Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) See Also Examples

Calculate the geographic distance between two (sets of) points on the WGS ellipsoid (`lonlat=TRUE`

) or on a plane (`lonlat=FALSE`

). If both sets do not have the same number of points, the distance between each pair of points is given. If both sets have the same number of points, the distance between each point and the corresponding point in the other set is given, except if `allpairs=TRUE`

.

1 | ```
pointDistance(p1, p2, lonlat, allpairs=FALSE, ...)
``` |

`p1` |
x and y coordinate of first (set of) point(s), either as c(x, y), matrix(ncol=2), or SpatialPoints*. |

`p2` |
x and y coordinate of second (set of) second point(s) (like for |

`lonlat` |
logical. If |

`allpairs` |
logical. Only relevant if the number of points in |

`...` |
Additional arguments. None implemented |

A single value, or a vector, or matrix of values giving the distance in meters (lonlat=TRUE) or map-units (for instance, meters in the case of UTM)
If `p2`

is missing, a distance matrix is returned

Robert J. Hijmans and Jacob van Etten. The distance for longitude/latitude data uses GeographicLib by C.F.F. Karney

`distanceFromPoints, distance, gridDistance`

, `spDistsN1`

.
The `geosphere`

package has many additional distance functions and other functions that operate on spherical coordinates

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 | ```
a <- cbind(c(1,5,55,31),c(3,7,20,22))
b <- cbind(c(4,2,8,65),c(50,-90,20,32))
pointDistance(c(0, 0), c(1, 1), lonlat=FALSE)
pointDistance(c(0, 0), c(1, 1), lonlat=TRUE)
pointDistance(c(0, 0), a, lonlat=TRUE)
pointDistance(a, b, lonlat=TRUE)
#Make a distance matrix
dst <- pointDistance(a, lonlat=TRUE)
# coerce to dist object
dst <- as.dist(dst)
``` |

```
Loading required package: sp
[1] 1.414214
[1] 156899.6
[1] 349889.7 952593.2 6383965.5 4151286.9
[1] 5216833 10776024 4901277 3534636
```

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