R/as.ltraj.r

Defines functions as.ltraj .ctzda .checktz .checkp4 .checkp4obj .traj2ltraj summary.ltraj print.ltraj infolocs removeinfo .ltraj2traj c.ltraj

Documented in as.ltraj c.ltraj infolocs print.ltraj removeinfo summary.ltraj

as.ltraj <- function(xy, date=NULL, id, burst=id, typeII = TRUE,
                     slsp =  c("remove", "missing"),
                     infolocs = data.frame(pkey = paste(id, date, sep="."),
                     row.names=row.names(xy)),
                     proj4string=CRS())
{
    ## Various verifications
    if (typeII) {
        if (!inherits(date,"POSIXct"))
            stop("For objects of type II,\n date should be of class \"POSIXct\"")
    } else {
        date <- 1:nrow(xy)
    }
    if (length(date) != nrow(xy))
        stop("date should be of the same length as xy")

    slsp <- match.arg(slsp)

    if (!inherits(proj4string, "CRS"))
        stop("proj4string should inherit CRS")

    ## Length of infolocs, if provided
    if (!is.null(infolocs)) {
        if (nrow(infolocs)!=nrow(xy))
            stop("infolocs should have the same number of rows as xy")
    }

    ## length of id
    if (length(id)==1)
        id <- factor(rep(as.character(id), nrow(xy)))
    if (length(id)!=nrow(xy))
        stop("id should be of the same length as xy, or of length 1")

    ## checks that all levels are present in the data:
    if (min(table(id))==0)
        stop("some id's are not present in the data")

    ## length of burst
    if (length(burst)==1)
        burst <- factor(rep(as.character(burst), nrow(xy)))
    if (length(burst)!=nrow(xy))
        stop("burst should be of the same length as xy, or of length 1")
    ## checks that all levels are present in the data:
    if (min(table(burst))==0)
        stop("some bursts are not present in the data")

    ## Verification that there is only one burst per id
    id1 <- factor(id)
    burst1 <- factor(burst)
    if (!all(apply(table(id1,burst1)>0,2,sum)==1))
        stop("one burst level should belong to only one id level")

    x <- xy[,1]
    y <- xy[,2]
    res <- split(data.frame(x=x,y=y, date=date, row.names=row.names(xy)), burst)
    liid <- split(id, burst)
    if (!is.null(infolocs))
        linfol <- split(infolocs, burst)

    ## sort the dates
    if (!is.null(infolocs))
        linfol <- lapply(1:length(linfol),
                         function(j) linfol[[j]][order(res[[j]]$date),,drop=FALSE])
    res <- lapply(res, function(y) y[order(y$date),,drop=FALSE])

    ## Unique dates?
    rr <- any(unlist(lapply(res,
                            function(x) (length(unique(x$date))!=length(x$date)))))
    if (rr)
        stop("non unique dates for a given burst")

    ## Unique dates for a given id?
    x <- xy[,1]
    y <- xy[,2]
    resbb <- split(data.frame(x=x,y=y, date=date, row.names=row.names(xy)), id1)
    rr <- any(unlist(lapply(resbb,
                            function(x) (length(unique(x$date))!=length(x$date)))))
    if (rr)
        stop("non unique dates for a given id")


    ## Descriptive parameters
    foo <- function(x) {
        x1 <- x[-1, ]
        x2 <- x[-nrow(x), ]
        dist <- c(sqrt((x1$x - x2$x)^2 + (x1$y - x2$y)^2),NA)
        R2n <- (x$x - x$x[1])^2 + (x$y - x$y[1])^2
        dt <- c(unclass(x1$date) - unclass(x2$date), NA)
        dx <- c(x1$x - x2$x, NA)
        dy <- c(x1$y - x2$y, NA)
        abs.angle <- ifelse(dist<1e-07,NA,atan2(dy,dx))
        ## absolute angle = NA if dx==dy==0
        so <- cbind.data.frame(dx=dx, dy=dy, dist=dist,
                               dt=dt, R2n=R2n, abs.angle=abs.angle)
        return(so)
    }

    speed <- lapply(res, foo)
    res <- lapply(1:length(res), function(i) cbind(res[[i]],speed[[i]]))

