R/Anthropometry-internalArchetypoids.R

Defines functions swap2_k1 swap2 swap no.rescalefn no.scalefn ahull

Documented in ahull no.rescalefn no.scalefn swap swap2 swap2_k1

#Helper function to calculate the approximated convex hull.
ahull <- function(zs) {
  a <- rbind(archetypes::parameters(zs), archetypes::parameters(zs)[1,])
  xc <- a[,1]; xm <- mean(xc)
  yc <- a[,2]; ym <- mean(yc)
  
  real <- xc - xm
  imag <- yc - ym
  angle <- atan2(imag, real)
  
  index <- order(angle)
  
  return(a[c(index, index[1]),])
}

#No standardize.
no.scalefn <- function(x, ...){
  return(x)
}
no.rescalefn <- function(x, zs, ...){
  if ( is.null(zs) )
    return(matrix(NA, nrow = 0, ncol = 0))
  return(zs)
}

#Helper functions to calculate archetypoids.
swap <- function(vect_arch_ini, rss_arch_ini, huge=200, numArchoid, x_gvv, n){
  
  vect_arch_end <- vect_arch_ini
  rss <- rss_arch_ini
  
  
  for(l in 1 : numArchoid){
    
    rss1 <- c()
    
    setpossibles <- setdiff(1:n,vect_arch_ini)
    
    for(i in setpossibles){
      zs <- x_gvv[,c(i,vect_arch_ini[-l])] 
      zs <- as.matrix(zs)
      alphas <- matrix(0, nrow = numArchoid, ncol = n)
      for (j in 1 : n){
        alphas[, j] = coef(nnls(zs, x_gvv[,j]))
      }
      
      resid <- zs %*% alphas - x_gvv
      
      rss1[i] <- max(svd(resid)$d) / n
      
      if(rss1[i] < rss){
        rss <- rss1[i]
        vect_arch_end = c(i,vect_arch_ini[-l])
      }
    }
  }
  
  if(numArchoid==1){
    result <- swap2_k1(vect_arch_end, vect_arch_ini, rss, huge, numArchoid, x_gvv, n)
  }else{
    result <- swap2(vect_arch_end, vect_arch_ini, rss, huge, numArchoid, x_gvv, n)
  } 
  
  return(result)
}


swap2 <- function(vect_arch_end, vect_arch_ini, rss, huge=200, numArchoid, x_gvv, n){
  
  vect_arch_ini_aux <- vect_arch_ini
  vect_arch_end_aux <- vect_arch_end
  
  rss_aux <- rss
  vect_arch_end2 <- c()
  
  while(any(sort(vect_arch_end_aux) != sort(vect_arch_ini_aux))){ #this loop is executed while both vectors are 
    #different in at least one element. Since we have not found an R function that says whether two vectors are 
    #equal, we have done the following: first, we have ordered them (because both vectors may be the same, although 
    #their elements are in a different order, for example, c(1,2,3) and c(3,1,2)). Then, we have checked if any 
    #element does not match with the element that is placed in the same position in the other vector.
    
    se <- setdiff(vect_arch_end_aux,vect_arch_ini_aux) #this function looks for the distinct element between the 
    #initial vector (in the first iteration, the initial vector is either the nearest or which vector, while in the 
    #second iteration, the initial vector is the final vector returned by the swap step and so on and so forth) 
    #and the final vector (the final vector in the first iteration is that one returned by the swap step but in the 
    #following iterations, it is the vector returned by the swap2 function).
    
    se1 <- setdiff(vect_arch_end_aux,se) #the elements different from the distinct one of the former setdiff 
    #function.
    
