R/highcharts-api-helpers.R

Defines functions create_yaxis hc_yAxis_multiples hc_motion hc_size hc_elementId tooltip_table tooltip_chart .hc_tooltip_sort .hc_tooltip_table .hc_opt validate_args

Documented in create_yaxis hc_elementId hc_motion hc_size hc_yAxis_multiples tooltip_chart tooltip_table

validate_args <- function(name, lstargs) {
  lstargsnn <- lstargs[which(names(lstargs) == "")]
  lenlst <- length(lstargsnn)

  if (lenlst != 0) {
    chrargs <- lstargsnn %>%
      unlist() %>%
      as.character()

    chrargs <- paste0("'", chrargs, "'", collapse = ", ")

    txt <- ifelse(lenlst == 1, " is ", "s are ")

    stop(chrargs, " argument", txt, "not named in ", paste0("hc_", name),
      call. = FALSE
    )
  }
}

#' @importFrom rlist list.merge
.hc_opt <- function(hc, name, ...) {
  assertthat::assert_that(is.highchart(hc))

  validate_args(name, eval(substitute(alist(...))))

  if (is.null(hc$x$hc_opts[[name]])) {
    hc$x$hc_opts[[name]] <- list(...)
  } else {
    hc$x$hc_opts[[name]] <- list.merge(hc$x$hc_opts[[name]], list(...))
  }

  # Setting fonts
  hc$x$fonts <- unique(c(hc$x$fonts, .hc_get_fonts(hc$x$hc_opts)))

  hc
}

.hc_tooltip_table <- function(hc, ...) {
  # http://stackoverflow.com/a/22327749/829971
  hc %>%
    highcharter::hc_tooltip(
      shared = TRUE,
      useHTML = TRUE,
      headerFormat = "<small>{point.key}</small><table>",
      pointFormat = "<tr><td style=\"color: {series.color}\">{series.name}: </td><td style=\"text-align: right\"><b>{point.y}</b></td></tr>",
      footerFormat = "</table>"
    )
}

.hc_tooltip_sort <- function(hc, ...) {
  # http://stackoverflow.com/a/16954666/829971
  hc %>%
    highcharter::hc_tooltip(
      shared = TRUE,
      formatter = JS(
        "function(tooltip){
          function isArray(obj) {
          return Object.prototype.toString.call(obj) === '[object Array]';
          }

          function splat(obj) {
          return isArray(obj) ? obj : [obj];
          }

          var items = this.points || splat(this), series = items[0].series, s;

          // sort the values
          items.sort(function(a, b){
          return ((a.y < b.y) ? -1 : ((a.y > b.y) ? 1 : 0));
          });
          items.reverse();