    ## The relative angle
    ang.rel <- function(df,slspi=slsp) {
        ang1 <- df$abs.angle[-nrow(df)] # angle i-1
        ang2 <- df$abs.angle[-1] # angle i

        if(slspi=="remove"){
            dist <- c(sqrt((df[-nrow(df),"x"] - df[-1,"x"])^2 +
                           (df[-nrow(df),"y"] - df[-1,"y"])^2),NA)
            wh.na <- which(dist<1e-7)
            if(length(wh.na)>0){
                no.na <- (1:length(ang1))[!(1:length(ang1)) %in% wh.na]
                for (i in wh.na){
                    indx <- no.na[no.na<i]
                    ang1[i] <- ifelse(length(indx)==0,NA,ang1[max(indx)])
                }
            }
        }
        res <- ang2-ang1
        res <- ifelse(res <= (-pi), 2*pi+res,res)
        res <- ifelse(res > pi, res -2*pi,res)
        return(c(NA,res))
    }

    ## Output
    rel.angle <- lapply(res, ang.rel)
    res <- lapply(1:length(res),
                  function(i) data.frame(res[[i]], rel.angle=rel.angle[[i]]))
    res <- lapply(1:length(res), function(i) {
        x <- res[[i]]
        attr(x, "id") <- as.character(liid[[i]][1])
        attr(x,"burst") <- levels(factor(burst))[i]
        return(x)
    })

    ## And possibly, the data.frame infolocs
    if (!is.null(infolocs)) {
        res <- lapply(1:length(res), function(i) {
            x <- res[[i]]
            y <- linfol[[i]]
            row.names(y) <- row.names(x)
            attr(x, "infolocs") <- y
            return(x)
        })
    }

    ## Output
    class(res) <- c("ltraj","list")
    attr(res,"typeII") <- typeII
    attr(res,"regular") <- is.regular(res)
    attr(res,"proj4string") <- proj4string
    return(res)
}


.ctzda <- function(x)
{
    if (!inherits(x,"POSIXct"))
        stop("x should inherit POSIXct")
    tz <- attr(x,"tzone")
    if (is.null(tz))
        return("")
    if (tz=="")
        return("")
    return(tz)
}

.checktz <- function(x)
{
    if (!inherits(x, "ltraj"))
        stop("x should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    tz <- lapply(x, function(y) attr(y$date, "tzone"))
    atz <- all(sapply(1:length(tz), function(i) identical(tz[[i]],tz[[1]])))
    if (!atz)
        stop("multiple time zones not allowed in objects of class ltraj")
    if (is.null(tz[[1]]))
        return("")
    if (tz[[1]]=="")
        return("")
    return(tz[[1]])
}

.checkp4 <- function(...)
{
    uu <- list(...)
    if (!all(unlist(lapply(uu, function(x) inherits(x,"ltraj")))))
        stop("all objects should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    pf <- lapply(uu, function(x) {
                     at <- attr(x, "proj4string")
                     if (is.null(at))
                         return(CRS())
                     if (!inherits(at, "CRS"))
                         stop("proj4string should inherit CRS")
                     return(at)
                 })
    atz <- all(sapply(1:length(pf), function(i) identical(pf[[i]],pf[[1]])))
    if (!atz)
        stop("multiple projections not allowed in objects of class ltraj")
    return(pf[[1]])
}



.checkp4obj <- function(...)
{
    uu <- list(...)
    if (!all(unlist(lapply(uu, function(x) inherits(x,"ltraj")))))
        stop("all objects should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    pf <- lapply(uu, function(x) {
                     at <- attr(x, "proj4string")
                     if (is.null(at))
                         return(CRS())
                     if (!inherits(at, "CRS"))
                         stop("proj4string should inherit CRS")
                     return(at)
                 })
    atz <- all(sapply(1:length(pf), function(i) identical(pf[[i]],pf[[1]])))
    if (!atz)
        stop("multiple projections not allowed in objects of class ltraj")
    aa <- new("Spatial")
    proj4string(aa) <- pf[[1]]
    return(aa)
}


