R/irl_graph.R

Defines functions irl_graph

Documented in irl_graph

#'@name irl_graph
#'@title Generate an irregular landscape graph
#'@description Subset the nodes in a matrix of cost values based on user defined point-of-interest coordinates, a user-defined importance cutoff, and a randomly selected proportion of non-null cells. Generate a graph object from this subset using delaunay triangulation.
#'@param dm matrix of 2d cost values
#'@param poicoords matrix 2 column point-of-interest coordinates
#'@param grainprop numeric proportion of cells selected as grain cells
#'@param cutoff numeric user-defined importance cutoff
#'@param irregular logical skip irregular node subsetting routine?
#'@import sp
#'@importFrom Matrix Matrix
#'@importFrom igraph graph.adjacency E
#'@importFrom raster raster extract boundaries cellFromCol cellFromRow cellFromXY xyFromCell
#'@importFrom geometry delaunayn
#'@export
#'@examples \dontrun{
#'
#'dm <- matrix(
#'c(1,  1,  1,  1,  1,
#'  NA, NA, NA, NA, 1, 
#'  1,  1,  1,  1,  1,
#'  1,  1,  1,  1,  1,
#'  1,  1,  1,  1,  1
#'  ), ncol = 5, byrow = TRUE)
#'  
#'sp::plot(raster::raster(dm))
#'raster::text(raster::raster(dm), which(raster::raster(dm)[] == 1))
#'
#'graph <- irl_graph(dm)
#'plot(graph$graph)
#'geometry::trimesh(graph$tri$tri, graph$allcoords)
#'}

irl_graph <- function(dm, poicoords = NA, grainprop = 0.25, cutoff = 0, irregular = TRUE){
  csurf <- raster::raster(nrows = dim(dm)[1], ncols = dim(dm)[2], resolution = 1, xmn = 0, xmx = dim(dm)[1], ymn = 0, ymx = dim(dm)[2])
  csurf[] <- dm
  
  get_cells <- function(dm, grainprop, poicoords, cutoff = 0){
    
    csurf <- raster::raster(nrows = dim(dm)[1], ncols = dim(dm)[2], resolution = 1, xmn = 0, xmx = dim(dm)[1], ymn = 0, ymx = dim(dm)[2])
    csurf[] <- dm
    
    xmax <- dim(csurf)[1]
    ymax <- dim(csurf)[2]
    
    allcells <- raster::rasterToPoints(is.na(csurf))
    nullcells <- which(is.na(raster::extract(csurf,allcells[,1:2])))
    limitcells <- c(raster::cellFromRow(csurf, c(1, ymax)), raster::cellFromCol(csurf, c(1, xmax)))
    limitcells <- limitcells[!(limitcells %in% nullcells)]
    limitcells <- c(limitcells,which(raster::extract(raster::boundaries(csurf),allcells[,1:2]) == 1))
    limitcells <- limitcells[!duplicated(limitcells)]
    
    #allow for user-defined "importance cutoff"
    focalsurf <- raster::focal(csurf, w = matrix(1/9, nrow = 3, ncol = 3), sd)
    vipcells <- which(focalsurf[] > cutoff)
    vipcells <- vipcells[!(vipcells %in% limitcells)]
    vipcells <- vipcells[!(vipcells %in% nullcells)]
    
    uncells <- raster::cellFromXY(csurf, allcells)[!raster::cellFromXY(csurf, allcells) %in% c(nullcells, vipcells, limitcells)]
    
    graincells <- sample(uncells, length(uncells) * grainprop)
    
    poicells<-NULL
    if(length(poicoords)>1){
    poicells <- apply(poicoords, 1, function(x) raster::cellFromXY(csurf, x))
    }
    
    cells <- c(limitcells, vipcells, graincells, poicells)
    cells <- cells[!duplicated(cells)]
    cells <- cells[order(cells)]
    
    return(list(cells = cells, nullcells = nullcells, limitcells = limitcells, vipcells = vipcells, graincells = graincells, poicells = poicells, allcells = which(allcells[,3]==0)))
  }
  
  cells <- get_cells(dm = dm, poicoords = poicoords, grainprop = grainprop, cutoff = cutoff)
  
