plot.drc: Plotting fitted dose-response curves

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

Description

plot displays fitted curves and observations in the same plot window, distinguishing between curves by different plot symbols and line types.

Usage

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  ## S3 method for class 'drc'
plot(x, ..., add = FALSE, level = NULL, 
  type = c("average", "all", "bars", "none", "obs", "confidence"),  
  broken = FALSE, bp, bcontrol = NULL, conName = NULL, axes = TRUE, 
  gridsize = 100, log = "x", xtsty, xttrim = TRUE, 
  xt = NULL, xtlab = NULL, xlab, xlim, 
  yt = NULL, ytlab = NULL, ylab, ylim,
  cex, cex.axis = 1, col = FALSE, lty, pch, 
  legend, legendText, legendPos, cex.legend = 1,
  normal = FALSE, normRef = 1, confidence.level = 0.95)

Arguments

x

an object of class 'drc'.

...

additional graphical arguments. For instance, use lwd=2 or lwd=3 to increase the width of plot symbols.

add

logical. If TRUE then add to already existing plot.

level

vector of character strings. To plot only the curves specified by their names.

type

a character string specifying how to plot the data. There are currently 5 options: "average" (averages and fitted curve(s); default), "none" (only the fitted curve(s)), "obs" (only the data points), "all" (all data points and fitted curve(s)), "bars" (averages and fitted curve(s) with model-based standard errors (see Details)), and "confidence" (confidence bands for fitted curve(s)).

broken

logical. If TRUE the x axis is broken provided this axis is logarithmic (using functionality in the CRAN package 'plotrix').

bp

numeric value specifying the break point below which the dose is zero (the amount of stretching on the dose axis above zero in order to create the visual illusion of a logarithmic scale including 0). The default is the base-10 value corresponding to the rounded value of the minimum of the log10 values of all positive dose values. This argument is only working for logarithmic dose axes.

bcontrol

a list with components factor, style and width. Controlling the appearance of the break (in case broken is TRUE). The component factor is the distance from the control to the break as a multiple of the value of bp (default is 2). The component style can take the values: gap, slash or zigzag. The component width is the width of the break symbol (default is 0.02).

conName

character string. Name on x axis for dose zero. Default is '"0"'.

axes

logical indicating whether both axes should be drawn on the plot.

gridsize

numeric. Number of points in the grid used for plotting the fitted curves.

log

a character string which contains '"x"' if the x axis is to be logarithmic, '"y"' if the y axis is to be logarithmic and '"xy"' or '"yx"' if both axes are to be logarithmic. The default is "x". The empty string "" yields the original axes.

xtsty

a character string specifying the dose axis style for arrangement of tick marks. By default ("base10") For a logarithmic axis by default only base 10 tick marks are shown ("base10"). Otherwise sensible equidistantly located tick marks are shown ("standard"), relying on axTicks.

xttrim

logical specifying if the number of tick marks should be trimmed in case too many tick marks are initially determined.

xt

a numeric vector containing the positions of the tick marks on the x axis.

xtlab

a vector containing the tick marks on the x axis.

xlab

an optional label for the x axis.

xlim

a numeric vector of length two, containing the lower and upper limit for the x axis.

yt

a numeric vector, containing the positions of the tick marks on the y axis.

ytlab

a vector containing the tick marks on the y axis.

ylab

an optional label for the y axis.

ylim

a numeric vector of length two, containing the lower and upper limit for the y axis.

cex

numeric or numeric vector specifying the size of plotting symbols and text (see par for details).

cex.axis

numeric value specifying the magnification to be used for axis annotation relative to the current setting of cex.

col

either logical or a vector of colours. If TRUE default colours are used. If FALSE (default) no colours are used.

legend

logical. If TRUE a legend is displayed.

legendText

a character string or vector of character strings specifying the legend text (the position of the upper right corner of the legend box).

legendPos

numeric vector of length 2 giving the position of the legend.

cex.legend

numeric specifying the legend text size.

lty

a numeric vector specifying the line types.

pch

a vector of plotting characters or symbols (see points).

normal

logical. If TRUE the plot of the normalized data and fitted curves are shown (for details see Weimer et al. (2012) for details).

normRef

numeric specifying the reference for the normalization (default is 1).

confidence.level

confidence level for error bars. Defaults to 0.95.