.traj2ltraj <- function(traj,slsp =  c("remove", "missing"))
{
    if (!inherits(traj, "traj"))
        stop("traj should be of class \"traj\"")
    slsp <- match.arg(slsp)
    traj <- .traj2df(traj)
    na <- c("x","y","date","id","burst","dist","dt","rel.angle",
            "abs.angle","dx","dy", "R2n")
    infolocs <- traj[,!(names(traj)%in%na), drop=FALSE]
    if (ncol(infolocs)>0) {
        res <- as.ltraj(xy=traj[,c("x","y")], date=traj$date, id=traj$id,
                        burst=traj$burst, typeII=TRUE, slsp,
                        infolocs=infolocs)
    } else {
        res <- as.ltraj(xy=traj[,c("x","y")], date=traj$date, id=traj$id,
                        burst=traj$burst, typeII=TRUE, slsp)
    }
    return(res)
}




"[.ltraj" <- function(x, i, id, burst)
  {
    if (!inherits(x, "ltraj"))
      stop("x should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    if (sum((!missing(i))+(!missing(id))+(!missing(burst)))!=1)
      stop("non convenient subset")

    if (!missing(i)) {
        x <- unclass(x)
        y <- x[i]
    }
    if (!missing(id)) {
        idb <- id(x)
        x <- unclass(x)
        y <- x[idb%in%id]
    }
    if (!missing(burst)) {
      idb <- burst(x)
      x <- unclass(x)
      y <- x[idb%in%burst]
    }

    class(y) <- c("ltraj","list")
    attr(y,"typeII") <- attr(x,"typeII")
    attr(y,"regular") <- is.regular(y)
    return(y)
}


"[<-.ltraj" <- function(x, i, id, burst, value)
  {
    if (!inherits(x, "ltraj"))
      stop("x should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    if (!inherits(value, "ltraj"))
        stop("value should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    p4s <- .checkp4(x,value)

    if (sum((!missing(i))+(!missing(id))+(!missing(burst)))!=1)
      stop("non convenient subset")
    typII <- attr(x,"typeII")
    regg <- attr(x,"regular")

    if (typII) {
        tz1 <- .checktz(x)
        tz2 <- .checktz(value)
        if (tz1!=tz2)
            stop("The different ltraj are sampled in different time zones")
    }

    inx <- infolocs(x)
    inva <- infolocs(value)
    ok1 <- (!is.null(inx))&(!is.null(inva))
    ok2 <- (is.null(inx))&(is.null(inva))
    if (!(ok1|ok2))
        stop("value and x should have the same infolocs attribute")
    if (!is.null(inx)) {
        if (!all(names(inx[[1]])==names(inva[[1]])))
            stop("value and x should have the same infolocs attribute")
    }

    if (!missing(i)) {
        x <- unclass(x)
        x[i] <- value
    }
    if (!missing(id)) {
      idb <- id(x)
      x <- unclass(x)
      x[idb%in%id] <-  value
    }
    if (!missing(burst)) {
      idb <- burst(x)
      x <- unclass(x)
      x[idb%in%burst] <- value
    }
    class(x) <- c("ltraj","list")
    attr(x,"typeII") <- typII
    attr(x,"regular") <- is.regular(x)
    attr(x,"proj4string") <- p4s
    bu <- unlist(lapply(x, function(y) attr(y, "burst")))
    if (length(unique(bu))!=length(bu))
      stop("attribute \"burst\" should be unique for a burst of relocations")
    return(x)
  }


summary.ltraj <- function(object,...)
  {
    if (!inherits(object, "ltraj"))
      stop("object should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    id <- factor(unlist(lapply(object, function(x) attr(x, "id"))))
    burst <- unlist(lapply(object, function(x) attr(x, "burst")))
    nr <- unlist(lapply(object, nrow))
    na <- unlist(lapply(object, function(i) sum(is.na(i[,1]))))
    if (attr(object,"typeII")) {
        beg <- unlist(lapply(object, function(i) i$date[1]))
        endd <- unlist(lapply(object, function(i) i$date[nrow(i)]))
        class(beg) <- class(endd) <- c("POSIXct","POSIXt")
        attr(beg, "tzone") <- attr(endd, "tzone") <- attr(object[[1]]$date, "tzone")
        pr <- data.frame(id=id, burst=burst, nb.reloc=nr, NAs=na,
                         date.begin=beg, date.end=endd)
    } else {
        pr <- data.frame(id=id, burst=burst, Nb.reloc=nr, NAs=na)
    }
    return(pr)
  }

