pyrifos: Response of Aquatic Invertebrates to Insecticide Treatment

Description Usage Format Details Source References Examples


The data are log transformed abundances of aquatic invertebrate in twelve ditches studied in eleven times before and after an insecticide treatment.




A data frame with 132 observations on the log-transformed (log(10*x + 1)) abundances of 178 species. There are only twelve sites (ditches, mesocosms), but these were studied repeatedly in eleven occasions. The treatment levels, treatment times, or ditch ID's are not in the data frame, but the data are very regular, and the example below shows how to obtain these external variables.


This data set was obtained from an experiment in outdoor experimental ditches. Twelve mesocosms were allocated at random to treatments; four served as controls, and the remaining eight were treated once with the insecticide chlorpyrifos, with nominal dose levels of 0.1, 0.9, 6, and 44 mu g/ L in two mesocosms each. The example data set invertebrates. Sampling was done 11 times, from week -4 pre-treatment through week 24 post-treatment, giving a total of 132 samples (12 mesocosms times 11 sampling dates), see van den Brink & ter Braak (1999) for details. The data set contains only the species data, but the example below shows how to obtain the treatment, time and ditch ID variables.


CANOCO 4 example data, with the permission of Cajo J. F. ter Braak.


van den Brink, P.J. & ter Braak, C.J.F. (1999). Principal response curves: Analysis of time-dependent multivariate responses of biological community to stress. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 18, 138–148.


ditch <- gl(12, 1, length=132)
week <- gl(11, 12, labels=c(-4, -1, 0.1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 15, 19, 24))
dose <- factor(rep(c(0.1, 0, 0, 0.9, 0, 44, 6, 0.1, 44, 0.9, 0, 6), 11))

Example output

Loading required package: permute
Loading required package: lattice
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vegan documentation built on May 2, 2019, 5:51 p.m.