Defines functions plotLextreme

Documented in plotLextreme

#' Plot extreme value statistics
#' Plots distributions fitted by L-moments and adds plotting positions by Weibull and Gringorton.
#' This is an auxiliary graphing function to \code{\link{distLextreme}}
#' @return invisible dlf object, see \code{\link{printL}}
#' @author Berry Boessenkool, \email{[email protected]@gmx.de}, March 2015, updated heavily Aug 2015
#' @seealso \code{\link{distLextreme}}, \code{\link{plotLfit}}
#' @keywords hplot dplot distribution
#' @export
#' @importFrom berryFunctions rainbow2 owa logAxis
#' @importFrom lmomco plmomco
#' @importFrom graphics box lines par plot points legend
#' @importFrom stats approx
#' @examples
#' #see
#' ?distLextreme
#' @param dlf     List as returned by \code{\link{distLextreme}} or \code{\link{distLexBoot}}
#' @param selection Selection of distributions. Character vector with type as in
#'                \code{\link[lmomco]{lmom2par}}. DEFAULT: NULL
#' @param order   If selection is given, should legend and colors be ordered
#'                by gof anyways? DEFAULT: FALSE
#' @param add     If TRUE, plot is not called before adding lines. This lets you
#'                add lines to an existing plot. DEFAULT: FALSE
#' @param nbest   Number of distributions plotted, in order of goodness of fit.
#'                Overwritten internally if selection is given. DEFAULT: 5
#' @param log     Logarithmic x-axis? DEFAULT: FALSE
#' @param xlim    X-axis limits. DEFAULT: xlim of plotting positions
#' @param ylim    Y-lim. DEFAULT: from min to extended max
#' @param las     LabelAxisStyle to orient labels, see \code{\link{par}}. DEFAULT: 1
#' @param main    Title of plot. DEFAULT: dlf$datname
#' @param xlab    X axis label. DEFAULT: "Return Period RP  [a]"
#' @param ylab    Y axis label. Please note that the ubuntu pdf viewer might be
#'                unable to display unicode superscript. DEFAULT: "Discharge HQ  [m3/s]"
#' @param PPcol   Plotting Position point colors, vector of length two for
#'                Weibull and Gringorton, recycled. PP are not used for
#'                fitting distributions, but for plotting only. DEFAULT: "black"
#' @param PPpch   point characters for plotting positions after Weibull and
#'                Gringorton, respectively. NA to suppress in plot and legend. DEFAULT: c(16,3)
#' @param PPcex   Character EXpansion of plotting points. DEFAULT: 1
#' @param distcols Color for each distribution added with \code{\link{lines}}.
#'                Recycled, if necessary. DEFAULT: \code{\link[berryFunctions]{rainbow2}}
#' @param lty     Line TYpe for plotted distributions. Is recycled to from a
#'                vector of length nbest, i.e. a value for each dist. DEFAULT: 1
#' @param lwd     Line WiDth of distribution lines. Recycled vector of length nbest.
#'                DEFAULT: 1
#' @param pch     Point CHaracter of points added at regular intervals.
#'                This makes lines more distinguishable from each other.
#'                NA to suppress. Recycled vector of length nbest. DEFAULT: NA
#' @param cex     if pch != NA, size of points. Recycled vector of length nbest.
#'                DEFAULT: 1
#' @param n_pch   Number of points spread evenly along the line.
#'                Recycled vector of length nbest. DEFAULT: 15
#' @param legend  Logical. Add a legend? DEFAULT: TRUE
#' @param rmse    Integer. If rmse > 0, RMSE values are added to legend.
#'                They are rounded to \code{rmse} digits. DEFAULT: 4
#' @param legargs list of arguments passed to \code{\link{legend}} except for
#'                legend, col, pch, lwd, lty. DEFAULT: NULL
#' @param quiet   Suppress notes? DEFAULT: FALSE
#' @param \dots   Further arguments passed to \code{\link{plot}} like yaxt="n", ...
plotLextreme <- function(
xlab="Return Period RP  [a]",
ylab="Discharge HQ  [m\U00B3/s]",
... )
# PP (Plotting Position) points charactereistics recycled:
if(length(PPpch)==1) PPpch[2] <- if(is.na(PPpch)) NA else if(PPpch[1]==3) 4 else 3
PPcol <- rep(PPcol, length.out=2)
PPcex <- rep(PPcex, length.out=2)
# Plotting Positions -----------------------------------------------------------
if(is.null(dlf$npy)) stop("dlf must contain npy element.")
