Bhapkar (1966) tested marginal homogeneity by exploiting the asymptotic normality of marginal proportion, and so this test is also called Bhapkar's test. The idea of constructing test statistic is similar to the
one of generalized McNemar's test statistic used in
StuartMaxwellTest, and the major difference lies in the calculation of elements in
BhapkarTest(x, y = NULL)
either a 2-way k x k contingency table in matrix form, or a factor.
a factor with the same levels as
Although the Bhapkar and Stuart-Maxwell tests are asymptotically equivalent (Keefe, 1982). Generally, the Bhapkar (1966) test is a more powerful alternative to the Stuart-Maxwell test. With a large N, both will produce the same Chi-square value. As the Bhapkar test is more powerful, it is preferred.
Andri Signorell <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Bhapkar V.P. (1966) A note on the equivalence of two test criteria for hypotheses in categorical data. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 61: 228-235.
Ireland C.T., Ku H.H., and Kullback S. (1969) Symmetry and marginal homogeneity of an r x r contingency table. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 64: 1323-1341.
Keefe T.J. (1982) On the relationship between two tests for homogeneity of the marginal distributions in a two-way classification. Biometrika, 69: 683-684.
Sun X., Yang Z. (2008) Generalized McNemar's Test for Homogeneity of the Marginal Distributions. SAS Global Forum 2008: Statistics and Data Analysis, Paper 382-208.
# Source: http://www.john-uebersax.com/stat/mcnemar.htm#stuart mc <- as.table(matrix(c(20,3,0,10,30,5,5,15,40), nrow=3)) BhapkarTest(mc)
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