read10xMolInfo: Read the 10X molecule information file

View source: R/read10xMolInfo.R

read10xMolInfoR Documentation

Read the 10X molecule information file


Extract relevant fields from the molecule information HDF5 file, produced by CellRanger for 10X Genomics data.


  barcode.length = NULL,
  keep.unmapped = FALSE,
  get.cell = TRUE,
  get.umi = TRUE,
  get.gem = TRUE,
  get.gene = TRUE,
  get.reads = TRUE,
  get.library = TRUE, = FALSE,
  version = c("auto", "2", "3")



A string containing the path to the molecule information HDF5 file.


An integer scalar specifying the length of the cell barcode. Only relevant when version="2".


A logical scalar indicating whether unmapped molecules should be reported.

get.cell, get.umi, get.gem, get.gene, get.reads, get.library

Logical scalar indicating whether the corresponding field should be extracted for each molecule.

Logical scalar indicating whether the library information should be extracted. Only relevant when version="3".


String specifying the version of the 10X molecule information format to read data from.


Molecules that were not assigned to any gene have gene set to length(genes)+1. By default, these are removed when keep.unmapped=FALSE.

CellRanger 3.0 introduced a major change in the format of the molecule information files. When version="auto", the function will attempt to determine the version format of the file. This can also be user-specified by setting version explicitly.

For files produced by version 2.2 of the CellRanger software, the length of the cell barcode is not given. Instead, the barcode length is automatically inferred if barcode.length=NULL and version="2". Currently, version 1 of the 10X chemistry uses 14 nt barcodes, while version 2 uses 16 nt barcodes.

Setting any of the get.* arguments will (generally) avoid extraction of the corresponding field. This can improve efficiency if that field is not necessary for further analysis. Aside from the missing field, the results are guaranteed to be identical, i.e., same order and number of rows.


A named list is returned containing data, a DataFrame where each row corresponds to a single transcript molecule. This contains the following fields:


Character, the cell barcode for each molecule.


Integer, the processed UMI barcode in 2-bit encoding.


Integer, the GEM group.


Integer, the index of the gene to which the molecule was assigned. This refers to an entry in the genes vector, see below.


Integer, the number of reads mapped to this molecule.


Integer, the number of reads mapped to this molecule.


Integer, the library index in cases where multiple libraries are present in the same file. Only reported when version="3".

A field will not be present in the DataFrame if the corresponding get.* argument is FALSE,

The second element of the list is genes, a character vector containing the names of all genes in the annotation. This is indexed by the gene field in the data DataFrame.

If version="3", a feature.type entry is added to the list. This is a character vector of the same length as genes, containing the feature type for each gene.

If, an additional element named is returned. This is a list of lists containing per-library information such as the "library_type". The library field in the data DataFrame indexes this list.


Aaron Lun, based on code by Jonathan Griffiths


Zheng GX, Terry JM, Belgrader P, and others (2017). Massively parallel digital transcriptional profiling of single cells. Nat Commun 8:14049.

10X Genomics (2017). Molecule info.

10X Genomics (2018). Molecule info.

See Also

makeCountMatrix, which creates a count matrix from this information.


# Mocking up some 10X HDF5-formatted data.
out <- DropletUtils:::simBasicMolInfo(tempfile())

# Reading the resulting file.

MarioniLab/DropletUtils documentation built on Nov. 12, 2023, 6:13 a.m.