# Calculate PP according to Weibull and Gringorton
# See chapter 15.2 RclickHandbuch.wordpress.com for differences in PP methods
# They're not used for fitting distributions, but for plotting only
m <- sort(dlf$dat_full) # ascendingly sorted extreme values
n <- length(m);  Rank <- 1:n
# RP = Returnperiod = recurrence interval = 1/P_exceedence = 1/(1-P_nonexc.) :
RPw <- 1/(1-  Rank      /(n+1)     )/dlf$npy  # Weibull
RPg <- 1/(1- (Rank-0.44)/(n+0.12)  )/dlf$npy  # Gringorton (taken from lmom:::evplot.default)
#  Selection -------------------------------------------------------------------
dn <- rownames(dlf$gof)[order(dlf$gof$RMSE)] # distribution names
  names(dn) <- dn
  sind <- selection %in% dn
  if(!any(sind)) stop("selection ", toString(selection),
                                   " is not available in dlf$gof.")
  if(any(!sind)) message("Note in plotLextreme: selection ", toString(selection[!sind]),
                         " is not available in dlf$gof, thus ignored.")
  selection <- selection[sind]
  dn <- dn[selection]
    dno <- rownames(dlf$gof)
    dno <- dno[dno %in% dn]
    dn <- dn[dno] # in descending order of goodness of fit
  names(dn) <- NULL
  if(all(is.na(dn))) stop("No distributions are left with current selection.")
  # nbest:
  nbest <- length(dn) # shorten to selection
# nbest must be shorter if dlf with fewer parameters is given as input:
nbest <- pmin(length(dlf$parameter), nbest)
# control distcols length
if(length(distcols) != nbest & !quiet)
  # This happens of distcols is specified with wrong length.
  # Can happen if selection is truncated (misspellings, dists not fitted)
  message("Note in plotLextreme: Length of distcols (",length(distcols),
          ") was not equal to nbest (",nbest,"). Is now recycled.")
  distcols <- rep(distcols, length=nbest)
# Plotting ---------------------------------------------------------------------
# Calculate plot limits if not given:
if(is.null(ylim)) ylim <- c(min(dlf$dat), max(dlf$dat)+0.1*diff(range(dlf$dat)) )
if(is.null(xlim)) xlim <- c(1,range(RPw, RPg)[2])
# draw discharges over return periods:
if(!add) plot(1, type="n", las=las, ylim=ylim, xlim=xlim, main=main, ylab=ylab, xlab=xlab,
              log=if(log) "x" else "", xaxt=if(log) "n" else "s", ...)
if(log) berryFunctions::logAxis(1)
# range of discharges:
yval <- seq(from=par("usr")[3], to=par("usr")[4], length=300)
y_int <- approx(yval, n=n_pch)$y
# Rycycle distfun lines arguments:
lty <- rep(lty, length=nbest)
lwd <- rep(lwd, length=nbest)
pch <- rep(pch, length=nbest)
cex <- rep(cex, length=nbest)
# add nbest distributions as lines:
for(i in nbest:1)
  Pnonexceed <- lmomco::plmomco(yval,dlf$parameter[[dn[i]]]) # print(Pnonexceed, digits=20)
  Pnonexceed[Pnonexceed>1] <- 1 # remove numerical errors
  if(dlf$truncate!=0) Pnonexceed <- Pnonexceed*(1-dlf$truncate) + dlf$truncate
  xval <- 1/(1-Pnonexceed)/dlf$npy
  lines(x=xval, y=yval, col=distcols[i], lty=lty[i], lwd=lwd[i])
    x_int <- approx(xval, n=n_pch)$y
    points(x_int, y_int, pch=pch[i], col=distcols[i])
# Add plotting positions of actual data:
points(RPw, m, pch=PPpch[1], cex=PPcex, col=PPcol[1])
points(RPg, m, pch=PPpch[2], cex=PPcex, col=PPcol[2])
# Legend -----------------------------------------------------------------------
# write the names of distributions. - legargs: legend arguments
PP1 <- !is.na(PPpch[1])
PP2 <- !is.na(PPpch[2])
legdn <- paste(if(rmse>0) formatC(round(dlf$gof[dn,"RMSE"],rmse), format='f', digits=rmse), dn)
legdef <- list(
  legend=c(if(PP1) "Weibull PP",if(PP2)"Gringorten PP", legdn[1:nbest]),
  pch=   c(if(PP1) PPpch[1],    if(PP2) PPpch[2],       pch),
  pt.cex=c(if(PP1) 1,           if(PP2) 1,              cex),
  lwd=   c(if(PP1) NA,          if(PP2) NA,             lwd),
  col=   c(if(PP1) PPcol[1],    if(PP2) PPcol[2],       distcols),
  lty=   c(if(PP1) NA,          if(PP2) NA,             lty),
  cex=0.8, bg="white")
do.call(graphics::legend, args=berryFunctions::owa(legdef, legargs,
# output dlf object
dlf$RPweibull <- RPw
dlf$RPgringorton <- RPg
dlf$distcols <- distcols
dlf$distnames <- dn
dlf$distselector <- "plotLextreme"

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extremeStat documentation built on May 2, 2019, 3:26 a.m.