tests/testthat/test-g01-qp.R

# TODO_NARAS_11: This test is pretty time consuming. Move to manual group?
context("test-g01-qp")
TOL <- 1e-6

a <- Variable(name = "a")
b <- Variable(name = "b")
c <- Variable(name = "c")

x <- Variable(2, name = "x")
y <- Variable(3, name = "y")
z <- Variable(2, name = "z")
w <- Variable(5, name = "w")

A <- Variable(2, 2, name = "A")
B <- Variable(2, 2, name = "B")
C <- Variable(3, 2, name = "C")

slope <- Variable(1, name = "slope")
offset <- Variable(1, name = "offset")
quadratic_coeff <- Variable(1, name = "quadratic_coeff")

Tlen <- 100
position <- Variable(2, Tlen, name = "position")
velocity <- Variable(2, Tlen, name = "velocity")
force <- Variable(2, Tlen - 1, name = "force")

xs <- Variable(80, name = "xs")
xsr <- Variable(200, name = "xsr")
xef <- Variable(80, name = "xef")

# Check for all installed QP solvers
solvers <- installed_solvers()
## On CRAN skip CPLEX, since I believe there are some
## false positive failures. So skip CPLEX
solvers  <-  setdiff(solvers, "CPLEX")

solvers <- solvers[solvers %in% CVXR:::QP_SOLVERS]
## if("MOSEK" %in% installed_solvers())
##   solvers <- c(solvers, "MOSEK")

solve_QP <- function(problem, solver_name) {
  solve(problem, solver = solver_name, verbose = TRUE)
}

test_quad_over_lin <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  p <- Problem(Minimize(0.5 * quad_over_lin(abs(x-1), 1)), list(x <= -1))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), matrix(c(-1, -1)), tolerance = 1e-4)

  for(con in constraints(p))
    expect_equal(result$getDualValue(con), matrix(c(2, 2)), tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_abs <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  u <- Variable(2)
  constr <- list()
  constr <- c(constr, abs(u[2] - u[1]) <= 100)
  prob <- Problem(Minimize(sum_squares(u)), constr)
  print(paste("The problem is QP: ", is_qp(prob), sep = ""))
  expect_true(is_qp(prob))
  result <- solve(prob, solver = solver)
  expect_equal(result$value, 0, tolerance = TOL)
}

test_power <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  p <- Problem(Minimize(sum(power(x, 2))), list())
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), matrix(c(0, 0)), tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_power_matrix <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  p <- Problem(Minimize(sum(power(A - 3, 2))), list())
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), matrix(3, nrow = 2, ncol = 2), tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_square_affine <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(10*2), nrow = 10, ncol = 2)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(10), nrow = 10, ncol = 1)
  p <- Problem(Minimize(sum_squares(A %*% x - b)))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)

  x_star <- base::solve(qr(A),b)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), x_star, tolerance = 0.1)
}

test_quad_form <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(5*5), nrow = 5, ncol = 5)
  z <- matrix(rnorm(5), nrow = 5, ncol = 1)
  P <- t(A) %*% A
  q <- -2*P %*% z
  p <- Problem(Minimize(quad_form(w, P) + t(q) %*% w))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), z, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_affine_problem <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(5*2), nrow = 5, ncol = 2)
  A <- pmax(A, 0)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(5), nrow = 5, ncol = 1)
  b <- pmax(b, 0)
  p <- Problem(Minimize(sum_entries(x)), list(x >= 0, A %*% x <= b))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), matrix(c(0, 0)), tolerance = 1e-3)
}

test_maximize_problem <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(5*2), nrow = 5, ncol = 2)
  A <- pmax(A, 0)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(5), nrow = 5, ncol = 1)
  b <- pmax(b, 0)
  p <- Problem(Maximize(-sum_entries(x)), list(x >= 0, A %*% x <= b))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), matrix(c(0, 0)), tolerance = 1e-3)
}

test_norm_2 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(10*5), nrow = 10, ncol = 5)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(10), nrow = 10)
  p <- Problem(Minimize(p_norm(A %*% w - b, 2)))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)

  x_star <- base::solve(qr(A),b)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), x_star, tolerance = 0.1)
}

test_mat_norm_2 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(5*3), nrow = 5, ncol = 3)
  B <- matrix(rnorm(5*2), nrow = 5, ncol = 2)
  p <- Problem(Minimize(p_norm(A %*% C - B, 2)))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)