          return tooltip.defaultFormatter.call(this, tooltip);
        }"
      )
    )
}

#' Helper to create charts in tooltips.
#'
#' @details This function needs to be used in the `pointFormatter` argument
#' inside of `hc_tooltip` function an `useHTML = TRUE` option.
#'
#' @param accesor A string indicating the name of the column where the data is.
#' @param hc_opts A list of options using the  \url{http://api.highcharts.com/highcharts}
#'   syntax.
#' @param width	A numeric input in pixels indicating the with of the tooltip.
#' @param height	A numeric input in pixels indicating the height of the tooltip.
#'
#' @importFrom stringr str_glue
#' @importFrom htmlwidgets JS
#' @examples
#'
#' \dontrun{
#' require(dplyr)
#' require(purrr)
#' require(tidyr)
#' require(gapminder)
#' data(gapminder, package = "gapminder")
#'
#' gp <- gapminder %>%
#'   arrange(desc(year)) %>%
#'   distinct(country, .keep_all = TRUE)
#'
#' gp2 <- gapminder %>%
#'   nest(-country) %>%
#'   mutate(
#'     data = map(data, mutate_mapping, hcaes(x = lifeExp, y = gdpPercap), drop = TRUE),
#'     data = map(data, list_parse)
#'   ) %>%
#'   rename(ttdata = data)
#'
#' gptot <- left_join(gp, gp2)
#'
#' hc <- hchart(
#'   gptot,
#'   "point",
#'   hcaes(
#'     lifeExp,
#'     gdpPercap,
#'     name = country,
#'     size = pop,
#'     group = continent
#'   )
#' ) %>%
#'   hc_yAxis(type = "logarithmic")
#'
#' hc %>%
#'   hc_tooltip(useHTML = TRUE, pointFormatter = tooltip_chart(accesor = "ttdata"))
#'
#' hc %>%
#'   hc_tooltip(useHTML = TRUE, pointFormatter = tooltip_chart(
#'     accesor = "ttdata",
#'     hc_opts = list(chart = list(type = "column"))
#'   ))
#'
#' hc %>%
#'   hc_tooltip(
#'     useHTML = TRUE,
#'     positioner = JS("function () { return { x: this.chart.plotLeft + 10, y: 10}; }"),
#'     pointFormatter = tooltip_chart(
#'       accesor = "ttdata",
#'       hc_opts = list(
#'         title = list(text = "point.country"),
#'         xAxis = list(title = list(text = "lifeExp")),
#'         yAxis = list(title = list(text = "gdpPercap"))
#'       )
#'     )
#'   )
#'
#' hc %>%
#'   hc_tooltip(
#'     useHTML = TRUE,
#'     pointFormatter = tooltip_chart(
#'       accesor = "ttdata",
#'       hc_opts = list(
#'         legend = list(enabled = TRUE),
#'         series = list(list(color = "gray", name = "point.name"))
#'       )
#'     )
#'   )
#' }
#'
#' @export
tooltip_chart <- function(
                          accesor = NULL,
                          hc_opts = NULL,
                          width = 250,
                          height = 150) {
  assertthat::assert_that(assertthat::is.string(accesor))

  if (is.null(hc_opts)) {
    hc_opts[["series"]][[1]] <- list(data = sprintf("point.%s", accesor))
  } else {
    if (!has_name(hc_opts, "series")) {
      hc_opts[["series"]][[1]] <- list()
    }
    hc_opts[["series"]][[1]][["data"]] <- sprintf("point.%s", accesor)
  }

  hc_opts <- rlist::list.merge(
    getOption("highcharter.chart")[c("title", "yAxis", "xAxis", "credits", "exporting")],
    list(chart = list(backgroundColor = "transparent")),
    list(legend = list(enabled = FALSE), plotOptions = list(series = list(animation = FALSE))),
    hc_opts
  )

  if (!has_name(hc_opts[["series"]][[1]], "color")) hc_opts[["series"]][[1]][["color"]] <- "point.color"

  hcopts <- toJSON(
    x = hc_opts, pretty = TRUE, auto_unbox = TRUE, json_verbatim = TRUE,
    force = TRUE, null = "null", na = "null"
  )
  hcopts <- as.character(hcopts)

  # fix point.color
  hcopts <- str_replace(hcopts, "\\{point.color\\}", "point.color")

  # remove "\"" to have access to the point object
  ts <- stringr::str_extract_all(hcopts, "\"point\\.\\w+\"") %>% unlist()
  for (t in ts) hcopts <- str_replace(hcopts, t, str_replace_all(t, "\"", ""))

  # remove "\"" in the options
  ts <- stringr::str_extract_all(hcopts, "\"\\w+\":") %>% unlist()
  for (t in ts) {
    t2 <- str_replace_all(t, "\"", "")
    hcopts <- str_replace(hcopts, t, t2)
  }

  jss <- "function() {{
  var point = this;
  console.log(point);
  console.log(point.{accesor});
  setTimeout(function() {{

  $(\"#tooltipchart-{id}\").highcharts(hcopts);

  }, 0);

  return '<div id=\"tooltipchart-{id}\" style=\"width: {w}px; height: {h}px;\"></div>';

  }}"

  jsss <- stringr::str_glue(jss, id = random_id(), w = width, h = height, accesor = accesor)

  jsss <- stringr::str_replace(jsss, "hcopts", hcopts)

