GeneralizedBeta: The Generalized Beta Distribution

GeneralizedBetaR Documentation

The Generalized Beta Distribution


Density function, distribution function, quantile function, random generation, raw moments and limited moments for the Generalized Beta distribution with parameters shape1, shape2, shape3 and scale.


dgenbeta(x, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
         log = FALSE)
pgenbeta(q, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
         lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
qgenbeta(p, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
         lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
rgenbeta(n, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate)
mgenbeta(order, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate)
levgenbeta(limit, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
           order = 1)


x, q

vector of quantiles.


vector of probabilities.


number of observations. If length(n) > 1, the length is taken to be the number required.

shape1, shape2, shape3, scale

parameters. Must be strictly positive.


an alternative way to specify the scale.

log, log.p

logical; if TRUE, probabilities/densities p are returned as \log(p).


logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X \le x], otherwise, P[X > x].


order of the moment.


limit of the loss variable.


The generalized beta distribution with parameters shape1 = \alpha, shape2 = \beta, shape3 = \tau and scale = \theta, has density:

f(x) = \frac{\Gamma(\alpha + \beta)}{\Gamma(\alpha)\Gamma(\beta)} (x/\theta)^{\alpha \tau} (1 - (x/\theta)^\tau)^{\beta - 1} \frac{\tau}{x}

for 0 < x < \theta, \alpha > 0, \beta > 0, \tau > 0 and \theta > 0. (Here \Gamma(\alpha) is the function implemented by R's gamma() and defined in its help.)

The generalized beta is the distribution of the random variable

\theta X^{1/\tau},

where X has a beta distribution with parameters \alpha and \beta.

The kth raw moment of the random variable X is E[X^k] and the kth limited moment at some limit d is E[\min(X, d)], k > -\alpha\tau.


dgenbeta gives the density, pgenbeta gives the distribution function, qgenbeta gives the quantile function, rgenbeta generates random deviates, mgenbeta gives the kth raw moment, and levgenbeta gives the kth moment of the limited loss variable.

Invalid arguments will result in return value NaN, with a warning.


This is not the generalized three-parameter beta distribution defined on page 251 of Johnson et al, 1995.

The "distributions" package vignette provides the interrelations between the continuous size distributions in actuar and the complete formulas underlying the above functions.


Vincent Goulet


Johnson, N. L., Kotz, S. and Balakrishnan, N. (1995) Continuous Univariate Distributions, Volume 2, Wiley.

Klugman, S. A., Panjer, H. H. and Willmot, G. E. (2012), Loss Models, From Data to Decisions, Fourth Edition, Wiley.


exp(dgenbeta(2, 2, 3, 4, 0.2, log = TRUE))
p <- (1:10)/10
pgenbeta(qgenbeta(p, 2, 3, 4, 0.2), 2, 3, 4, 0.2)
mgenbeta(2, 1, 2, 3, 0.25) - mgenbeta(1, 1, 2, 3, 0.25) ^ 2
levgenbeta(10, 1, 2, 3, 0.25, order = 2)

actuar documentation built on Nov. 8, 2023, 9:06 a.m.