icc: Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for oneway and...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

Computes single score or average score ICCs as an index of interrater reliability of quantitative data. Additionally, F-test and confidence interval are computed.

Usage

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icc(ratings, model = c("oneway", "twoway"), 
    type = c("consistency", "agreement"), 
    unit = c("single", "average"), r0 = 0, conf.level = 0.95)

Arguments

ratings

n*m matrix or dataframe, n subjects m raters.

model

a character string specifying if a '"oneway"' model (default) with row effects random, or a '"twoway"' model with column and row effects random should be applied. You can specify just the initial letter.

type

a character string specifying if '"consistency"' (default) or '"agreement"' between raters should be estimated. If a '"oneway"' model is used, only '"consistency"' could be computed. You can specify just the initial letter.

unit

a character string specifying the unit of analysis: Must be one of '"single"' (default) or '"average"'. You can specify just the initial letter.

r0

specification of the null hypothesis r = r0. Note that a one sided test (H1: r > r0) is performed.

conf.level

confidence level of the interval.

Details

Missing data are omitted in a listwise way.
When considering which form of ICC is appropriate for an actual set of data, one has take several decisions (Shrout & Fleiss, 1979):

1. Should only the subjects be considered as random effects ('"oneway"' model) or are subjects and raters randomly chosen from a bigger pool of persons ('"twoway"' model).

2. If differences in judges' mean ratings are of interest, interrater '"agreement"' instead of '"consistency"' should be computed.

3. If the unit of analysis is a mean of several ratings, unit should be changed to '"average"'. In most cases, however, single values (unit='"single"') are regarded.

Value

A list with class '"icclist"' containing the following components:

$subjects

the number of subjects examined.

$raters

the number of raters.

$model

a character string describing the selected model for the analysis.

$type

a character string describing the selected type of interrater reliability.

$unit

a character string describing the unit of analysis.

$icc.name

a character string specifying the name of ICC according to McGraw & Wong (1996).

$value

the intraclass correlation coefficient.

$r0

the specified null hypothesis.

$Fvalue

the value of the F-statistic.

$df1

the numerator degrees of freedom.

$df2

the denominator degrees of freedom.

$p.value

the p-value for a two-sided test.

$conf.level

the confidence level for the interval.

$lbound

the lower bound of the confidence interval.

$ubound

the upper bound of the confidence interval.

Author(s)

Matthias Gamer

References

Bartko, J.J. (1966). The intraclass correlation coefficient as a measure of reliability. Psychological Reports, 19, 3-11.

McGraw, K.O., & Wong, S.P. (1996), Forming inferences about some intraclass correlation coefficients. Psychological Methods, 1, 30-46.

Shrout, P.E., & Fleiss, J.L. (1979), Intraclass correlation: uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 420-428.

See Also

finn, meancor, robinson

Examples

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data(anxiety)
icc(anxiety, model="twoway", type="agreement")

r1 <- round(rnorm(20, 10, 4))
r2 <- round(r1 + 10 + rnorm(20, 0, 2))
r3 <- round(r1 + 20 + rnorm(20, 0, 2))
icc(cbind(r1, r2, r3), "twoway")              # High consistency
icc(cbind(r1, r2, r3), "twoway", "agreement") # Low agreement

Example output

Loading required package: lpSolve
 Single Score Intraclass Correlation

   Model: twoway 
   Type : agreement 

   Subjects = 20 
     Raters = 3 
   ICC(A,1) = 0.198

 F-Test, H0: r0 = 0 ; H1: r0 > 0 
 F(19,39.7) = 1.83 , p = 0.0543 

 95%-Confidence Interval for ICC Population Values:
  -0.039 < ICC < 0.494
 Single Score Intraclass Correlation

   Model: twoway 
   Type : consistency 

   Subjects = 20 
     Raters = 3 
   ICC(C,1) = 0.904

 F-Test, H0: r0 = 0 ; H1: r0 > 0 
   F(19,38) = 29.4 , p = 4.51e-17 

 95%-Confidence Interval for ICC Population Values:
  0.812 < ICC < 0.958
 Single Score Intraclass Correlation

   Model: twoway 
   Type : agreement 

   Subjects = 20 
     Raters = 3 
   ICC(A,1) = 0.157

 F-Test, H0: r0 = 0 ; H1: r0 > 0 
 F(19,2.23) = 29.4 , p = 0.0245 

 95%-Confidence Interval for ICC Population Values:
  0 < ICC < 0.454

irr documentation built on Jan. 27, 2019, 1:04 a.m.