  C_star <- base::solve(qr(A),B)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), C_star, tolerance = 0.1)
}

test_quad_form_coeff <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  A <- matrix(rnorm(5*5), nrow = 5, ncol = 5)
  z <- matrix(rnorm(5), nrow = 5, ncol = 1)
  P <- t(A) %*% A
  q <- -2*P %*% z
  p <- Problem(Minimize(quad_form(w, P) + t(q) %*% w))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), z, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_quad_form_bound <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  P <- rbind(c(13, 12, -2), c(12, 17, 6), c(-2, 6, 12))
  q <- matrix(c(-22, -14.5, 13))
  r <- 1
  y_star <- matrix(c(1, 0.5, -1))
  p <- Problem(Minimize(0.5*quad_form(y, P) + t(q) %*% y + r),
               list(y >= -1, y <= 1))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  for(var in variables(p))
    expect_equal(result$getValue(var), y_star, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_regression_1 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  # Number of examples to use
  n <- 100

  # Specify the true value of the variable
  true_coeffs <- matrix(c(2, -2, 0.5), ncol = 1)

  # Generate data
  x_data <- 5*rnorm(n)
  x_data_expanded <- sapply(1:3, function(i) { x_data^i })
  y_data <- x_data_expanded %*% true_coeffs + 0.5*runif(n)

  line <- offset + slope*x_data
  residuals <- line - y_data
  fit_error <- sum_squares(residuals)
  p <- Problem(Minimize(fit_error), list())
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)

  model <- lm(y_data ~ x_data)
  expect_equal(sum((model$residuals)^2), result$value, tolerance = 1e-4)
  expect_equal(as.numeric(model$coefficients[1]), result$getValue(offset), tolerance = 1e-4)
  expect_equal(as.numeric(model$coefficients[2]), result$getValue(slope), tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_regression_2 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  # Number of examples to use
  n <- 100

  # Specify the true value of the variable
  true_coeffs <- matrix(c(2, -2, 0.5), ncol = 1)

  # Generate data
  x_data <- 5*rnorm(n)
  x_data_expanded <- sapply(1:3, function(i) { x_data^i })
  y_data <- x_data_expanded %*% true_coeffs + 0.5*runif(n)

  quadratic <- offset + slope*x_data + quadratic_coeff*x_data^2
  residuals <- quadratic - y_data
  fit_error <- sum_squares(residuals)
  p <- Problem(Minimize(fit_error), list())
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)

  x_data_sq <- x_data^2
  model <- lm(y_data ~ x_data + x_data_sq)
  expect_equal(sum((model$residuals)^2), result$value, tolerance = 1e-4)
  expect_equal(as.numeric(model$coefficients[1]), result$getValue(offset), tolerance = 1e-4)
  expect_equal(as.numeric(model$coefficients[2]), result$getValue(slope), tolerance = 1e-4)
  expect_equal(as.numeric(model$coefficients[3]), result$getValue(quadratic_coeff), tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_control <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  # Some constraints on our motion
  # The object should start from the origin, and end at rest
  initial_velocity <- c(-20, 100)
  final_position <- c(100, 100)

  Tlen <- 100  # The number of timesteps
  h <- 0.1  # The time between time intervals
  mass <- 1  # Mass of object
  drag <- 0.1  # Drag on object
  g <- c(0, -9.8)  # Gravity on object

  # Create a problem instance
  constraints = list()

  # Add constraints on our variables
  for(i in 1:(Tlen - 1)) {
    constraints <- c(constraints, position[,i+1] == position[,i] + h*velocity[,i])
    acceleration <- force[,i]/mass + g - drag*velocity[,i]
    constraints <- c(constraints, velocity[,i+1] == velocity[,i] + h*acceleration)
  }

  # Add position constraints
  constraints <- c(constraints, position[,1] == 0)
  constraints <- c(constraints, position[,ncol(position)] == final_position)

