R/keep.R

Defines functions except.matrix except.data.frame except.list except keep.matrix keep.data.frame keep.list keep

Documented in except keep

#' Keep or drop elements by name/criteria in data.frame/matrix
#' 
#' \code{keep} selects variables/elements from data.frame by their names or by 
#' criteria (see \link{criteria}). \code{except} drops variables/elements from 
#' data.frame by their names or by criteria. Names at the top-level can be
#' unquoted (non-standard evaluation). For standard evaluation of parameters you
#' can surround them by round brackets. See examples. Methods for list will apply
#' \code{keep}/\code{except} to each element of the list separately.
#'
#' @param data data.frame/matrix/list
#' @param ... column names of type character/numeric or criteria/logical functions
#'
#' @return object of the same type as \code{data}
#' @export
#'
#' @examples
#' data(iris)
#' columns(iris, Sepal.Length, Sepal.Width)  
#' columns(iris, -Species)
#' 
#' columns(iris, Species, "^.") # move 'Species' to the first position
#' 
#' columns(iris, -"^Petal") # remove columns which names start with 'Petal'
#' 
#' columns(iris, -5) # remove fifth column
#' 
#' data(mtcars)
#' columns(mtcars, mpg:qsec) # keep columns from 'mpg' to 'qsec'
#' columns(mtcars, mpg %to% qsec) # the same result
#' 
#'  # standard and non-standard evaluation
#'  many_vars = c("am", "vs", "cyl")
#'  columns(mtcars, many_vars)
#'  
#' # character expansion
#' dfs = data.frame(
#'      a =   rep(10, 5),
#'      b_1 = rep(11, 5),
#'      b_2 = rep(12, 5),
#'      b_3 = rep(12, 5),
#'      b_4 = rep(14, 5),
#'      b_5 = rep(15, 5) 
#'  )
#'  i = 1:5
#'  columns(dfs, b_1 %to% b_5) 
#'  columns(dfs, "b_{i}") # the same result  
keep = function(data, ...){
    .Deprecated(msg = "'keep' is deprecated and will be removed in the next version. Please, use 'columns' from maditr package.")
    UseMethod("keep")
}


#' @export
keep.list = function(data, ...){
    for(each in seq_along(data)){
        data[[each]] = eval.parent(substitute(keep(data[[each]], ...)))
    }
    data
}

#' @export
keep.data.frame = function(data, ...){
    variables_names = substitute(list(...))
    curr_names = colnames(data)
    new_vars = variables_names_to_indexes(curr_names, variables_names, envir = parent.frame())
    if(is.data.table(data)){
        res = data[ , new_vars, with = FALSE]
    } else {
        res = data[ , new_vars, drop = FALSE]
        colnames(res) = curr_names[new_vars] # prevents names correction    
    }
    res
}

#' @export
keep.matrix = function(data, ...){
    variables_names = substitute(list(...))
    curr_names = colnames(data)
    if(is.null(curr_names)){
        curr_names = rep("", NCOL(data))
    }
    new_vars = variables_names_to_indexes(curr_names, variables_names, envir = parent.frame())
    res = data[ , new_vars, drop = FALSE]
    if(!is.null(colnames(data))) colnames(res) = curr_names[new_vars] # prevents names correction
    res
}



#' @export
#' @rdname keep
except = function(data, ...){
    .Deprecated(msg = "'except' is deprecated and will be removed in the next version. Please, use 'columns' from maditr package.")
    UseMethod("except")
}



#' @export
except.list = function(data, ...){
    for(each in seq_along(data)){
        data[[each]] = eval.parent(substitute(except(data[[each]], ...)))
    }
    data
}

#' @export
except.data.frame = function(data, ...){
    variables_names = substitute(list(...))
    curr_names = colnames(data)
    new_vars = variables_names_to_indexes(curr_names, variables_names, envir = parent.frame())
    new_vars = -unique(new_vars)
    if(length(new_vars)==0){
        return(data)
    }
    if(is.data.table(data)){
        res = data[ , new_vars, with = FALSE]
    } else {
        res = data[ , new_vars, drop = FALSE]
        colnames(res) = curr_names[new_vars] # prevents names correction    
    }
    res
}

#' @export
except.matrix = function(data, ...){
    variables_names = substitute(list(...))
    curr_names = colnames(data)
    new_vars = variables_names_to_indexes(curr_names, variables_names, envir = parent.frame())
    new_vars = -unique(new_vars)
    if(length(new_vars)==0){
        return(data)
    }
    res = data[ , new_vars, drop = FALSE]
    colnames(res) = curr_names[new_vars] # prevents names correction
    res
}





    

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expss documentation built on Nov. 10, 2022, 6:14 p.m.