Defines functions import2Dspectra

Documented in import2Dspectra

#' Import 2D Spectroscopic Data
#' This function imports a single file (for instance, a csv) containing a 2D
#' spectroscopic data set.  The current version handles various types of
#' ASCII text files as well as a few other types.
#' This function is called by \code{\link{files2Spectra2DObject}}
#' and is exported and documented to assist in developing new format codes.
#' @param file Character string giving the path to a file containing a 2D spectrum.
#' @param fmt Character string giving the format code to use.  Details below.
#' @param nF2 Integer giving the number of data points in the F2 (x) dimension.
#'        Note: If \emph{any} dimension is zero-filled you may need to study
#'        the acquistion details to get the correct value for this argument.
#'        This may be vendor-dependent.
#' @param ...  Arguments to be passed to \code{\link[utils]{read.table}}, or \code{readJDX}.
#'        For \code{read.table}, \pkg{You MUST supply values for \code{sep}, \code{dec} and \code{header} consistent
#'        with your file structure, unless they are the same as the defaults for \code{\link[utils]{read.table}}}.
#' @param debug Integer.  Applies to \code{fmt = "dx"} only.  See \code{\link[readJDX]{readJDX}}
#'        for details.
#' @return A list with 3 elements:
#'         \itemize{
#'           \item A matrix of the z values.  The no. of columns = \code{nF2} and the no. of rows
#'                 follows from the size of the imported data.
#'           \item A vector giving the F2 (x) values.
#'           \item A vector giving the F1 (y) values.
#'         }
#' @section Format Codes for Plain-Text ASCII Files:
#' ASCII format codes are constructed in two parts separated by a hyphen.
#' Three or more columns are expected. The first part gives
#' the order of the columns in the file, e.g. F2F1R means the first column has the F2 values,
#' the second column has the F1 values and the third the real-valued intensities.  The second part of the
#' format code relates to the order of the rows, i.e. which column varies fastest and in what direction.
#' These codes are best understood in relation to how the data is stored internally in a matrix.
#' The internal matrix is organized exactly as the data appears on the screen, with F2 decreasing
#' left-to-right, and F1 increasing top-to-bottom. There are many possible formats (only those listed
#' are implemented, please e-mail for help creating additional combinations):
#' \itemize{
#'   \item \code{"F2F1R-F2decF1dec"} Columns in the file are F2 (x), F1 (y), real.  Both F2 and F1 are decreasing.
#'         Last row is first in the file.  This format is used at least some of the time by
#'         nmrPipe.
#'   \item \code{fmt = "F1F2RI-F1decF2dec2"} Columns in the file are F1 (y), F2 (x), real and imaginary
#'         (imaginary data will be skipped).  F1 is held at a fixed value while F2 decreases.  F1 starts high
#'         and decreases, so last row is first in the file. There are two sets of data in the file:
#'         The data after FT'ing along F2 only, and the data after FT'ing along both dimensions.  The "2"
#'         in the format name means we are taking the second data set.
#'         This format is used by JEOL when exporting to "generic ascii".  Argument \code{nF2} is ignored
#'         with this format as the value is sought from the corresponding \code{*.hdr} file.  Doing so
#'         also allows one to import files with slightly different F1 and or F2, but for this to be successful
#'         you will need to 1) set \code{allowSloppy = TRUE} in the call to \code{files2Spectra2DObject} and
#'         2) harmonize the dimensions manually after initial import.
#' }
#' @section Other Format Codes:
#' Here are some other format codes you can use:
#' \itemize{
#'   \item \code{"SimpleM"}.  Imports matrices composed of z values.  The F2 and F1 values
#'         are created from the dimension of the matrix.  After import, you will have to manually
#'         convert the F2 and F1 values to ppm.  You may also have to transpose the matrices, or
#'         perhaps invert the order of the rows or columns.  Imported via \code{read.table}.
#'   \item \code{"Btotxt"}.  This format imports Bruker data written to a file using the Bruker
#'         "totxt" command.  Tested with TopSpin 4.0.7.  This format is read via \code{readLines}
#'         and thus the \ldots argument does not apply.
#'   \item \code{"dx"}.  This format imports files written in the JCAMP-DX format, via
#'         package \code{\link[readJDX]{readJDX}}.
#' }
#' @author Bryan A. Hanson, DePauw University.
#' @keywords import
#' @export
#' @importFrom utils read.table
import2Dspectra <- function(file, fmt, nF2, debug = 0, ...) {
  valid <- FALSE # flag for valid format found

  # Helper function, from help file of is.integer
  .isWholeNo <- function(x, tol = .Machine$double.eps^0.5) {
    abs(x - round(x)) < tol

