R/BSgenomeViews-class.R

Defines functions .getListElement_BSgenomeViews as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews .as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews .from_BSgenomeViews_to_DNAStringSet .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews showBSgenomeViews .makeNakedMatFromBSgenomeViews BSgenomeViews

Documented in BSgenomeViews

### =========================================================================
### BSgenomeViews objects
### -------------------------------------------------------------------------
###
### The BSgenomeViews class is a container for storing a set of genomic
### positions on a BSgenome object, called the "subject".
###


### We cannot (and should not try to) extend Views here, for the same
### reasons that we didn't make GRanges a subclass of IRanges.
###
### TODO: A cleaner class design would be to have 2 abstractions: IViews and
### GViews. For IViews: the subject is a Vector and the ranges slot is an
### IRanges object. Note that this is how the current Views class is defined.
### For GViews: the subject is a named List and the granges slot is a
### GRanges object. Both IViews and GViews would be direct subclasses of a
### more general Views class that contains List and has a subject slot.
### BSgenomeViews below then should become a subclass of GViews.

setClass("BSgenomeViews",
    contains="List",
    representation(
        subject="BSgenome",
        granges="GRanges",
        elementMetadata="DataFrame"
    ),
    prototype(
        elementType="DNAString"
    )
)


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### Accessors
###

setMethod("subject", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) x@subject)

setMethod("granges", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, use.mcols=FALSE)
    {
        if (!isTRUEorFALSE(use.mcols))
            stop("'use.mcols' must be TRUE or FALSE")
        ans <- x@granges
        if (use.mcols)
            mcols(ans) <- mcols(x)
        ans
    }
)

setMethod("length", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) length(granges(x)))

setMethod("names", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) names(granges(x)))

setMethod("seqnames", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) seqnames(granges(x)))

setMethod("start", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) start(granges(x)))

setMethod("end", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) end(granges(x)))

setMethod("width", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) width(granges(x)))

setMethod("strand", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) strand(granges(x)))

setMethod("ranges", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, use.mcols=FALSE)
    {
        if (!isTRUEorFALSE(use.mcols))
            stop("'use.mcols' must be TRUE or FALSE")
        ans <- ranges(granges(x))
        if (use.mcols)
            mcols(ans) <- mcols(x)
        ans
    }
)

setMethod("elementNROWS", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) width(x))

setMethod("seqinfo", "BSgenomeViews", function(x) seqinfo(granges(x)))


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### Constructors
###

BSgenomeViews <- function(subject, granges)
{
    subject <- getBSgenome(subject)
    if (!is(granges, "GenomicRanges"))
        stop("'granges' must be a GRanges object")
    ans_seqinfo <- seqinfo(subject)
    ## Calling merge() is the standard way to check that 'subject' and
    ## 'granges' are based on the same reference genome.
    merge(ans_seqinfo, seqinfo(granges))
    ans_granges <- granges(granges)
    seqlevels(ans_granges) <- seqlevels(ans_seqinfo)
    seqinfo(ans_granges) <- ans_seqinfo
    ans_mcols <- mcols(granges)
    if (is.null(ans_mcols))
        ans_mcols <- S4Vectors:::make_zero_col_DataFrame(length(granges))
    new("BSgenomeViews", subject=subject, granges=ans_granges,
                         elementMetadata=ans_mcols)
}

### Provided for convenience. Need to do some ugly tweaks with the supplied
### args because of the weird signature of the Views() generic.
setMethod("Views", "BSgenome",
    function(subject, start=NULL, end=NULL, width=NULL, names=NULL)
    {
        if (!(is.null(end) && is.null(width) && is.null(names)))
            stop(wmsg("use call of the form 'Views(genome, gr)', ",
                      "where 'genome' is a BSgenome object ",
                      "and 'gr' a GRanges object, to create a ",
                      "BSgenomeViews object"))
        if (!is(start, "GenomicRanges"))
            stop("the location of the views on the genome must be ",
                 "specified as a GRanges object")
        BSgenomeViews(subject, start)
    }
)