  #cells contains all the cells in the following block
  poicells <- cells$poicells
  limitcells <- cells$limitcells
  vipcells <- cells$vipcells
  graincells <- cells$graincells
  
  nullcells <- cells$nullcells
  nullcoords <- raster::xyFromCell(csurf, nullcells)[,1:2]
  
  if(irregular == TRUE){
    cells <- cells$cells
  }else{
    cells <- cells$allcells
  }
  cellcoords <- raster::xyFromCell(csurf, cells)[,1:2]
  
  allcells <- c(cells, nullcells)
  allcells <- allcells[order(allcells)]
  allcoords <- rbind(cellcoords, nullcoords)
  allcoords <- allcoords[order(-allcoords[,2], allcoords[,1]),]

  #create graph====================================================#
  create_tri <- function(cellcoords){
    #deldir::deldir(cellcoords[,1], cellcoords[,2], suppressMsge = TRUE)
    
    tri <- geometry::delaunayn(cellcoords)
    #trimesh(tri, allcoords)
    
    nodes <- rbind(tri[,-1], tri[,-2], tri[,-3])
    nodes <- nodes[order(nodes[,1]),]
    list(nodes = nodes[!duplicated(paste(nodes[,1], nodes[,2])),], tri = tri)
  }
  
  dtri <- create_tri(allcoords)
  #trimesh(dtri$tri, allcoords)
  
  #create adjacency matrix===========================================#
  create_adjmat <- function(dtri, cells){
    
    orig <- allcells[dtri$nodes[,1]]
    neigh <- allcells[dtri$nodes[,2]]
    
    keep <- !(orig %in% nullcells) & !(neigh %in% nullcells)
    orig <- orig[keep]
    neigh <- neigh[keep]
    elist <- cbind(orig, neigh)
    
    edgelengths<-rep(1, nrow(elist))
    celldiff <- elist[,1] - elist [,2]
    longedges<-which(!celldiff %in% c(1, dim(csurf)[1]))
    longedgecoords_from<-raster::xyFromCell(csurf, elist[longedges,1])
    longedgecoords_to<-raster::xyFromCell(csurf, elist[longedges,2])
    
    elength_from_coords <- function(from, to){
      a <- from[,1] - to[,1]
      b <- from[,2] - to[,2]
      sqrt(a^2 + b^2)
    }
    
    edgelengths[longedges] <- elength_from_coords(longedgecoords_from, longedgecoords_to)
    
    #edgelengths[longedges] <- apply(cbind(longedgecoords_from, longedgecoords_to), 1, function(x) elength_from_coords(x[1:2], x[3:4]))
    
    #if(length(unique(elist[,1]))!=length(cells)){
    #  warning("Mismatch between edgelist and nonnull cells")
    #}
    
    datavals <- cbind(raster::getValues(csurf)[elist[,1]], raster::getValues(csurf)[elist[,2]])
    datavals <- apply(datavals, 1, function(x) mean(x, na.rm = TRUE))
    
    adjmat <- Matrix::Matrix(0, nrow = raster::ncell(csurf), ncol =  raster::ncell(csurf))
    adjmat[elist] <- as.vector(1 / (datavals * edgelengths))
    #adjmat<-Matrix::forceSymmetric(adjmat)
    #as(adjmat, "symmetricMatrix")
    adjmat
  }
  
  adjmat <- create_adjmat(dtri, cells)
  
  egraph2 <- igraph::graph.adjacency(adjmat, mode = "directed", weighted = TRUE)
  igraph::E(egraph2)$weight <- 1 / igraph::E(egraph2)$weight 
  
  list(cells = cells, cellcoords = cellcoords, nullcells = nullcells, graph = egraph2, tri = dtri, limitcells = limitcells, vipcells = vipcells, graincells = graincells, poicells = poicells, allcoords = allcoords)
}
jsta/irlgraph documentation built on May 18, 2017, 10:45 a.m.