Details

The use of xlim allows changing the range of the x axis, extrapolating the fitted dose-response curves. Note that changing the range on the x axis may also entail a change of the range on the y axis. Sometimes it may be useful to extend the upper limit on the y axis (using ylim) in order to fit a legend into the plot.

See colors for the available colours.

Suitable labels are automatically provided.

The arguments broken and bcontrol rely on the function link{axis.break} with arguments style and brw in the package plotrix.

The model-based standard errors used for the error bars are calculated as the fitted value plus/minus the estimated error times the 1-(alpha/2) quantile in the t distribution with degrees of freedom equal to the residual degrees of freedom for the model (or using a standard normal distribution in case of binomial and poisson data), where alpha=1-confidence.level. The standard errors are obtained using the predict method with the arguments interval = "confidence" and level=confidence.level.

Value

An invisible data frame with the values used for plotting the fitted curves. The first column contains the dose values, and the following columns (one for each curve) contain the fitted response values.

Author(s)

Christian Ritz and Jens C. Streibig. Contributions from Xiaoyan Wang and Greg Warnes.

References

Weimer, M., Jiang, X., Ponta, O., Stanzel, S., Freyberger, A., Kopp-Schneider, A. (2012) The impact of data transformations on concentration-response modeling. Toxicology Letters, 213, 292–298.

Examples

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## Fitting models to be plotted below
ryegrass.m1 <- drm(rootl~conc, data = ryegrass, fct = LL.4())
ryegrass.m2 <- drm(rootl~conc, data = ryegrass, fct = LL.3())  # lower limit fixed at 0

## Plotting observations and fitted curve for the first model
plot(ryegrass.m1, broken = TRUE) 

## Adding fitted curve for the second model (not much difference)
plot(ryegrass.m2, broken = TRUE, add = TRUE, type = "none", col = 2, lty = 2)

## Add confidence region for the first model.
plot(ryegrass.m1, broken = TRUE, type="confidence", add=TRUE) 

## Finetuning the axis break
plot(ryegrass.m1, broken = TRUE, bcontrol = list(style = "gap"))
plot(ryegrass.m1, broken = TRUE, bcontrol = list(style = "slash"))
plot(ryegrass.m1, broken = TRUE, bcontrol = list(style = "zigzag"))

## Plot without axes
plot(ryegrass.m1, axes = FALSE)

## Fitting model to be plotted below
spinach.m1 <- drm(SLOPE~DOSE, CURVE, data = spinach, fct = LL.4())

## Plot with no colours
plot(spinach.m1, main = "Different line types (default)")

## Plot with default colours
plot(spinach.m1, col = TRUE, main = "Default colours")

## Plot with specified colours
plot(spinach.m1, col = c(2,6,3,23,56), main = "User-specified colours")

## Plot of curves 1 and 2 only
plot(spinach.m1, level = c(1,2), main = "User-specified curves")

## Plot with symbol of different sizes
plot(spinach.m1, cex = c(1,2,3,4,5), main = "User-specified symbil sizes")

## Plot with confidence regions
plot(spinach.m1, col = TRUE, main = "Confidence Regions", type = "confidence")

## Add points
plot(spinach.m1, col = TRUE, add=TRUE)

## Fitting another model to be plotted below
lettuce.m1 <- drm(weight~conc, data = lettuce, fct = LL.4())

## Using the argument 'bp'. Compare the plots!
par(mfrow = c(2, 2))
plot(lettuce.m1, main = "bp = default")  # using the default
plot(lettuce.m1, bp = 1e-4, main = "bp = 1e-4")
plot(lettuce.m1, bp = 1e-6, main = "bp = 1e-6")
plot(lettuce.m1, bp = 1e-8, main = "bp = 1e-8")
par(mfrow = c(1,1))

## User-specified position of legend
S.alba.m1 <- drm(DryMatter~Dose, Herbicide, data = S.alba, fct = LL.4())

plot(S.alba.m1)
plot(S.alba.m1, legendPos = c(0.3, 4.8))

drc documentation built on May 29, 2017, 11:31 a.m.

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