pca: Perform principal component analysis

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/pca.R

Description

Perform PCA on a numeric matrix for visualisation, information extraction and missing value imputation.

Usage

1
2
3
pca(object, method, nPcs = 2, scale = c("none", "pareto", "vector", "uv"),
  center = TRUE, completeObs = TRUE, subset = NULL, cv = c("none",
  "q2"), ...)

Arguments

object

Numerical matrix with (or an object coercible to such) with samples in rows and variables as columns. Also takes ExpressionSet in which case the transposed expression matrix is used. Can also be a data frame in which case all numberic variables are used to fit the PCA.

method

One of the methods reported by listPcaMethods(). Can be left missing in which case the svd PCA is chosen for data wihout missing values and nipalsPca for data with missing values

nPcs

Number of principal components to calculate.

scale

Scaling, see prep.

center

Centering, see prep.

completeObs

Sets the completeObs slot on the resulting pcaRes object containing the original data with but with all NAs replaced with the estimates.

subset

A subset of variables to use for calculating the model. Can be column names or indices.

cv

character naming a the type of cross-validation to be performed.

...

Arguments to prep, the chosen pca method and Q2.

Details

This method is wrapper function for the following set of pca methods:

svd:

Uses classical prcomp. See documentation for svdPca.

nipals:

An iterative method capable of handling small amounts of missing values. See documentation for nipalsPca.

rnipals:

Same as nipals but implemented in R.

bpca:

An iterative method using a Bayesian model to handle missing values. See documentation for bpca.

ppca:

An iterative method using a probabilistic model to handle missing values. See documentation for ppca.

svdImpute:

Uses expectation maximation to perform SVD PCA on incomplete data. See documentation for svdImpute.

Scaling and centering is part of the PCA model and handled by prep.

Value

A pcaRes object.

Author(s)

Wolfram Stacklies, Henning Redestig

References

Wold, H. (1966) Estimation of principal components and related models by iterative least squares. In Multivariate Analysis (Ed., P.R. Krishnaiah), Academic Press, NY, 391-420.

Shigeyuki Oba, Masa-aki Sato, Ichiro Takemasa, Morito Monden, Ken-ichi Matsubara and Shin Ishii. A Bayesian missing value estimation method for gene expression profile data. Bioinformatics, 19(16):2088-2096, Nov 2003.

Troyanskaya O. and Cantor M. and Sherlock G. and Brown P. and Hastie T. and Tibshirani R. and Botstein D. and Altman RB. - Missing value estimation methods for DNA microarrays. Bioinformatics. 2001 Jun;17(6):520-5.

See Also

prcomp, princomp, nipalsPca, svdPca

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
data(iris)
##  Usually some kind of scaling is appropriate
pcIr <- pca(iris, method="svd", nPcs=2)
pcIr <- pca(iris, method="nipals", nPcs=3, cv="q2")
## Get a short summary on the calculated model
summary(pcIr)
plot(pcIr)
## Scores and loadings plot
slplot(pcIr, sl=as.character(iris[,5]))

## use an expressionset and ggplot
data(sample.ExpressionSet)
pc <- pca(sample.ExpressionSet)
df <- merge(scores(pc), pData(sample.ExpressionSet), by=0)
library(ggplot2)
ggplot(df, aes(PC1, PC2, shape=sex, color=type)) +
  geom_point() +
  xlab(paste("PC1", pc@R2[1] * 100, "% of variance")) +
  ylab(paste("PC2", pc@R2[2] * 100, "% of variance"))

Example output

Loading required package: Biobase
Loading required package: BiocGenerics
Loading required package: parallel

Attaching package: 'BiocGenerics'

The following objects are masked from 'package:parallel':

    clusterApply, clusterApplyLB, clusterCall, clusterEvalQ,
    clusterExport, clusterMap, parApply, parCapply, parLapply,
    parLapplyLB, parRapply, parSapply, parSapplyLB

The following objects are masked from 'package:stats':

    IQR, mad, sd, var, xtabs

The following objects are masked from 'package:base':

    Filter, Find, Map, Position, Reduce, anyDuplicated, append,
    as.data.frame, cbind, colMeans, colSums, colnames, do.call,
    duplicated, eval, evalq, get, grep, grepl, intersect, is.unsorted,
    lapply, lengths, mapply, match, mget, order, paste, pmax, pmax.int,
    pmin, pmin.int, rank, rbind, rowMeans, rowSums, rownames, sapply,
    setdiff, sort, table, tapply, union, unique, unsplit, which,
    which.max, which.min

Welcome to Bioconductor

    Vignettes contain introductory material; view with
    'browseVignettes()'. To cite Bioconductor, see
    'citation("Biobase")', and for packages 'citation("pkgname")'.


Attaching package: 'pcaMethods'

The following object is masked from 'package:stats':

    loadings

nipals calculated PCA
Importance of component(s):
                 PC1     PC2    PC3
R2            0.9246 0.05307 0.0171
Cumulative R2 0.9246 0.97769 0.9948

pcaMethods documentation built on May 2, 2018, 4:17 a.m.