  # Add velocity constraints
  constraints <- c(constraints, velocity[,1] == initial_velocity)
  constraints <- c(constraints, velocity[,ncol(velocity)] == 0)

  # Solve the problem
  p <- Problem(Minimize(.01*sum_squares(force)), constraints)
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  expect_equal(178.500, result$value, tolerance = 0.1)
}

test_sparse_system <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  library(Matrix)
  m <- 100
  n <- 80

  density <- 0.4
  A <- rsparsematrix(m, n, density)
  b <- rnorm(m)

  p <- Problem(Minimize(sum_squares(A %*% xs - b)), list(xs == 0))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  expect_equal(sum(b^2), result$value, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_smooth_ridge <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  n <- 200
  k <- 50
  eta <- 1

  A <- matrix(1, nrow = k, ncol = n)
  b <- rep(1, k)
  obj <- sum_squares(A %*% xsr - b) + eta*sum_squares(diff(xsr))
  p <- Problem(Minimize(obj), list())
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  expect_equal(0, result$value, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_huber_small <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  # Solve the Huber regression problem
    x <- Variable(3)
  objective <- sum(huber(x))

  # Solve problem with QP
  p <- Problem(Minimize(objective), list(x[3] >= 3))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  expect_equal(3, result$getValue(x[3]), tolerance = 1e-4)
  expect_equal(5, result$getValue(objective), tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_huber <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  library(Matrix)

  # Generate problem data
  n <- 3
  m <- 5

  set.seed(1)
  A <- rsparsematrix(m, n, density=0.8)
  x_true <- matrix(rnorm(n), ncol = 1)/sqrt(n)
  ind95 <- as.numeric(rnorm(m) < 0.95)
  b <- A %*% x_true + 0.5*rnorm(m)*ind95 + 10*runif(m)*(1 - ind95)

  # Solve the Huber regression problem
  x <- Variable(n)
  objective <- sum(CVXR::huber(A %*% x - b))

  # Solve problem with QP
  p <- Problem(Minimize(objective))
  result <- solve_QP(p, solver)
  expect_equal(result$getValue(objective), 0.14427356210544268, tolerance = 1e-3)
  expect_equal(result$getValue(x), matrix(c(0.19534822, 0.56081768, -0.02134507)), tolerance = 1e-3)
}

test_equivalent_forms_1 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  m <- 100
  n <- 80
  r <- 70

  set.seed(1)
  A <- matrix(rnorm(m*n), nrow = m, ncol = n)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(m), ncol = 1)
  G <- matrix(rnorm(r*n), nrow = r, ncol = n)
  h <- matrix(rnorm(r), ncol = 1)

  obj1 <- 0.1*sum((A %*% xef - b)^2)
  cons <- list(G %*% xef == h)

  p1 <- Problem(Minimize(obj1), cons)
  result <- solve_QP(p1, solver)
  expect_equal(result$value, 62.2204590894, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_equivalent_forms_2 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  m <- 100
  n <- 80
  r <- 70

  set.seed(1)
  A <- matrix(rnorm(m*n), nrow = m, ncol = n)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(m), ncol = 1)
  G <- matrix(rnorm(r*n), nrow = r, ncol = n)
  h <- matrix(rnorm(r), ncol = 1)

  # ||Ax-b||^2 = x^T (A^T A) x - 2(A^T b)^T x + ||b||^2
  P <- t(A) %*% A
  q <- -2*t(A) %*% b
  r <- t(b) %*% b

  obj2 <- 0.1*(quad_form(xef, P) + t(q) %*% xef + r)
  cons <- list(G %*% xef == h)

  p2 <- Problem(Minimize(obj2), cons)
  result <- solve_QP(p2, solver)
  expect_equal(result$value, 62.2204590894, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_equivalent_forms_3 <- function(solver) {
    skip_on_cran()
  m <- 100
  n <- 80
  r <- 70

  set.seed(1)
  A <- matrix(rnorm(m*n), nrow = m, ncol = n)
  b <- matrix(rnorm(m), ncol = 1)
  G <- matrix(rnorm(r*n), nrow = r, ncol = n)
  h <- matrix(rnorm(r), ncol = 1)