    for(l in 1 : length(se1)){
      
      rss1 <- c()
      
      comp <- c(se,se1[-l]) #vector made up of the distinct element with the no distincts without one.
      setpossibles <- setdiff(1:n,vect_arch_end_aux)
      
      for(i in setpossibles){
        zs <- x_gvv[,c(i,comp)] 
        zs <- as.matrix(zs)
        alphas <- matrix(0, nrow = numArchoid, ncol = n)
        for (j in 1 : n){
          alphas[, j] = coef(nnls(zs, x_gvv[,j]))
        }
        
        resid <- zs %*% alphas - x_gvv
        
        rss1[i] <- max(svd(resid)$d) / n
        
        if(rss1[i] < rss_aux){
          rss_aux <- rss1[i]
          vect_arch_end2 <- c(i,comp)
        }
      }
    }
    
    if(is.null(vect_arch_end2)){ #if vect_arch_end2 is NULL, this means that any vector improves the final vector 
      #of the swap function (called vect_arch_end_aux). Therefore, the vect_arch_end_aux that it is going to be 
      #returned is just the vect_arch_end_aux that it is the final vector of the first swap. If we don't add this 
      #condition, the function displays an error because it might happen that the vect_arch_end returned by the 
      #swap function already is the best vector (this happens with the nba2d database) and therefore the swap2 
      #function is not going to be able to improve it. 
      vect_arch_end_aux <- vect_arch_end_aux
      vect_arch_ini_aux <- vect_arch_end_aux #In addition, we also have to fix the initial vector as the final 
      #vector in order to the while loop stops.
    }else{
      vect_arch_ini_aux <- vect_arch_end_aux #the initial vector of the following iteration must be the final 
      #vector of the previous iteration to compare it with the final vector returned by the swap2 in the next
      #iteration.
      vect_arch_end_aux <- vect_arch_end2 #final vector returned by the swap2 function.
    }
  }
  
  #Actual alpha coefficients for the optimal vector of archetypoids:
  zs <- x_gvv[,vect_arch_end_aux] 
  zs <- as.matrix(zs)
  alphas_def <- matrix(0, nrow = numArchoid, ncol = n)
  for (j in 1 : n){
    alphas_def[, j] = coef(nnls(zs, x_gvv[,j]))
  }
  
  return(list(cases=vect_arch_end_aux, rss=rss_aux, archet_ini=vect_arch_ini, alphas=alphas_def))
  
}


swap2_k1 <- function(vect_arch_end, vect_arch_ini, rss, huge=200, numArchoid, x_gvv, n){
  
  vect_arch_ini_aux <- vect_arch_ini
  vect_arch_end_aux <- vect_arch_end
  
  rss_aux <- rss
  vect_arch_end2 <- c()
  
  while(vect_arch_end_aux != vect_arch_ini_aux){
    
    rss1 <- c()
    
    setpossibles <- setdiff(1:n,vect_arch_end_aux)
    
    for(i in setpossibles){
      zs <- x_gvv[,i] 
      zs <- as.matrix(zs)
      alphas <- matrix(0, nrow = numArchoid, ncol = n)
      for (j in 1 : n){
        alphas[, j] = coef(nnls(zs, x_gvv[,j]))
      }
      
      resid <- zs %*% alphas - x_gvv
      
      rss1[i] <- max(svd(resid)$d) / n
      
      if(rss1[i] < rss_aux){
        rss_aux <- rss1[i]
        vect_arch_end2 = i
      }
    }
    
    if(is.null(vect_arch_end2)){ 
      vect_arch_end_aux <- vect_arch_end_aux
      vect_arch_ini_aux <- vect_arch_end_aux 
    }else{
      vect_arch_ini_aux <- vect_arch_end_aux 
      vect_arch_end_aux <- vect_arch_end2 
    }
  }
  
  #Actual alpha coefficients for the optimal vector of archetypoids:
  zs <- x_gvv[,vect_arch_end_aux] 
  zs <- as.matrix(zs)
  alphas_def <- matrix(0, nrow = numArchoid, ncol = n)
  for (j in 1 : n){
    alphas_def[, j] = coef(nnls(zs, x_gvv[,j]))
  }
  
  return(list(cases=vect_arch_end_aux, rss=rss_aux, archet_ini=vect_arch_ini, alphas=alphas_def))
}

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Anthropometry documentation built on Dec. 11, 2021, 9:08 a.m.