case1002: The Energy Costs of Echolocation by Bats

Description Usage Format Source References Examples

Description

The data are on in–flight energy expenditure and body mass from 20 energy studies on three types of flying vertebrates: echolocating bats, non–echolocating bats and non–echolocating birds.

Usage

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Format

A data frame with 20 observations on the following 4 variables.

Species

species

Mass

mass (in grams)

Type

a factor with 3 levels indicating the type of flying vertebrate

Energy

in–flight energy expenditure (in W)

Source

Ramsey, F.L. and Schafer, D.W. (2002). The Statistical Sleuth: A Course in Methods of Data Analysis (2nd ed), Duxbury.

References

Speakman, J.R. and Racey, P.A. (1991). No cost of Echolocation for Bats in Flight, Nature 350: 421–423.

Examples

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str(case1002)

plot(log(Energy)~log(Mass), case1002,
     pch = ifelse(Type=="echolocating bats", 19,
                  ifelse(Type=="non-echolocating birds", 21, 24)))

plot(Energy~Mass, case1002, log="xy",
     xlab = "Body Mass (g) (log scale)",
     ylab = "Energy Expenditure (W) (log scale)", 
     pch = ifelse(Type=="echolocating bats", 19,
                  ifelse(Type=="non-echolocating birds", 21, 24)))
legend(7, 50, pch=c(24, 21, 19),
     c("Non-echolocating bats", "Non-echolocating birds","Echolocating bats"))

library(lattice)
yticks <- c(1,2,5,10,20,50)
xticks <- c(10,20,50,100,200,500)
xyplot(Energy ~ Mass, case1002, groups=Type, 
       scales = list(log=TRUE, y=list(at=yticks), x=list(at=xticks)),
       ylab = "Energy Expenditure (W) (log scale)",
       xlab = "Body Mass (g) (log scale)", 
       auto.key = list(x = 0.2, y = 0.9, corner = c(0, 1), border = TRUE))

Sleuth2 documentation built on Jan. 24, 2019, 9:04 a.m.