  # ||Ax-b||^2 = x^T (A^T A) x - 2(A^T b)^T x + ||b||^2
  P <- t(A) %*% A
  q <- -2*t(A) %*% b
  r <- t(b) %*% b
  Pinv <- base::solve(P)

  obj3 <- 0.1 * (matrix_frac(xef, Pinv) + t(q) %*% xef + r)
  cons <- list(G %*% xef == h)

  p3 <- Problem(Minimize(obj3), cons)
  result <- solve_QP(p3, solver)
  expect_equal(result$value, 62.2204590894, tolerance = 1e-4)
}

test_that("test all solvers", {
    skip_on_cran()
  for(solver in solvers) {
    test_quad_over_lin(solver)
    test_power(solver)
    test_power_matrix(solver)
    test_square_affine(solver)
    test_quad_form(solver)
    test_affine_problem(solver)
    test_maximize_problem(solver)
    test_abs(solver)

    # Do we need the following functionality?
    # test_norm_2(solver)
    # test_mat_norm_2(solver)

    test_quad_form_coeff(solver)
    test_quad_form_bound(solver)
    test_regression_1(solver)
    test_regression_2(solver)

    # Slow tests:
    test_control(solver)
    test_sparse_system(solver)
    test_smooth_ridge(solver)
    test_huber_small(solver)
    #test_huber(solver)
    test_equivalent_forms_1(solver)
    test_equivalent_forms_2(solver)
    test_equivalent_forms_3(solver)
  }
})

test_that("Test warm start", {
    skip_on_cran()
  m <- 200
  n <- 100

  A <- matrix(rnorm(m*n), nrow = m, ncol = n)
  b <- Parameter(m)

  # Construct the problem.
  x <- Variable(n)

  value(b) <- rnorm(m)
  prob <- Problem(Minimize(sum_squares(A %*% x - b)))
  result <- solve(prob, warm_start=FALSE)
  result2 <- solve(prob, warm_start=TRUE)
  expect_equal(result$value, result2$value)

  value(b) <- rnorm(m)
  prob <- Problem(Minimize(sum_squares(A %*% x - b)))
  result <- solve(prob, warm_start=TRUE)
  result2 <- solve(prob, warm_start=FALSE)
  expect_equal(result$value, result2$value)
})

test_that("Test solve parametric vs. full problem", {
    skip_on_cran()
  x <- Variable()
  a <- 10
  # b_vec <- c(-10, -2., 2., 3., 10.)
  b_vec <- c(-10, -2.)

  for(solver in solvers) {
    # Solve from scratch with no parameters
    x_full <- list()
    obj_full <- c()
    for(b in b_vec) {
      obj <- Minimize(a*x^2 + b*x)
      constraints <- list(0 <= x, x <= 1)
      prob <- Problem(obj, constraints)
      result <- solve(prob, solver=solver)
      x_full <- c(x_full, list(result$getValue(x)))
      obj_full <- c(obj_full, result$value)
    }

    # Solve parametric
    x_param <- list()
    obj_param <- c()
    b <- Parameter()
    constraints <- list(0 <= x, x <= 1)
    for(b_value in b_vec) {
      value(b) <- b_value
      prob <- Problem(Minimize(a*x^2 + b*x), constraints)
      result <- solve(prob, solver=solver)
      x_param <- c(x_param, list(result$getValue(x)))
      obj_param <- c(obj_param, result$value)
    }

    print(x_full)
    print(x_param)
    for(i in seq_along(b_vec)) {
      expect_equal(x_full[[i]], x_param[[i]], tolerance = 1e-3)
      expect_equal(obj_full[i], obj_param[i], tolerance = TOL)
    }
  }
})

test_that("Test issue arising with square plus parameter", {
    skip_on_cran()
    a <- Parameter(value=1)
    b <- Variable()

    obj <- Minimize(b^2 + abs(a))
    prob <- Problem(obj)
    result <- solve(prob)
    expect_equal(result$value, 1.0)
})
anqif/cvxr documentation built on Jan. 31, 2020, 11:52 p.m.