standardScreeningCensoredTime: Standard Screening with regard to a Censored Time Variable

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s)

Description

The function standardScreeningCensoredTime computes association measures between the columns of the input data datE and a censored time variable (e.g. survival time). The censored time is specified using two input variables "time" and "event". The event variable is binary where 1 indicates that the event took place (e.g. the person died) and 0 indicates censored (i.e. lost to follow up). The function fits univariate Cox regression models (one for each column of datE) and outputs a Wald test p-value, a logrank p-value, corresponding local false discovery rates (known as q-values, Storey et al 2004), hazard ratios. Further it reports the concordance index (also know as area under the ROC curve) and optionally results from dichotomizing the columns of datE.

Usage

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standardScreeningCensoredTime(
   time, 
   event, 
   datExpr, 
   percentiles = seq(from = 0.1, to = 0.9, by = 0.2), 
   dichotomizationResults = FALSE, 
   qValues = TRUE,
   fastCalculation = TRUE)

Arguments

time

numeric variable showing time to event or time to last follow up.

event

Input variable time specifies the time to event or time to last follow up. Input variable event indicates whether the event happend (=1) or whether there was censoring (=0).

datExpr

a data frame or matrix whose columns will be related to the censored time.

percentiles

numeric vector which is only used when dichotomizationResults=T. Each value should lie between 0 and 1. For each value specified in the vector percentiles, a binary vector will be defined by dichotomizing the column value according to the corresponding quantile. Next a corresponding p-value will be calculated.

dichotomizationResults

logical. If this option is set to TRUE then the values of the columns of datE will be dichotomized and corresponding Cox regression p-values will be calculated.

qValues

logical. If this option is set to TRUE (default) then q-values will be calculated for the Cox regression p-values.

fastCalculation

logical. If set to TRUE, the function outputs correlation test p-values (and q-values) for correlating the columns of datE with the expected hazard (if no covariate is fit). Specifically, the expected hazard is defined as the deviance residual of an intercept only Cox regression model. The results are very similar to those resulting from a univariate Cox model where the censored time is regressed on the columns of dat. Specifically, this computational speed up is facilitated by the insight that the p-values resulting from a univariate Cox regression coxph(Surv(time,event)~datE[,i]) are very similar to those from corPvalueFisher(cor(devianceResidual,datE[,i]), nSamples).

Details

If input option fastCalculation=TRUE, then the function outputs correlation test p-values (and q-values) for correlating the columns of datE with the expected hazard (if no covariate is fit). Specifically, the expected hazard is defined as the deviance residual of an intercept only Cox regression model. The results are very similar to those resulting from a univariate Cox model where the censored time is regressed on the columns of dat. Specifically, this computational speed up is facilitated by the insight that the p-values resulting from a univariate Cox regression coxph(Surv(time,event)~datE[,i]) are very similar to those from corPvalueFisher(cor(devianceResidual,datE[,i]), nSamples)

Value

If fastCalculation is FALSE, the function outputs a data frame whose rows correspond to the columns of datE and whose columns report

ID

column names of the input data datExpr.

pvalueWald

Wald test p-value from fitting a univariate Cox regression model where the censored time is regressed on each column of datExpr.

qValueWald

local false discovery rate (q-value) corresponding to the Wald test p-value.

pvalueLogrank

Logrank p-value resulting from the Cox regression model. Also known as score test p-value. For large sample sizes this sould be similar to the Wald test p-value.

qValueLogrank

local false discovery rate (q-value) corresponding to the Logrank test p-value.

HazardRatio

hazard ratio resulting from the Cox model. If the value is larger than 1, then high values of the column are associated with shorter time, e.g. increased hazard of death. A hazard ratio equal to 1 means no relationship between the column and time. HR<1 means that high values are associated with longer time, i.e. lower hazard.

CI.LowerLimitHR

Lower bound of the 95 percent confidence interval of the hazard ratio.

CI.UpperLimitHR

Upper bound of the 95 percent confidence interval of the hazard ratio.

C.index

concordance index, also known as C-index or area under the ROC curve. Calculated with the rcorr.cens option outx=TRUE (ties are ignored).

MinimumDichotPvalue

This is the smallest p-value from the dichotomization results. To see which dichotomized variable (and percentile) corresponds to the minimum, study the following columns.

pValueDichot0.1

This columns report the p-value when the column is dichotomized according to the specified percentile (here 0.1). The percentiles are specified in the input option percentiles.

pvalueDeviance

The p-value resulting from using a correlation test to relate the expected hazard (deviance residual) with each (undichotomized) column of datE. Specifically, the Fisher transformation is used to calculate the p-value for the Pearson correlation. The resulting p-value should be very similar to that of a univariate Cox regression model.

qvalueDeviance

Local false discovery rate (q-value) corresponding to pvalueDeviance.

corDeviance

Pearson correlation between the expected hazard (deviance residual) with each (undichotomized) column of datExpr.

Author(s)

Steve Horvath


WGCNA documentation built on March 1, 2021, 1:05 a.m.