cellSize: Area covered by each raster cell

cellSizeR Documentation

Area covered by each raster cell


Compute the area covered by individual raster cells. Computing the surface area of raster cells is particularly relevant for longitude/latitude rasters.

Note that for both angular (longitude/latitude) and for planar (projected) coordinate reference systems raster cells sizes are generally not constant, unless you are using an equal-area coordinate reference system.

For planar CRSs, the area is therefore not computed based on the linear units of the coordinate reference system, but on the *actual* area, correcting for distortion. If you do not want that, you can instead use init(x, prod(res(x)))


## S4 method for signature 'SpatRaster'
cellSize(x, mask=TRUE, unit="m", transform=TRUE, rcx=100, filename="", ...)





logical. If TRUE, cells that are NA in x are also NA in the output


character. One of "m", "km", or "ha"


logical. If TRUE, planar CRS data are transformed to lon/lat for accuracy


positive integer. The maximum number of rows and columns to be used to compute area of planar data if transform=TRUE. If x has more rows and/or columns, the raster is aggregated to match this limit, and values for the original cells are estimated by bilinear interpolation (see resample). This can save a lot of time


character. Output filename


additional arguments for writing files as in writeRaster


numeric. The area of each cell, expressed in square meters, square kilometers, or hectares.

See Also



# SpatRaster 
r <- rast(nrows=18, ncols=36)
v <- 1:ncell(r)
v[200:400] <- NA
values(r) <- v

# size of each raster cell
a <- cellSize(r)

# illustration of distortion
r <- rast(ncols=90, nrows=45, ymin=-80, ymax=80)
m <- project(r, "+proj=merc")

bad <- init(m, prod(res(m)) / 1000000, names="naive")
good <- cellSize(m, unit="km", names="corrected")
plot(c(good, bad), nc=1, mar=c(2,2,1,6))

terra documentation built on Nov. 18, 2022, 5:11 p.m.