R/daylength.R

Defines functions daylength

Documented in daylength

#' Compute sunrise and sunset times, and daylength
#' 
#' This function computes sunrise time, sunset time and daylength for a
#' particular location and day of the year (Julian day). This is done using
#' equations by Spencer (1971) and Almorox et al. (2005).
#' 
#' @param latitude numeric value specifying the geographic latitude
#' (in decimal degrees) of the location of interest
#' @param JDay numeric (usually integer) value or vector specifying the
#' Julian day (day of the year), for which calculations should be done.
#' @param notimes.as.na parameter to determine whether for days without
#' sunrise or sunset, na should be returned for Sunset and Sunrise. If
#' left at FALSE (the default), the function returns -99 and 99 for
#' sunrise and sunset or polar nights and polar days, respectively.
#' @return list with three elements Sunrise, Sunset and Daylength. For days
#' without sunrise (polar nights), sunset and sunrise become -99 and the
#' daylength 0. For days without sunset, sunset and sunrise are 99 and
#' daylength 24.
#' @author Eike Luedeling
#' @references  
#' Spencer JW, 1971. Fourier series representation of the position of the Sun.
#' Search 2(5), 172.
#' 
#' Almorox J, Hontoria C and Benito M, 2005. Statistical validation of
#' daylength definitions for estimation of global solar radiation in Toledo,
#' Spain. Energy Conversion and Management 46(9-10), 1465-1471)
#' @keywords utility
#' @examples
#' 
#' daylength(latitude=50,JDay=40)
#' plot(daylength(latitude=35,JDay=1:365)$Daylength)
#' 
#' 
#' @export daylength
daylength<-function(latitude,JDay,notimes.as.na=FALSE)
{
  if(missing(latitude)) stop("'latitude' not specified")
  if(missing(JDay)) stop("'JDay' not specified")
  if (!isTRUE(all(is.numeric(JDay)))) stop("'JDay' contains non-numeric values")
  if(length(latitude)>1) stop("'latitude' has more than one element")
  if (!is.numeric(latitude)) stop("'latitude' is not numeric")
  if(latitude>90|latitude<(-90)) warning("'latitude' is usually between -90 and 90")

  Gamma<-2*pi/365*((JDay)-1)
  Delta<-180/pi*(0.006918-0.399912*cos(Gamma)+0.070257*sin(Gamma)-0.006758*cos(2*Gamma)+
                   0.000907*sin(2*(Gamma))-0.002697*cos(3*(Gamma))+0.00148*sin(3*(Gamma)))
  CosWo<-(sin(-0.8333/360*2*pi)-sin(latitude/360*2*pi)*
            sin(Delta/360*2*pi))/(cos(latitude/360*2*pi)*cos(Delta/360*2*pi))
  
  normal_days<-which(CosWo>=-1&CosWo<=1)
  Sunrise<-rep(-99,length(CosWo))
  Sunrise[normal_days]<-12-acos(CosWo[normal_days])/(15/360*2*pi)
  Sunset<-rep(-99,length(CosWo))
  Sunset[normal_days]<-12+acos(CosWo[normal_days])/(15/360*2*pi)
  Daylength<-Sunset-Sunrise
  Daylength[which(CosWo>1)]<-0
  Daylength[which(CosWo<(-1))]<-24
  Sunrise[which(Daylength==24)]<-99
  Sunset[which(Daylength==24)]<-99
  
  if(notimes.as.na)
   {Sunrise[which(Sunrise %in% c(-99,99))]<-NA
    Sunset[which(Sunset %in% c(-99,99))]<-NA}
  Sunset[which(is.na(JDay))]<-NA
  Sunrise[which(is.na(JDay))]<-NA
  Daylength[which(is.na(JDay))]<-NA
 
 return(list(Sunrise=Sunrise,Sunset=Sunset,Daylength=Daylength))  
}

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chillR documentation built on Jan. 11, 2022, 5:07 p.m.