# ttest.tstat: Use t statistic to compute Bayes factor for one- and two-... In BayesFactor: Computation of Bayes Factors for Common Designs

## Description

Using the classical t test statistic for a one- or two-sample design, this function computes the corresponding Bayes factor test.

## Usage

 ```1 2``` ```ttest.tstat(t, n1, n2 = 0, nullInterval = NULL, rscale = "medium", complement = FALSE, simple = FALSE) ```

## Arguments

 `t` classical t statistic `n1` size of first group (or only group, for one-sample tests) `n2` size of second group, for independent-groups tests `nullInterval` optional vector of length 2 containing lower and upper bounds of an interval hypothesis to test, in standardized units `rscale` numeric prior scale `complement` if `TRUE`, compute the Bayes factor against the complement of the interval `simple` if `TRUE`, return only the Bayes factor

## Details

This function can be used to compute the Bayes factor corresponding to a one-sample, a paired-sample, or an independent-groups t test, using the classical t statistic. It can be used when you don't have access to the full data set for analysis by `ttestBF`, but you do have the test statistic.

For details about the model, see the help for `ttestBF`, and the references therein.

The Bayes factor is computed via Gaussian quadrature.

## Value

If `simple` is `TRUE`, returns the Bayes factor (against the null). If `FALSE`, the function returns a vector of length 3 containing the computed log(e) Bayes factor, along with a proportional error estimate on the Bayes factor and the method used to compute it.

## Note

In version 0.9.9, the behaviour of this function has changed in order to produce more uniform results. In version 0.9.8 and before, this function returned two Bayes factors when `nullInterval` was non-`NULL`: the Bayes factor for the interval versus the null, and the Bayes factor for the complement of the interval versus the null. Starting in version 0.9.9, in order to get the Bayes factor for the complement, it is required to set the `complement` argument to `TRUE`, and the function only returns one Bayes factor.

## Author(s)

Richard D. Morey ([email protected]) and Jeffrey N. Rouder ([email protected])

## References

Morey, R. D. & Rouder, J. N. (2011). Bayes Factor Approaches for Testing Interval Null Hypotheses. Psychological Methods, 16, 406-419

Rouder, J. N., Speckman, P. L., Sun, D., Morey, R. D., & Iverson, G. (2009). Bayesian t-tests for accepting and rejecting the null hypothesis. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 225-237

`integrate`, `t.test`; see `ttestBF` for the intended interface to this function, using the full data set.
 ``` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10``` ```## Classical example: Student's sleep data data(sleep) plot(extra ~ group, data = sleep) ## t.test() gives a t value of -4.0621 t.test(extra ~ group, data = sleep, paired=TRUE) ## Gives a Bayes factor of about 15 ## in favor of the alternative hypothesis result <- ttest.tstat(t = -4.0621, n1 = 10) exp(result[['bf']]) ```