SNPRelate: Parallel computing toolset for relatedness and principal component analysis of SNP data

GPLv3 GNU General Public License, GPLv3

Availability Years-in-BioC Build Status Build status Comparison is done across all Bioconductor packages over the last 6 months


Genome-wide association studies are widely used to investigate the genetic basis of diseases and traits, but they pose many computational challenges. We developed SNPRelate (R package for multi-core symmetric multiprocessing computer architectures) to accelerate two key computations on SNP data: principal component analysis (PCA) and relatedness analysis using identity-by-descent measures. The kernels of our algorithms are written in C/C++ and highly optimized.

The GDS format offers the efficient operations specifically designed for integers with two bits, since a SNP could occupy only two bits. The SNP GDS format in this package is also used by the GWASTools package with the support of S4 classes and generic functions. The extended GDS format is implemented in the SeqArray package to support the storage of single nucleotide variation (SNV), insertion/deletion polymorphism (indel) and structural variation calls. It is strongly suggested to use SeqArray for large-scale whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing variant data instead of SNPRelate.


Release Version: v1.20.1




Zheng X, Levine D, Shen J, Gogarten SM, Laurie C, Weir BS (2012). A High-performance Computing Toolset for Relatedness and Principal Component Analysis of SNP Data. Bioinformatics. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/bts606.

Zheng X, Gogarten S, Lawrence M, Stilp A, Conomos M, Weir BS, Laurie C, Levine D (2017). SeqArray -- A storage-efficient high-performance data format for WGS variant calls. Bioinformatics. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btx145.


if (!requireNamespace("BiocManager", quietly=TRUE))

The install_github() approach requires that you build from source, i.e. make and compilers must be installed on your system -- see the R FAQ for your operating system; you may also need to install dependencies manually.

Implementation with Intel Intrinsics

| Functions | No SIMD | SSE2 | AVX | AVX2 | AVX-512 | |:----------------------|:-------:|:----:|:---:|:----:|:-------:| | snpgdsDiss » | X | | snpgdsEIGMIX » | X | X | X | | snpgdsGRM » | X | X | X | . | | snpgdsIBDKING » | X | X | | X | | snpgdsIBDMoM » | X | | snpgdsIBS » | X | X | | snpgdsIBSNum » | X | X | | snpgdsIndivBeta » | X | X | P | X | | snpgdsPCA » | X | X | X | | snpgdsPCACorr » | X | | snpgdsPCASampLoading » | X | | snpgdsPCASNPLoading » | X | | ... |

X: fully supported; .: partially supported; P: POPCNT instruction.

Install the package from the source code with the support of Intel SIMD Intrinsics:

You have to customize the package compilation, see: CRAN: Customizing-package-compilation

Change ~/.R/Makevars to, assuming GNU Compilers (gcc/g++) or Clang compiler (clang++) are installed:

## for C code
CFLAGS=-g -O3 -march=native -mtune=native
## for C++ code
CXXFLAGS=-g -O3 -march=native -mtune=native

Implementation with OpenCL

In progress ...

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SNPRelate documentation built on Nov. 8, 2020, 5:31 p.m.