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```
#' @title A Reference Class to represent the target population
#' @description The expected value of perfect information (EVPI) is estimated for the entire population targeted by the evaluated intervention.
#' @name POP
## @description The expected value of perfect information is estimated for the entire population targeted by the evaluated intervention.
## This objects represents this target population. The size of the target population (POP) can be estimated through prevalence and incidence data from registries,
## large cohort studies, medico-administrative databases, or surveillance systems.
## POP has to be calculated over the entire time horizon used for the estimation of the EVPI.
## It is usually easier to gather data on the annual number of individual susceptible to benefit for the new intervention.
## If this number is expected to be constant over the time horizon, POP is the product of this time horizon (in years) and the annual number of individual.
## If the time horizon is longer than one year, POP has to be discounted.
#' @field horizon : Time horizon in years considered in the estimation of the EVPI.
#' Finite time horizons are recommended in order to control for the complex and uncertain process of future changes.
#' Furthermore, because of discounting, the impact of a time horizon over 15 or 20 years on the estimation of EVPI is insignificant.
#' @field discount : Annual discount rate considered in the estimation of the EVPI. The annual discount rate is defined in each country, usually within 3 to 6\%.
#' @field N_year : Number of individuals likely to be targeted by the evaluated intervention each year
#' @section Methods:
#' \describe{
#' \item{set_discount(discount):}{sets the discount for this POP object}
#' \item{set_N_year(N_year):}{sets the N_year of this POP object}
#' \item{set_horizon(horizon):}{sets the horizon of this POP object}
#' }
#' @seealso \link{create_object_pop} the constructor
#' @examples
#' object_pop <- create_object_pop(horizon = 20, discount=0.04, N_year = 52000)
## @noRd
setRefClass(
# Nom de la classe
"POP",
# Attributs
fields = c(
horizon = "numeric",
discount = "numeric",
N_year = "numeric",
iota = "numeric"
),
# Fonctions :
methods=list(
### Constructeur
initialize = function(horizon,discount,N_year){
check_1(list(horizon=horizon, discount = discount, N_year = N_year))
check_positif(list(horizon=horizon, discount = discount, N_year = N_year))
check_horizon (horizon)
check_discount (discount)
horizon <<- horizon
discount <<- discount
N_year <<- N_year
set_iota ()
},
check_horizon = function(horizon){
if (horizon == 0){
stop("Time horizon can not be equal to 0")
}
if (!horizon%%1==0){
stop ("Time horizon must be an integer")
}
return(T)
},
check_discount = function(discount){
if (discount > 1){
stop("Annual discount rate must be less than 1")
}
return(T)
},
set_horizon = function(horizon){
horizon <<- horizon
set_iota()
},
set_discount = function(discount){
discount <<- discount
set_iota()
},
set_N_year = function(N_year){
N_year <<- N_year
set_iota()
},
set_iota = function(){
iota_temp <- 0
horizon_temp <- 1:horizon - 1
for (k in horizon_temp){
une_annee <- (1/(1+discount)^k) * N_year
iota_temp <- sum(iota_temp, une_annee)
}
iota <<- iota_temp
},
### getter :
get_iota = function(){
set_iota()
return(iota)
},
get_N_year = function(){
return(N_year)
},
get_discount = function(){
return(discount)
},
get_horizon = function(){
return(horizon)
}
)
)
#' @title Create an object POP
#' @description The expected value of perfect information (EVPI) is estimated for the entire population targeted by the evaluated intervention.
#' This object represents this target population. The size of the target population (POP) can be estimated through prevalence and incidence data from registries,
#' large cohort studies, medico-administrative databases, or surveillance systems.
#' POP has to be calculated over the entire time horizon used for the estimation of the EVPI.
#' It is usually easier to gather data on the annual number of individual susceptible to benefit for the new intervention.
#' If this number is expected to be constant over the time horizon, POP is the product of this time horizon (in years) and the annual number of individual.
#' If the time horizon is longer than one year, POP has to be discounted.
#' @param horizon : Time horizon in years considered in the estimation of the EVPI.
#' Finite time horizons are recommended in order to control for the complex and uncertain process of future changes.
#' Furthermore, because of discounting, the impact of a time horizon over 15 or 20 years on the estimation of EVPI is insignificant.
#' @param discount : Annual discount rate considered in the estimation of the EVPI. The annual discount rate is defined in each country, usually within 3 to 6\%.
#' @param N_year : Number of individuals likely to be targeted by the evaluated intervention each year
#' @return create_object_pop returns an object of class \link{POP}
#' @examples
#' object_pop <- create_object_pop(horizon = 20, discount=0.04, N_year = 52000)
#' @export
create_object_pop <- function(horizon, discount, N_year){
pop <- methods::new (Class="POP",horizon = horizon, discount=discount, N_year = N_year)
}
```

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