  # Clean up args found in ... for further use
  argsRT <- argsDX <- as.list(match.call())[-1] # TWO copies to be used momentarily
  argsRT <- .cleanArgs2D(argsRT, "read.table") # further update below
  if (fmt == "dx") argsDX <- .cleanArgs2D(argsDX, "readJDX")

  if (fmt == "SimpleM") {
    valid <- TRUE
    raw <- do.call(utils::read.table, args = c(argsRT, list(file = file)))
    M <- as.matrix(raw)
    F2 <- as.numeric(1:ncol(M))
    F1 <- as.numeric(1:nrow(M))
    ans <- list(M = M, F2 = F2, F1 = F1)
  } # end of fmt = "SimpleM"

  if (fmt == "dx") {
    valid <- TRUE
    raw <- do.call(readJDX::readJDX, args = c(argsDX, list(file = file, debug = debug)))
    M <- raw$Matrix
    F2 <- raw$F2
    F1 <- raw$F1
    ans <- list(M = M, F2 = F2, F1 = F1)
  } # end of fmt = "dx"

  if (fmt == "F2F1R-F2decF1dec") { # at least some nmrPipe
    valid <- TRUE
    raw <- do.call(utils::read.table, args = c(argsRT, list(file = file)))
    nr <- nrow(raw) / nF2
    if (!.isWholeNo(nr)) stop("Non-integer row count in F2F1R-F2decF1dec")
    M <- matrix(raw[, 3], nrow = nr, byrow = TRUE)
    M <- M[nrow(M):1, ] # reflect around horizontal axis as last row was first in file
    F1 <- sort(unique(raw[, 2]))
    F2 <- sort(unique(raw[, 1]))
    ans <- list(M = M, F2 = F2, F1 = F1)
  } # end of fmt = "F2F1R-F2decF1dec"

  if (fmt == "F1F2RI-F1decF2dec2") { # JEOL generic ascii export
    valid <- TRUE

    # For this format we will need both the *.asc and *.hdr files
    # This approach will allow the imported spectra to differ in dimensions
    # provided check = FALSE.  They will need to be cleaned up later.
    # Argument nF2 is ignored here and read from *.hdr instead

    # Process *.hdr file
    file2 <- gsub("\\.asc", ".hdr", file)
    if (!file.exists(file2)) {
      msg <- paste("I need file", file2, "but can't find it", sep = " ")
    hdr <- readLines(file2)
    x_pts <- grep("x_curr_points", hdr)
    nF2 <- as.integer(gsub(".*[[:space:]]+([[:digit:]]+)$", "\\1", hdr[x_pts]))
    y_pts <- grep("y_curr_points", hdr)
    nF1 <- as.integer(gsub(".*[[:space:]]+([[:digit:]]+)$", "\\1", hdr[y_pts]))

    # Process *.asc file
    raw <- do.call(utils::read.table, args = c(argsRT, list(file = file)))
    M <- matrix(raw[, 3], nrow = nF1 * 2, ncol = nF2, byrow = TRUE)
    # We want only the 1st half of the data as it is hypercomplex
    keep <- 1:nF1
    M <- M[keep, ]
    M <- M[nrow(M):1, ] # reflect around horizontal axis as last row was first in file
    F2 <- sort(unique(raw[, 2]))
    F1 <- sort(unique(raw[, 1]))
    ans <- list(M = M, F2 = F2, F1 = F1)
  } # end of fmt = "F1F2RI-F1decF2dec2" JEOL ascii import

  if (fmt == "Btotxt") {
    # intensities (z values) are stored in rows; brief header present
    # using readLines here, sep, dec etc don't apply
    valid <- TRUE
    raw <- readLines(file)

    # get needed header info
    NROWS <- grep("# NROWS", raw)
    nF1 <- as.integer(sub("#\\s{1}NROWS\\s{1}=\\s{1}([0-9]+).*", "\\1", raw[NROWS]))
    NCOLS <- grep("# NCOLS", raw)
    nF2 <- as.integer(sub("#\\s{1}NCOLS\\s{1}=\\s{1}([0-9]+).*", "\\1", raw[NCOLS]))

    F1LEFT <- grep("F1LEFT", raw) # this line also has F1RIGHT
    F1left <- as.numeric(sub("#\\s{1}F1LEFT\\s{1}=\\s{1}(-?[0-9]+\\.[0-9]+).*", "\\1", raw[F1LEFT]))
    F1right <- as.numeric(sub(".*F1RIGHT\\s{1}=\\s{1}(-?[0-9]+\\.[0-9]+).*", "\\1", raw[F1LEFT]))
    F1 <- sort(seq(F1left, F1right, length.out = nF1))

    F2LEFT <- grep("F2LEFT", raw)
    F2left <- as.numeric(sub("#\\s{1}F2LEFT\\s{1}=\\s{1}(-?[0-9]+\\.[0-9]+).*", "\\1", raw[F2LEFT]))
    F2right <- as.numeric(sub(".*F2RIGHT\\s{1}=\\s{1}(-?[0-9]+\\.[0-9]+).*", "\\1", raw[F2LEFT]))
    F2 <- sort(seq(F2left, F2right, length.out = nF2))

    # now process the intensities
    # rows are numbered from 0 to nF1-1
    zstart <- grep("#\\s{1}row\\s{1}=\\s{1}0", raw)
    zvals <- raw[zstart:length(raw)]
    zvals <- na.omit(gsub("#.*", NA, zvals)) # remove "# row = number" lines
    zvals <- as.numeric(zvals)
    if (length(zvals) != nF1 * nF2) stop("No. of intensities didn't match dimensions")

    M <- matrix(zvals, nrow = nF1, ncol = nF2, byrow = TRUE)
    M <- M[nrow(M):1, ] # reflect around horizontal axis as last row was first in file

    ans <- list(M = M, F2 = F2, F1 = F1)
  } # end of fmt = "Btotxt"

  if (!valid) stop("fmt not recognized. If you need a new format added, contact hanson@depauw.edu.")

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ChemoSpec2D documentation built on Oct. 11, 2021, 9:06 a.m.