R/rasterizeTRMMbin.R

Defines functions rasterizeTRMMbin

Documented in rasterizeTRMMbin

#' Rasterize TRMM 3B42 Binary Data
#'
#' @description
#' Rasterize a single TRMM 3B42 binary file (.bin).
#'
#' @param x \code{character}. TRMM 3B42 endian binary (.bin) file.
#' @param meta \code{character}. Metadata file (.xml) associated with 'x'.
#' @param write_out \code{logical}. Enables output storage.
#'
#' @return
#' A \code{RasterLayer} object.
#'
#' @author
#' Florian Detsch
#'
#' @seealso
#' \code{\link{readBin}}, \code{\link{getTRMM}}.
#'
#' @references
#' GES DISC (2010) Readme for TRMM Product 3B42 (v6). Available online:
#' \url{ftp://ftp.iap.ac.cn/ftp/ds107_TRMM-3B42_0.25_3hour_hdf/TRMM_3B42_readme.htm}.
#'
#' @examples
#' ## see ?rasterizeTRMM
#'
#' @export rasterizeTRMMbin
#' @name rasterizeTRMMbin
rasterizeTRMMbin <- function(x, meta, write_out = TRUE) {

  ## import metadata
  ch_meta <- readLines(meta)

  ## extract bounding box
  num_bbox <- sapply(c("WestBoundingCoordinate", "NorthBoundingCoordinate",
                       "EastBoundingCoordinate", "SouthBoundingCoordinate"),
                     function(i) {

                       tmp_int_id <- grep(i, ch_meta)
                       tmp_ch_crd <- ch_meta[tmp_int_id]

                       tmp_ch_crd <- gsub(" ", "", tmp_ch_crd)
                       tmp_ch_crd <- gsub("/", "", tmp_ch_crd)
                       tmp_ls_crd <- strsplit(tmp_ch_crd, paste0("<", i, ">"))
                       tmp_ch_crd <- unlist(tmp_ls_crd)[[2]]
                       tmp_ls_crd <- strsplit(tmp_ch_crd, paste0("</", i, ">"))
                       tmp_ch_crd <- unlist(tmp_ls_crd)
                       tmp_num_crd <- as.numeric(tmp_ch_crd)

                       return(tmp_num_crd)
                     })

  ## number of rows and columns
  int_ncols <- (num_bbox[3] - num_bbox[1]) / 0.25
  int_nrows <- (num_bbox[2] - num_bbox[4]) / 0.25

  ## build world grid
  rst_trmm <- raster::raster(nrows = int_nrows, ncols = int_ncols,
                             xmn = num_bbox[1]-180, xmx = num_bbox[3]-180,
                             ymn = num_bbox[4], ymx = num_bbox[2])
  rst_trmm <- raster::setValues(rst_trmm, 0)

  ## import binary rainfall data
  num_val <- readBin(x, "double", n = int_ncols * int_nrows, size = 4,
                     endian = "big")

  ## insert values into raster template and save
  ## (taken from https://stat.ethz.ch/pipermail/r-sig-geo/attachments/20110913/5ece92b0/attachment.pl)
  rst_trmm[] <- num_val

  ch_fls_out <- gsub("\\.", "_", basename(x))
  ch_fls_out <- paste(dirname(x), substr(ch_fls_out, 1, nchar(ch_fls_out)-4),
                      sep = "/")

  rst_trmm <- raster::flip(rst_trmm, direction = "y",
                           filename = ifelse(write_out, ch_fls_out, ""),
                           format = "GTiff", overwrite = TRUE)

  return(rst_trmm)
}
environmentalinformatics-marburg/heavyRain documentation built on April 28, 2018, 6:32 p.m.