Bhapkar (1966) tested marginal homogeneity by exploiting the asymptotic normality of marginal proportion, and this test is also called Bhapkar's test. The idea of constructing test statistic is similar to the
one of generalized McNemar's test statistic used in
StuartMaxwellTest, and the major difference lies in the calculation of elements in
either a 2-way contingency table in matrix form, or a factor object.
a factor object; ignored if x is a matrix.
Although the Bhapkar and Stuart-Maxwell tests are asymptotically equivalent (Keefe, 1982). Generally, the Bhapkar (1966) test is a more powerful alternative to the Stuart-Maxwell test. With a large N, both will produce the same chi-squared value. As the Bhapkar test is more powerful, it is preferred.
Andri Signorell <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Bhapkar V.P. (1966). A note on the equivalence of two test criteria for hypotheses in categorical data. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 61: 228-235.
Ireland C.T., Ku H.H., and Kullback S. (1969). Symmetry and marginal homogeneity of an r x r contingency table. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 64: 1323-1341.
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