lee.mc: Permutation test for Lee's L statistic

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/lee.mc.R

Description

A permutation test for Lee's L statistic calculated by using nsim random permutations of x and y for the given spatial weighting scheme, to establish the rank of the observed statistic in relation to the nsim simulated values.

Usage

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lee.mc(x, y, listw, nsim, zero.policy=NULL, alternative="greater",
 na.action=na.fail, spChk=NULL, return_boot=FALSE)

Arguments

x

a numeric vector the same length as the neighbours list in listw

y

a numeric vector the same length as the neighbours list in listw

listw

a listw object created for example by nb2listw

nsim

number of permutations

zero.policy

default NULL, use global option value; if TRUE assign zero to the lagged value of zones without neighbours, if FALSE assign NA

alternative

a character string specifying the alternative hypothesis, must be one of "greater" (default), or "less".

na.action

a function (default na.fail), can also be na.omit or na.exclude - in these cases the weights list will be subsetted to remove NAs in the data. It may be necessary to set zero.policy to TRUE because this subsetting may create no-neighbour observations. Note that only weights lists created without using the glist argument to nb2listw may be subsetted. na.pass is not permitted because it is meaningless in a permutation test.

spChk

should the data vector names be checked against the spatial objects for identity integrity, TRUE, or FALSE, default NULL to use get.spChkOption()

return_boot

return an object of class boot from the equivalent permutation bootstrap rather than an object of class htest

Value

A list with class htest and mc.sim containing the following components:

statistic

the value of the observed Lee's L.

parameter

the rank of the observed Lee's L.

p.value

the pseudo p-value of the test.

alternative

a character string describing the alternative hypothesis.

method

a character string giving the method used.

data.name

a character string giving the name(s) of the data, and the number of simulations.

res

nsim simulated values of statistic, final value is observed statistic

Author(s)

Roger Bivand, Virgilio Gómez-Rubio Virgilio.Gomez@uclm.es

References

Lee (2001). Developing a bivariate spatial association measure: An integration of Pearson's r and Moran's I. J Geograph Syst 3: 369-385

See Also

lee

Examples

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data(boston, package="spData")
lw<-nb2listw(boston.soi)

x<-boston.c$CMEDV
y<-boston.c$CRIM

lee.mc(x, y, nsim=99, lw, zero.policy=TRUE, alternative="less")

#Test with missing values
x[1:5]<-NA
y[3:7]<-NA

lee.mc(x, y, nsim=99, lw, zero.policy=TRUE, alternative="less", 
   na.action=na.omit)

r-spatial/spdep documentation built on Sept. 14, 2021, 11:48 p.m.