CueCountingExample: Cue counts of whale blows

Description Format Details Note


Cues are treated as an indirect count, requiring the use of multipliers.


A data frame with 109 rows and 15 variables.

Region.Label stratum labels
Area size (km^2) of each stratum
Sample.Label transect labels
Cue.rate rate of blows per animal per hour
Cue.rate.SE variability in cue rate
Cue.rate.df degrees of freedom (number of animals sampled for cues)
object object ID
distance perpendicular distance (km)
Sample.Fraction proportion of full circle scanned (radians)
Sample.Fraction.SE variability in sampling fraction (0)
Search.time Duration of scanning effort (hr)
bss Beaufort sea state
sp Species detected (all observations W in these data)
size Number of animals in group (all 1 in these data)
Study.Area study area name


Because whale blows disappear instantaneously, there is no need to measure a decay rate. However a cue production rate (blows per individual per unit time) is required, as is a measure of variability of that rate.


There are two other nuances in this survey. Even though the survey is taking place on a moving ship, effort is measured as amount of time scanning for blows. In some instances, it is not possible for the observer to scan the sea all around them as view may be restricted by the ship's superstructure. Here a sampling fraction multiplier is employed to deal with restricted vision. Units of measure of cue.rate and Search.time must be equal.

Distance documentation built on Jan. 13, 2021, 10:43 p.m.