Pareto: Pareto Distribution Class

Description Details Value Distribution support Default Parameterisation Omitted Methods Also known as Super classes Public fields Active bindings Methods References See Also

Description

Mathematical and statistical functions for the Pareto distribution, which is commonly used in Economics to model the distribution of wealth and the 80-20 rule.

Details

The Pareto distribution parameterised with shape, α, and scale, β, is defined by the pdf,

f(x) = (αβ^α)/(x^{α+1})

for α, β > 0.

Currently this is implemented as the Type I Pareto distribution, other types will be added in the future. Characteristic function is omitted as no suitable incomplete gamma function with complex inputs implementation could be found.

Value

Returns an R6 object inheriting from class SDistribution.

Distribution support

The distribution is supported on [β, ∞).

Default Parameterisation

Pare(shape = 1, scale = 1)

Omitted Methods

N/A

Also known as

N/A

Super classes

distr6::Distribution -> distr6::SDistribution -> Pareto

Public fields

name

Full name of distribution.

short_name

Short name of distribution for printing.

description

Brief description of the distribution.

packages

Packages required to be installed in order to construct the distribution.

Active bindings

properties

Returns distribution properties, including skewness type and symmetry.

Methods

Public methods

Inherited methods

Method new()

Creates a new instance of this R6 class.

Usage
Pareto$new(shape = NULL, scale = NULL, decorators = NULL)
Arguments
shape

(numeric(1))
Shape parameter, defined on the positive Reals.

scale

(numeric(1))
Scale parameter, defined on the positive Reals.

decorators

(character())
Decorators to add to the distribution during construction.


Method mean()

The arithmetic mean of a (discrete) probability distribution X is the expectation

E_X(X) = ∑ p_X(x)*x

with an integration analogue for continuous distributions.

Usage
Pareto$mean(...)
Arguments
...

Unused.


Method mode()

The mode of a probability distribution is the point at which the pdf is a local maximum, a distribution can be unimodal (one maximum) or multimodal (several maxima).

Usage
Pareto$mode(which = "all")
Arguments
which

(character(1) | numeric(1)
Ignored if distribution is unimodal. Otherwise "all" returns all modes, otherwise specifies which mode to return.


Method median()

Returns the median of the distribution. If an analytical expression is available returns distribution median, otherwise if symmetric returns self$mean, otherwise returns self$quantile(0.5).

Usage
Pareto$median()

Method variance()

The variance of a distribution is defined by the formula

var_X = E[X^2] - E[X]^2

where E_X is the expectation of distribution X. If the distribution is multivariate the covariance matrix is returned.

Usage
Pareto$variance(...)
Arguments
...

Unused.


Method skewness()

The skewness of a distribution is defined by the third standardised moment,

sk_X = E_X[((x - μ)/σ)^3]

where E_X is the expectation of distribution X, μ is the mean of the distribution and σ is the standard deviation of the distribution.

Usage
Pareto$skewness(...)
Arguments
...

Unused.


Method kurtosis()

The kurtosis of a distribution is defined by the fourth standardised moment,

k_X = E_X[((x - μ)/σ)^4]

where E_X is the expectation of distribution X, μ is the mean of the distribution and σ is the standard deviation of the distribution. Excess Kurtosis is Kurtosis - 3.

Usage
Pareto$kurtosis(excess = TRUE, ...)
Arguments
excess

(logical(1))
If TRUE (default) excess kurtosis returned.

...

Unused.


Method entropy()

The entropy of a (discrete) distribution is defined by

- ∑ (f_X)log(f_X)

where f_X is the pdf of distribution X, with an integration analogue for continuous distributions.

Usage
Pareto$entropy(base = 2, ...)
Arguments
base

(integer(1))
Base of the entropy logarithm, default = 2 (Shannon entropy)

...

Unused.


Method mgf()

The moment generating function is defined by

mgf_X(t) = E_X[exp(xt)]

where X is the distribution and E_X is the expectation of the distribution X.

Usage
Pareto$mgf(t, ...)
Arguments
t

(integer(1))
t integer to evaluate function at.

...

Unused.


Method pgf()

The probability generating function is defined by

pgf_X(z) = E_X[exp(z^x)]

where X is the distribution and E_X is the expectation of the distribution X.

Usage
Pareto$pgf(z, ...)
Arguments
z

(integer(1))
z integer to evaluate probability generating function at.

...

Unused.


Method clone()

The objects of this class are cloneable with this method.

Usage
Pareto$clone(deep = FALSE)
Arguments
deep

Whether to make a deep clone.

References

McLaughlin, M. P. (2001). A compendium of common probability distributions (pp. 2014-01). Michael P. McLaughlin.

See Also

Other continuous distributions: Arcsine, BetaNoncentral, Beta, Cauchy, ChiSquaredNoncentral, ChiSquared, Dirichlet, Erlang, Exponential, FDistributionNoncentral, FDistribution, Frechet, Gamma, Gompertz, Gumbel, InverseGamma, Laplace, Logistic, Loglogistic, Lognormal, MultivariateNormal, Normal, Poisson, Rayleigh, ShiftedLoglogistic, StudentTNoncentral, StudentT, Triangular, Uniform, Wald, Weibull

Other univariate distributions: Arcsine, Bernoulli, BetaNoncentral, Beta, Binomial, Categorical, Cauchy, ChiSquaredNoncentral, ChiSquared, Degenerate, DiscreteUniform, Empirical, Erlang, Exponential, FDistributionNoncentral, FDistribution, Frechet, Gamma, Geometric, Gompertz, Gumbel, Hypergeometric, InverseGamma, Laplace, Logarithmic, Logistic, Loglogistic, Lognormal, NegativeBinomial, Normal, Poisson, Rayleigh, ShiftedLoglogistic, StudentTNoncentral, StudentT, Triangular, Uniform, Wald, Weibull, WeightedDiscrete


distr6 documentation built on Sept. 6, 2021, 9:10 a.m.