madlib.lm: Linear regression with grouping support, heteroskedasticity

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/madlib-lm.R

Description

The wrapper function for MADlib linear regression. Heteroskedasticity can be detected using the Breusch-Pagan test. One or multiple columns of data can be used to separated the data set into multiple groups according to the values of the grouping columns. Linear regression is applied onto each group, which has fixed values of the grouping columns. Categorial variables are supported, see details below. The computation is parallelized by MADlib if the connected database is Greenplum database. The regression computation can also be done on a column that is an array in the data table.

Usage

1
madlib.lm(formula, data, na.action = NULL, hetero = FALSE, na.as.level = FALSE, ...)

Arguments

formula

an object of class "formula" (or one that can be coerced to that class): a symbolic description of the model to be fitted. The details of model specification are given under 'Details'.

data

An object of db.obj class. Currently, this parameter is mandatory. If it is an object of class db.Rquery or db.view, a temporary table will be created, and further computation will be done on the temporary table. After the computation, the temporary will be dropped from the corresponding database.

na.action

A string which indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. Possible values include na.omit, "na.exclude", "na.fail" and NULL. Right now, na.omit has been implemented. When the value is NULL, nothing is done on the R side and NA values are filtered on the MADlib side. User defined na.action function is allowed.

hetero

A logical value with default value FALSE. If it is TRUE, then Breusch-Pagan test is performed on the fitting model and the corresponding test statistic and p-value are computed. See [1] for more details.

na.as.level

A logical value, default is FALSE. Whether to treat NA value as a level in a categorical variable or just ignore it.

...

More parameters can be passed into this function. Currently, it is just a place holder and any parameter here is not used.

Details

For details about how to write a formula, see formula for details. "|" can be used at the end of the formula to denote that the fitting is done conditioned on the values of one or more variables. For example, y ~ x + sin(z) | v + w will do the fitting each distinct combination of the values of v and w.

Both the linear regression (this function) and the logistic regression (madlib.glm) support categorical variables. Use as.factor,db.obj-method to denote that a variable is categorical, and the corresponding dummy variables are created and fitted. See as.factor,db.obj-method for more.

Value

If there is no grouping (i.e. no | in the formula), the result is a lm.madlib object. Otherwise, it is a lm.madlib.grps object, which is just a list of lm.madlib objects.

A lm.madlib object is a list which contains the following items:

grouping column(s)

When there are grouping columns in the formula, the resulting list has multiple items, each of which has the same name as one of the grouping columns. All of these items are vectors, and they have the same length, which is equal to the number of distinct combinations of all the grouping column values. Each row of these items together is one distinct combination of the grouping values. When there is no grouping column in the formula, none of such items will appear in the resulting list.

coef

A numeric matrix, the fitting coefficients. Each row contains the coefficients for the linear regression of each group of data. So the number of rows is equal to the number of distinct combinations of all the grouping column values. The number of columns is equal to the number features (including intercept if it presents in the formula).

r2

A numeric array. R2 values for all combinations of the grouping column values.

std_err

A numeric matrix, the standard error for each coefficients.

t_stats

A numeric matrix, the t-statistics for each coefficient, which is the absolute value of the ratio of std_err and coef.

p_values

A numeric matrix, the p-values of t_stats. Each row is for a fitting to a group of the data.

condition_no

A numeric array, the condition number for all combinations of the grouping column values.

bp_stats

A numeric array when hetero = TRUE, the Breusch-Pagan test statistics for each combination of the grouping column values.

bp_p_value

A numeric array when hetero = TRUE, the Breusch-Pagan test p value for each combination of the grouping column values.

grps

An integer, the number of groups that the data is divided into according to the grouping columns in the formula.

grp.cols

An array of strings. The column names of the grouping columns.

has.intercept

A logical, whether the intercept is included in the fitting.

ind.vars

An array of strings, all the different terms used as independent variables in the fitting.

ind.str

A string. The independent variables in an array format string.

call

A language object. The function call that generates this result.

col.name

An array of strings. The column names used in the fitting.

appear

An array of strings, the same length as the number of independent variables. The strings are used to print a clean result, especially when we are dealing with the factor variables, where the dummy variable names can be very long due to the inserting of a random string to avoid naming conflicts, see as.factor,db.obj-method for details. The list also contains dummy and dummy.expr, which are also used for processing the categorical variables, but do not contain any important information.

model

A db.data.frame object, which wraps the result table of this function.

terms

A terms object, describing the terms in the model formula.

nobs

The number of observations used to fit the model.

data

A db.obj object, which wraps all the data used in the database. If there are fittings for multiple groups, then this is only the wrapper for the data in one group.

origin.data

The original db.obj object. When there is no grouping, it is equal to data above, otherwise it is the "sum" of data from all groups.

Note that if there is grouping done, and there are multiple lm.madlib objects in the final result, each one of them contains the same copy model.

Note

| is not part of standard R formula object, but many R packages use | to add their own functionalities into formula object. However, | has different meanings and usages in different packages. The user must be careful that usage of | in PivotalR-package may not be the same as the others.

Author(s)

Author: Predictive Analytics Team at Pivotal Inc.

Maintainer: Frank McQuillan, Pivotal Inc. [email protected]

References

[1] Wikipedia: Breusch-Pagan test, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breusch-Pagan_test [2] Documentation of linear regression in MADlib v0.6, http://doc.madlib.net/v0.6/group__grp__linreg.html.

See Also

madlib.glm, madlib.summary, madlib.arima are MADlib wrapper functions.

as.factor creates categorical variables for fitiing.

delete safely deletes the result of this function.

Examples

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## Not run: 


## set up the database connection
## Assume that .port is port number and .dbname is the database name
cid <- db.connect(port = .port, dbname = .dbname, verbose = FALSE)

x <- as.db.data.frame(abalone, conn.id = cid, verbose = FALSE)
lk(x, 10)

## linear regression conditioned on nation value
## i.e. grouping
fit <- madlib.lm(rings ~ . - id | sex, data = x, heteroskedasticity = T)
fit

## use I(.) for expressions
fit <- madlib.lm(rings ~ length + diameter + shell + I(diameter^2),
data = x, heteroskedasticity = T)
fit # display the result

## Another example
fit <- madlib.lm(rings ~ . - id | sex + (id < 2000), data = x)

## 3rd example
## The table has two columns: x is an array, y is double precision
dat <- x
dat$arr <- db.array(x[,-c(1,2)])
array.data <- as.db.data.frame(dat)

## Fit to y using every element of x
## This does not work in R's lm, but works in madlib.lm
fit <- madlib.lm(rings ~ arr, data = array.data)

fit <- madlib.lm(rings ~ arr - arr[1], data = array.data)

fit <- madlib.lm(rings ~ . - arr[1:2], data = array.data)

fit <- madlib.lm(as.integer(rings < 10) ~ . - arr[1:2], data = array.data)

## 4th example
## Step-wise feature selection
start <- madlib.lm(rings ~ . - id - sex, data = x)
## step(start)

db.disconnect(cid)

## End(Not run)

PivotalR documentation built on May 30, 2017, 8:18 a.m.