# R/modular.complexity.r In PABalland/EconGeo: Computing Key Indicators of the Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities

#### Documented in modular.complexity

#' Compute a measure of modular complexity of patent documents
#'
#' This function computes a measure of modular complexity of patent documents from technological classes - patents (incidence) matrices
#' @param mat A bipartite adjacency matrix (can be a sparse matrix)
#' @param sparse Logical; is the input matrix a sparse matrix? Defaults to FALSE, but can be set to TRUE if the input matrix is a sparse matrix
#' @param list Logical; is the input a list? Defaults to FALSE (input = adjacency matrix), but can be set to TRUE if the input is an edge list
#' @keywords complexity
#' @export
#' @examples
#' ## generate a technology - patent matrix
#' set.seed(31)
#' mat <- matrix(sample(0:1,30,replace=T), ncol = 5)
#' rownames(mat) <- c ("T1", "T2", "T3", "T4", "T5", "T6")
#' colnames(mat) <- c ("US1", "US2", "US3", "US4", "US5")
#'
#' ## run the function
#' modular.complexity (mat)
#'
#' ## generate a technology - patent sparse matrix
#' library (Matrix)
#'
#' ## run the function
#' smat <- Matrix(mat,sparse=TRUE)
#'
#' modular.complexity (smat, sparse = TRUE)
#' ## generate a regular data frame (list)
#' list <- get.list (mat)
#'
#' ## run the function
#' modular.complexity (list, list = TRUE)
#' @author Pierre-Alexandre Balland \email{p.balland@uu.nl}
#' @references Fleming, L. and Sorenson, O. (2001) Technology as a complex adaptive system: evidence from patent data, \emph{Research Policy} \strong{30}: 1019-1039

modular.complexity <- function(mat, sparse = FALSE, list = FALSE) {

library (Matrix)

if (!list) {

if (!sparse) {

mat <- Matrix(mat,sparse=TRUE)
cooc =   mat %*% Matrix::t(mat)
diag(cooc) <- 0
cooc[cooc > 1] <- 1

Ease <- Matrix::rowSums(cooc)/Matrix::rowSums(mat)

IntPat <- Matrix::colSums (mat) / (Matrix::t(mat) %*% Ease)
IntPat[is.infinite(IntPat)] <- 0

IntPat2 <- data.frame (patent = colnames (mat),
mod.comp = round(as.numeric (IntPat), 5))

} else {

cooc =   mat %*% Matrix::t(mat)
diag(cooc) <- 0
cooc[cooc > 1] <- 1

Ease <- Matrix::rowSums(cooc)/Matrix::rowSums(mat)

IntPat <- Matrix::colSums (mat) / (Matrix::t(mat) %*% Ease)
IntPat[is.infinite(IntPat)] <- 0

IntPat2 <- data.frame (patent = colnames (mat),
mod.comp = round (as.numeric (IntPat),5))

}

} else {

mat <- get.matrix(mat, sparse = TRUE)
cooc = mat %*% Matrix::t(mat)
diag(cooc) <- 0
summ <- Matrix::summary(cooc)
summ$x[summ$x>1] = 1
x = get.matrix(summ, sparse = T)
colnames (x) = colnames (cooc)
rownames (x) = rownames (cooc)
cooc = x
Ease <- Matrix::rowSums(cooc)/Matrix::rowSums(mat)
IntPat <- Matrix::colSums(mat)/(Matrix::t(mat) %*% Ease)
IntPat[is.infinite(IntPat)] <- 0
IntPat2 <- data.frame(patent = colnames(mat), mod.comp = round(as.numeric(IntPat), 5))

}

return(IntPat2)
}

PABalland/EconGeo documentation built on Nov. 13, 2020, 2:50 a.m.