print.ltraj <- function(x,...)
  {
    if (!inherits(x, "ltraj"))
      stop("x should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    pr <- summary(x)
    cat("\n*********** List of class ltraj ***********\n\n")
    if (attr(x,"typeII")) {
        cat("Type of the traject: Type II (time recorded)\n")
        tz <- .checktz(x)
        if (tz=="") {
            cat("* Time zone unspecified: dates printed in user time zone *\n")
        } else {
            cat("* Time zone:", tz, "*\n")
        }
        if (attr(x,"regular")) {
            cat(paste("Regular traject. Time lag between two locs:",
                      mean(x[[1]]$dt, na.rm=TRUE),"seconds\n"))
        } else {
            cat(paste("Irregular traject. Variable time lag between two locs\n"))
        }
    }
    if (!attr(x,"typeII")) {
        cat("Type of the traject: Type I (time not recorded)\n")
    }
    cat("\nCharacteristics of the bursts:\n")
    print(pr)
    cat("\n")
    if (!is.null(infolocs(x))) {
        cat("\n infolocs provided. The following variables are available:\n")
        print(names(infolocs(x)[[1]]))
    }

}



infolocs <- function(ltraj, which)
{
    if (!inherits(ltraj, "ltraj"))
        stop("ltraj should be of class ltraj")
    if (!is.null(attr(ltraj[[1]],"infolocs"))) {
        if (missing(which))
            which <- names(attr(ltraj[[1]],"infolocs"))
        re <- lapply(ltraj, function(y) {
            res <- attr(y, "infolocs")
            return(res[,names(res)%in%which, drop=FALSE])
        })
        return(re)
    } else {
        return(NULL)
    }
}

removeinfo <- function(ltraj)
{
    if (!inherits(ltraj, "ltraj"))
        stop("ltraj should be of class ltraj")
    for (i in 1:length(ltraj))
        attr(ltraj[[i]], "infolocs") <- NULL
    return(ltraj)
}

.ltraj2traj <- function(x)
{
    if (!inherits(x, "ltraj"))
        stop("x should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    if (!attr(x,"typeII"))
        stop("x should be of type II (time recorded")
    id <- factor(unlist(lapply(x, function(y)
                               id <- rep(attr(y,"id"), nrow(y)))))
    burst <- factor(unlist(lapply(x, function(y)
        id <- rep(attr(y,"burst"), nrow(y)))))
    if (attr(x,"typeII"))
        tz <- .checktz(x)
    if (!is.null(infolocs(x)))
        infol <- do.call("rbind", infolocs(x))
    res <- do.call("rbind", x)
    res <- cbind(id,burst,res)
    if (!is.null(infolocs(x)))
        res <- cbind(res, infol)
    class(res) <- c("traj","data.frame")
    return(res)
}

c.ltraj <- function(...)
{
    uu <- list(...)
    if (!all(unlist(lapply(uu, function(x) inherits(x,"ltraj")))))
        stop("all objects should be of class \"ltraj\"")
    p4s <- .checkp4(...)
    if (!is.null(infolocs(uu[[1]]))) {
        if (!all(sapply(uu, function(x) !is.null(infolocs(x)))))
            stop("all elements should have an infolocs, or none of them")
        al <- all(apply(do.call("rbind",
                                lapply(uu, function(x) names(infolocs(x)[[1]]))),
                        2, function(x) length(unique(x))==1))
        if (!al)
            stop("the names of infolocs do not match")
    }
    at2 <- all(unlist(lapply(uu, function(x) attr(x, "typeII"))))
    at1 <- all(unlist(lapply(uu, function(x) !attr(x, "typeII"))))
    if (!(at2|at1))
        stop("all objects should be of the same type (time recorded or not")
    if (attr(uu[[1]], "typeII")) {
        tz <- lapply(uu, function(y) .checktz(y))
        if (any(sapply(tz, function(y) y!=tz[[1]])))
            stop("The different ltraj are sampled in different time zones")
    }

    bu <- unlist(lapply(uu, function(x) unlist(lapply(x, function(y) attr(y, "burst")))))
    if (length(unique(bu))!=length(bu))
      stop("attribute \"burst\" should be unique for a burst of relocations")
    uu <- lapply(uu, unclass)
    uu <- do.call("c",uu)
    class(uu) <- c("ltraj","list")
    attr(uu,"typeII") <- at2
    attr(uu,"regular") <- is.regular(uu)
    attr(uu,"proj4string") <- p4s
    return(uu)
}

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adehabitatLT documentation built on Jan. 20, 2020, 1:13 a.m.