  JS(jsss)
}

#' Helper for make table in tooltips
#'
#' Helper to make table in tooltips for the \code{pointFormat}
#' parameter in \code{hc_tooltip}
#'
#' @param x A string vector with description text
#' @param y A string with accessors example: \code{point.series.name},
#'   \code{point.x}
#' @param title A title tag with accessors or string
#' @param img Image tag
#' @param ... html attributes for the table element
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' x <- c("Income:", "Genre", "Runtime")
#' y <- c(
#'   "$ {point.y}", "{point.series.options.extra.genre}",
#'   "{point.series.options.extra.runtime}"
#' )
#'
#' tooltip_table(x, y)
#' @importFrom purrr map2
#' @importFrom htmltools tags tagList
#' @export
tooltip_table <- function(x, y,
                          title = NULL,
                          img = NULL, ...) {
  assertthat::assert_that(length(x) == length(y))

  tbl <- map2(x, y, function(x, y) {
    tags$tr(
      tags$th(x),
      tags$td(y)
    )
  })

  tbl <- tags$table(tbl, ...)

  if (!is.null(title)) {
    tbl <- tagList(title, tbl)
  }

  if (!is.null(img)) {
    tbl <- tagList(tbl, img)
  }

  as.character(tbl)
}

#' Setting \code{elementId}
#'
#' Function to modify the \code{id} for the container.
#'
#' @param hc A `highchart` `htmlwidget` object.
#' @param id A string
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' hchart(rnorm(10)) %>%
#'   hc_elementId("newid")
#' @export
hc_elementId <- function(hc, id = NULL) {
  assertthat::assert_that(is.highchart(hc))

  hc$elementId <- as.character(id)

  hc
}

#' Changing the size of a `highchart` object
#'
#' @param hc A `highchart` `htmlwidget` object.
#' @param width	A numeric input in pixels.
#' @param height	A numeric input in pixels.
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' hc <- hchart(ts(rnorm(100)), showInLegend = FALSE)
#'
#' hc_size(hc, 200, 200)
#' @export
hc_size <- function(hc, width = NULL, height = NULL) {
  assertthat::assert_that(is.highchart(hc))

  if (!is.null(width)) {
    # Set for both static renderer and `shinyRenderer`,
    # where width is handled by Highcharts in the htmlwidget.
    hc$width <- width
    hc <- .hc_opt(hc, "chart", width = width)
  }

  if (!is.null(height)) {
    # Set for both static renderer and `shinyRenderer`,
    # where height is handled by Highcharts in the htmlwidget.
    hc$height <- height
    hc <- .hc_opt(hc, "chart", height = height)
  }

  hc
}

#' Setting Motion options to highcharts objects
#'
#' The Motion Highcharts Plugin adds an interactive HTML5 player
#' to any Highcharts chart (Highcharts, Highmaps and Highstock).
#'
#' @param hc A \code{highchart} \code{htmlwidget} object.
#' @param enabled Enable the motion plugin.
#' @param startIndex start index, default to 0.
#' @param ... Arguments defined in \url{https://github.com/larsac07/Motion-Highcharts-Plugin/wiki}.
#'
#' @export
hc_motion <- function(hc, enabled = TRUE, startIndex = 0, ...) {
  
  hc <- .hc_opt(hc, "motion", enabled = enabled, startIndex = startIndex, ...)

  hc
}

#' @rdname hc_add_yAxis
#' @export
hc_yAxis_multiples <- function(hc, ...) {
  if (length(list(...)) == 1 & class(list(...)[[1]]) == "hc_yaxis_list") {
    hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis <- list(...)[[1]]
  } else {
    hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis <- list(...)
  }

  hc
}

#' Creating multiples yAxis t use with highcharts
#' 
#' @param naxis Number of axis an integer.
#' @param heights A numeric vector. This values will be normalized.
#' @param sep A numeric value for the separation (in percentage) for the panes.
#' @param offset A numeric value (in percentage).
#' @param turnopposite A logical value to turn the side of each axis or not.
#' @param ... Arguments defined in \url{http://api.highcharts.com/highcharts/yAxis}.
#' 
#' @examples
#'
#' highchart() %>%
#'   hc_yAxis_multiples(create_yaxis(naxis = 2, heights = c(2, 1))) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(data = c(1, 3, 2), yAxis = 0) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(data = c(20, 40, 10), yAxis = 1)
#'
#' highchart() %>%
#'   hc_yAxis_multiples(create_yaxis(naxis = 3, lineWidth = 2, title = list(text = NULL))) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(data = c(1, 3, 2)) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(data = c(20, 40, 10), yAxis = 1) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(data = c(200, 400, 500), type = "columnn", yAxis = 2) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(data = c(500, 300, 400), type = "columnn", yAxis = 2)
#'   
#' @importFrom dplyr bind_cols
#' @rdname hc_add_yAxis
#' @export
create_yaxis <- function(naxis = 2, heights = 1, sep = 0.01,
                         offset = 0, turnopposite = TRUE, ...) {
  pcnt <- function(x) paste0(x * 100, "%")

