# classify: Classify (or reclassify) cell values In terra: Spatial Data Analysis

## Description

Classify values of a SpatRaster. The function (re-)classifies groups of values to other values.

The classification is done based on the argument `rcl`. You can classify ranges by specifying a three-column matrix "from-to-becomes" or change specific values by using a two-column matrix "is-becomes". You can also supply a vector with "cuts" or the "number of cuts".

With "from-to-becomes" or "is-becomes" classification is done in the row order of the matrix. Thus, if there are overlapping ranges or values, the first time a number is within a range determines the reclassification value.

With "cuts" the values are sorted, so that the order in which they are provided does not matter.

## Usage

 ```1 2 3``` ```## S4 method for signature 'SpatRaster' classify(x, rcl, include.lowest=FALSE, right=TRUE, othersNA=FALSE, filename="", ...) ```

## Arguments

 `x` SpatRaster `rcl` matrix for classification. This matrix must have 1, 2 or 3 columns. If there are three columns, the first two columns are "from" "to" of the input values, and the third column "becomes" has the new value for that range. The two column matrix ("is", "becomes") can be useful for re-classifying integer values. In that case, the `right` argument is automatically set to `NA`. A single column matrix (or a vector) is interpreted as a set of cuts if there is more than one value. In that case the values are classified based on their location inbetween the cut-values. If a single number is provided, that is used to make that number of cuts, at equal intervals between the lowest and highest values of the SpatRaster. `include.lowest` logical, indicating if a value equal to the lowest value in `rcl` (or highest value in the second column, for `right=FALSE`) should be included. `right` logical, indicating if the intervals should be closed on the right (and open on the left) or vice versa. The default is `TRUE`. A special case is to use right=NA. In this case both the left and right intervals are open `othersNA` logical. If `TRUE`, values that are not matched become `NA`. If `FALSE`, they retain their original value. `filename` character. Output filename `...` Additional arguments for writing files as in `writeRaster`

SpatRaster

## Note

For model-based classification see `predict`

`subst` for simpler from-to replacement

## Examples

 ``` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32``` ```r <- rast(ncols=10, nrows=10) values(r) <- (0:99)/99 ## from-to-becomes # classify the values into three groups # all values >= 0 and <= 0.25 become 1, etc. m <- c(0, 0.25, 1, 0.25, 0.5, 2, 0.5, 1, 3) rclmat <- matrix(m, ncol=3, byrow=TRUE) rc1 <- classify(r, rclmat, include.lowest=TRUE) ## cuts # equivalent to the above rc2 <- classify(r, c(0, 0.25, 0.5, 1), include.lowest=TRUE) ## is-becomes x <- round(r*3) unique(x) # replace 0 with NA y <- classify(x, cbind(0, NA)) unique(y) # multiple replacements m <- rbind(c(2, 200), c(3, 300)) m rcx1 <- classify(x, m) unique(rcx1) rcx2 <- classify(x, m, othersNA=TRUE) unique(rcx2) ```

### Example output

```terra version 0.9.8
lyr.1
[1,]     0
[2,]     1
[3,]     2
[4,]     3
lyr.1
[1,]     1
[2,]     2
[3,]     3
[,1] [,2]
[1,]    2  200
[2,]    3  300
lyr.1
[1,]     0
[2,]     1
[3,]   200
[4,]   300
lyr.1
[1,]   200
[2,]   300
```

terra documentation built on Aug. 20, 2021, 9:07 a.m.