# dnacopula: Density Evaluation for (Nested) Archimedean Copulas In copula: Multivariate Dependence with Copulas

 dnacopula R Documentation

## Density Evaluation for (Nested) Archimedean Copulas

### Description

For a (nested) Archimedean copula (object of class `nacopula`) `x`, `dCopula(u, x)` (or also currently still `dnacopula(x, u)`) evaluates the density of `x` at the given vector or matrix `u`.

### Usage

```## S4 method for signature 'matrix,nacopula'
dCopula(u, copula, log=FALSE, ...)

## *Deprecated*:
dnacopula(x, u, log=FALSE, ...)
```

### Arguments

 `copula, x` an object of class `"outer_nacopula"`. `u` argument of the copula x. Note that u can be a matrix in which case the density is computed for each row of the matrix and the vector of values is returned. `log` logical indicating if the `log` of the density should be returned. `...` optional arguments passed to the copula's `dacopula` function (slot), such as `n.MC` (non-negative integer) for possible Monte Carlo evaluation (see `dacopula` in `acopula`).

### Details

If it exists, the density of an Archimedean copula C with generator psi at u in (0,1) is given by

c(u) = psi^{(d)}(psi^{-1}(u_1)+...+psi^{-1}(u_d)) prod(j=1..d) (psi^{-1}(u_j))' = psi^{(d)}(psi^{-1}(u_1)+...+psi^{-1}(u_d)) / (psi'(psi^{-1}(u_1))*...*psi'(psi^{-1}(u_d))).

### Value

A `numeric` vector containing the values of the density of the Archimedean copula at `u`.

### Note

`dCopula(u, copula)` is a generic function with methods for all our copula classes, see `dCopula`.

### References

Hofert, M., Mächler, M., and McNeil, A. J. (2012). Likelihood inference for Archimedean copulas in high dimensions under known margins. Journal of Multivariate Analysis 110, 133–150.

Hofert, M., Mächler, M., and McNeil, A. J. (2013). Archimedean Copulas in High Dimensions: Estimators and Numerical Challenges Motivated by Financial Applications. Journal de la Société Française de Statistique 154(1), 25–63.

For more details about the derivatives of an Archimedean generator, see, for example, `absdPsi` in class `acopula`.

### Examples

```## Construct a twenty-dimensional Gumbel copula with parameter chosen
## such that Kendall's tau of the bivariate margins is 0.25.
theta <- copJoe@iTau(.25)
C20 <- onacopula("J", C(theta, 1:20))

## Evaluate the copula density at the point u = (0.5,...,0.5)
u <- rep(0.5, 20)
dCopula(u, C20)

## the same with Monte Carlo based on 10000 simulated "frailties"
dCopula(u, C20, n.MC = 10000)

## Evaluate the exact log-density at several points
u <- matrix(runif(100), ncol=20)
dCopula(u, C20, log = TRUE)

## Back-compatibility check
stopifnot(identical( dCopula (u, C20), suppressWarnings(
dnacopula(C20, u))),
identical( dCopula (u, C20, log = TRUE), suppressWarnings(
dnacopula(C20, u, log = TRUE))))
```

copula documentation built on June 15, 2022, 5:07 p.m.