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### Displaying
###

.makeNakedMatFromBSgenomeViews <- function(x)
{
    lx <- length(x)
    nc <- ncol(mcols(x))
    ans_seqnames <- as.character(seqnames(x))
    ans_ranges <- showAsCell(ranges(x))
    ans_strand <- as.character(strand(x))
    ans_dna <- sapply(getSeq(subject(x), granges(x)),
                      Biostrings:::toSeqSnippet, 23L)
    if (lx != 0L)
        ans_dna <- paste0("[", ans_dna, "]")
    ans <- cbind(seqnames=as.character(seqnames(x)),
                 ranges=showAsCell(ranges(x)),
                 strand=as.character(strand(x)),
                 dna=ans_dna)
    if (nc > 0L) {
        tmp <- do.call(data.frame, lapply(mcols(x), showAsCell))
        ans <- cbind(ans, `|`=rep.int("|", lx), as.matrix(tmp))
    }
    ans
}

showBSgenomeViews <- function(x, margin="",
                                 print.classinfo=FALSE,
                                 print.seqinfo=FALSE)
{
    lx <- length(x)
    nc <- ncol(mcols(x))
    cat(class(x), " object with ",
        lx, " view", ifelse(lx == 1L, "", "s"),
        " and ",
        nc, " metadata column", ifelse(nc == 1L, "", "s"),
        ":\n", sep="")
    out <- S4Vectors:::makePrettyMatrixForCompactPrinting(x,
               .makeNakedMatFromBSgenomeViews)
    if (print.classinfo) {
        .COL2CLASS <- c(
            seqnames="Rle",
            ranges="IRanges",
            strand="Rle",
            dna="DNAStringSet"
        )
        classinfo <-
            S4Vectors:::makeClassinfoRowForCompactPrinting(x, .COL2CLASS)
        ## A sanity check, but this should never happen!
        stopifnot(identical(colnames(classinfo), colnames(out)))
        out <- rbind(classinfo, out)
    }
    if (nrow(out) != 0L)
        rownames(out) <- paste0(margin, rownames(out))
    ## We set 'max' to 'length(out)' to avoid the getOption("max.print")
    ## limit that would typically be reached when 'showHeadLines' global
    ## option is set to Inf.
    print(out, quote=FALSE, right=TRUE, max=length(out))
    if (print.seqinfo) {
        cat(margin, "-------\n", sep="")
        cat(margin, "seqinfo: ", summary(seqinfo(x)), "\n", sep="")
    }
}

setMethod("show", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(object)
        showBSgenomeViews(object, margin="  ",
                          print.classinfo=TRUE, print.seqinfo=TRUE)
)


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### Coercion
###

.extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews <- function(x, use.mcols=FALSE)
{
    ## Doesn't work because getSeq() doesn't propagate the metadata cols of
    ## the GRanges object. Maybe it should?
    #getSeq(subject(x), granges(x, use.mcols=use.mcols))
    if (!isTRUEorFALSE(use.mcols))
        stop("'use.mcols' must be TRUE or FALSE")
    ans <- getSeq(subject(x), granges(x))
    if (use.mcols)
        mcols(ans) <- mcols(x)
    ans
}

.from_BSgenomeViews_to_DNAStringSet <- function(from)
    .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(from, use.mcols=TRUE)

setAs("BSgenomeViews", "DNAStringSet", .from_BSgenomeViews_to_DNAStringSet)
setAs("BSgenomeViews", "XStringSet", .from_BSgenomeViews_to_DNAStringSet)

setMethod("as.character", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, ...)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        callGeneric(x, ...)
    }
)

### S3/S4 combo for as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews
.as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews <- function(x, row.names=NULL, optional=FALSE)
{
    if (!identical(row.names, NULL))
        stop("\"as.data.frame\" method for BSgenomeViews objects ",
             "does not support the 'row.names' argument")
    df1 <- as.data.frame(granges(x, use.mcols=TRUE),
                         row.names=NULL, optional=optional)
    df2 <- as.data.frame(.extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x),
                         row.names=NULL, optional=optional)
    colnames(df2) <- "dna"
    cbind(df1, df2)
}
as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews <- function(x, row.names=NULL, optional=FALSE, ...)
    .as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews(x, row.names=row.names, optional=optional, ...)
setMethod("as.data.frame", "BSgenomeViews", as.data.frame.BSgenomeViews)


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### Subsetting
###

setMethod("extractROWS", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, i)
    {
        x@granges <- extractROWS(x@granges, i)
        x@elementMetadata <- extractROWS(x@elementMetadata, i)
        x
    }
)

