group_map: Apply a function to each group

View source: R/group-map.R

group_mapR Documentation

Apply a function to each group



group_map(), group_modify() and group_walk() are purrr-style functions that can be used to iterate on grouped tibbles.


group_map(.data, .f, ..., .keep = FALSE)

group_modify(.data, .f, ..., .keep = FALSE)

group_walk(.data, .f, ..., .keep = FALSE)



A grouped tibble


A function or formula to apply to each group.

If a function, it is used as is. It should have at least 2 formal arguments.

If a formula, e.g. ~ head(.x), it is converted to a function.

In the formula, you can use

  • . or .x to refer to the subset of rows of .tbl for the given group

  • .y to refer to the key, a one row tibble with one column per grouping variable that identifies the group


Additional arguments passed on to .f


are the grouping variables kept in .x


Use group_modify() when summarize() is too limited, in terms of what you need to do and return for each group. group_modify() is good for "data frame in, data frame out". If that is too limited, you need to use a nested or split workflow. group_modify() is an evolution of do(), if you have used that before.

Each conceptual group of the data frame is exposed to the function .f with two pieces of information:

  • The subset of the data for the group, exposed as .x.

  • The key, a tibble with exactly one row and columns for each grouping variable, exposed as .y.

For completeness, group_modify(), group_map and group_walk() also work on ungrouped data frames, in that case the function is applied to the entire data frame (exposed as .x), and .y is a one row tibble with no column, consistently with group_keys().


  • group_modify() returns a grouped tibble. In that case .f must return a data frame.

  • group_map() returns a list of results from calling .f on each group.

  • group_walk() calls .f for side effects and returns the input .tbl, invisibly.

See Also

Other grouping functions: group_by(), group_nest(), group_split(), group_trim()


# return a list
mtcars %>%
  group_by(cyl) %>%
  group_map(~ head(.x, 2L))

# return a tibble grouped by `cyl` with 2 rows per group
# the grouping data is recalculated
mtcars %>%
  group_by(cyl) %>%
  group_modify(~ head(.x, 2L))

# a list of tibbles
iris %>%
  group_by(Species) %>%
  group_map(~ broom::tidy(lm(Petal.Length ~ Sepal.Length, data = .x)))

# a restructured grouped tibble
iris %>%
  group_by(Species) %>%
  group_modify(~ broom::tidy(lm(Petal.Length ~ Sepal.Length, data = .x)))

# a list of vectors
iris %>%
  group_by(Species) %>%
  group_map(~ quantile(.x$Petal.Length, probs = c(0.25, 0.5, 0.75)))

# to use group_modify() the lambda must return a data frame
iris %>%
  group_by(Species) %>%
  group_modify(~ {
     quantile(.x$Petal.Length, probs = c(0.25, 0.5, 0.75)) %>%
     tibble::enframe(name = "prob", value = "quantile")

iris %>%
  group_by(Species) %>%
  group_modify(~ {
    .x %>%
      purrr::map_dfc(fivenum) %>%
      mutate(nms = c("min", "Q1", "median", "Q3", "max"))

# group_walk() is for side effects
dir.create(temp <- tempfile())
iris %>%
  group_by(Species) %>%
  group_walk(~ write.csv(.x, file = file.path(temp, paste0(.y$Species, ".csv"))))
list.files(temp, pattern = "csv$")
unlink(temp, recursive = TRUE)

# group_modify() and ungrouped data frames
mtcars %>%
  group_modify(~ head(.x, 2L))

dplyr documentation built on Sept. 3, 2023, 5:08 p.m.