### Extracting a view.
.getListElement_BSgenomeViews <- function(x, i, exact=TRUE)
{
    i2 <- normalizeDoubleBracketSubscript(i, x, exact=exact,
                                          allow.NA=TRUE,
                                          allow.nomatch=TRUE)
    if (is.na(i2))
        return(NULL)
    getSeq(subject(x), granges(x)[i2])[[1L]]
}

setMethod("getListElement", "BSgenomeViews", .getListElement_BSgenomeViews)


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### DNAStringSet methods
###

setMethod("seqtype", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x) seqtype(new(x@elementType))
)

setMethod("nchar", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, type="chars", allowNA=FALSE) width(x)
)

### For some methods below we use
###   do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
### instead of just calling callGeneric() with no args, and we also use the
### exact same formal args than in the method for DNAStringSet objects. This
### is to work around a bug (bug 16141) in callGeneric().
### See https://bugs.r-project.org/bugzilla3/show_bug.cgi?id=16141 for the
### details.

setMethod("unlist", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, recursive=TRUE, use.names=TRUE)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        callGeneric()
    }
)

# Ideally, we'd like to just be able to do this:
#setMethod("alphabetFrequency", "BSgenomeViews",
#    function(x, as.prob=FALSE, ...)
#    {
#        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
#        callGeneric()
#    }
#)
# Unfortunately, because of bug 16141 (see above), we have to do this:
setMethod("alphabetFrequency", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, as.prob=FALSE, collapse=FALSE, baseOnly=FALSE)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
    }
)

setMethod("hasOnlyBaseLetters", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        callGeneric()
    }
)

setMethod("uniqueLetters", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        callGeneric()
    }
)

# Ideally, we'd like to just be able to do this:
#setMethod("letterFrequency", "BSgenomeViews",
#    function(x, letters, OR="|", as.prob=FALSE, ...)
#    {
#        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
#        callGeneric()
#    }
#)
# Unfortunately, because of bug 16141 (see above), we have to do this:
setMethod("letterFrequency", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, letters, OR="|", as.prob=FALSE, collapse=FALSE)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
    }
)

# Ideally, we'd like to just be able to do this:
#setMethod("oligonucleotideFrequency", "BSgenomeViews",
#    function(x, width, step=1, as.prob=FALSE, as.array=FALSE,
#             fast.moving.side="right", with.labels=TRUE, ...)
#    {
#        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
#        callGeneric()
#    }
#)
# Unfortunately, because of bug 16141 (see above), we have to do this:
setMethod("oligonucleotideFrequency", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, width, step=1, as.prob=FALSE, as.array=FALSE,
             fast.moving.side="right", with.labels=TRUE, simplify.as="matrix")
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
    }
)

# Ideally, we'd like to just be able to do this:
#setMethod("nucleotideFrequencyAt", "BSgenomeViews",
#    function(x, at, as.prob=FALSE, as.array=TRUE,
#             fast.moving.side="right", with.labels=TRUE, ...)
#    {
#        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
#        callGeneric()
#    }
#)
# Unfortunately, because of bug 16141 (see above), we have to do this:
setMethod("nucleotideFrequencyAt", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, at, as.prob=FALSE, as.array=TRUE,
             fast.moving.side="right", with.labels=TRUE)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
    }
)

# Ideally, we'd like to just be able to do this:
#setMethod("consensusMatrix", "BSgenomeViews",
#    function(x, as.prob=FALSE, shift=0L, width=NULL, ...)
#    {
#        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
#        callGeneric()
#    }
#)
# Unfortunately, because of bug 16141 (see above), we have to do this:
setMethod("consensusMatrix", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, as.prob=FALSE, shift=0L, width=NULL, baseOnly=FALSE)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
    }
)

# Ideally, we'd like to just be able to do this:
#setMethod("consensusString", "BSgenomeViews",
#    function(x, ...)
#    {
#        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
#        callGeneric()
#    }
#)
# Unfortunately, because of bug 16141 (see above), we have to do this:
setMethod("consensusString", "BSgenomeViews",
    function(x, ambiguityMap=IUPAC_CODE_MAP, threshold=0.25,
                shift=0L, width=NULL)
    {
        x <- .extract_dna_from_BSgenomeViews(x)
        do.call(callGeneric, as.list(match.call()[-1L]))
    }
)

### TODO: Add more DNAStringSet methods...

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BSgenome documentation built on May 6, 2019, 2:29 a.m.