  heights <- rep(heights, length = naxis)

  heights <- (heights / sum(heights)) %>%
    map(function(x) c(x, sep)) %>%
    unlist() %>%
    head(-1) %>%
    {
      . / sum(.)
    } %>%
    round(5)

  tops <- cumsum(c(0, head(heights, -1)))

  tops <- pcnt(tops)
  heights <- pcnt(heights)

  dfaxis <- tibble(height = heights, top = tops, offset = offset)

  dfaxis <- dfaxis %>% dplyr::filter(seq_len(nrow(dfaxis)) %% 2 != 0)

  if (turnopposite) {
    ops <- rep_len(c(FALSE, TRUE), length.out = nrow(dfaxis))
    dfaxis <- dfaxis %>%
      mutate(opposite = ops)
  }

  dfaxis <- bind_cols(dfaxis, tibble(nid = seq(naxis), ...))

  yaxis <- list_parse(dfaxis)

  class(yaxis) <- "hc_yaxis_list"

  yaxis
}

#' yAxis add highcharter objects
#' 
#' The Y axis or value axis. Normally this is the vertical axis,
#' though if the chart is inverted this is the horizontal axis.
#' Add yAxis allows to add multiple axis with a relative height between Y axis.
#' Based upon the `relative` parameter the height of each Y axis is recalculated.
#' Otherwise the parameters are as supported by Y axis.
#' 
#' @param hc A `highchart` `htmlwidget` object. 
#' @param ... Arguments defined in \url{https://api.highcharts.com/highcharts/yAxis}. 
#'
#' @examples
#' 
#' # Retrieve stock data to plot.
#' aapl <- quantmod::getSymbols("AAPL", 
#'   src = "yahoo",
#'   from = "2020-01-01",
#'   auto.assign = FALSE
#' )
#' 
#' # Plot prices and volume with relative height.
#' highchart(type = "stock") %>%
#'   hc_title(text = "AAPLE") %>%
#'   hc_add_series(aapl, yAxis = 0, showInLegend = FALSE) %>%
#'   hc_add_yAxis(nid = 1L, title = list(text = "Prices"), relative = 2) %>%
#'   hc_add_series(aapl[, "AAPL.Volume"], yAxis = 1, type = "column", showInLegend = FALSE) %>%
#'   hc_add_yAxis(nid = 2L, title = list(text = "Volume"), relative = 1)
#'   
#' @export
hc_add_yAxis <- function(hc, ...) {
  
  # author @nordicgit70
  
  assertthat::assert_that(is.highchart(hc))
  
  # Check for single yAxis, by title attribute.
  if (assertthat::has_name(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis, "title")) {
    # When yAxis only has empty title we can overwrite,
    # otherwise we move yAxis to become first in the list.
    if ((length(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis) == 1) &&
        is.null(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis$title$text)) {
      hc <- .hc_opt(hc, "yAxis", ...)
      return(hc)
    } else { # move the existing yAxis
      hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis <- list(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis)
    }
  }
  
  # Add new yAxis to the list.
  validate_args("yAxis", eval(substitute(alist(...))))
  hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis <- append(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis, list(list(...)))
  
  # Optional layout with relative heights.
  relative <- list(...)["relative"]
  if (!is.null(relative)) {
    # Calculate the total relative(s) and initiate offset.
    layout <- Reduce("+", lapply(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis, function(y) { y$relative }))
    tops <- 0
    for (i in 1:length(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis)) {
      part <- as.numeric(hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis[[i]]["relative"]) 
      height <- round((part * 100)/layout, 3)
      hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis[[i]]["top"] <- paste0(tops, "%")
      hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis[[i]]["height"] <- paste0(height, "%")
      hc$x$hc_opts$yAxis[[i]]["offset"] <- 0
      tops <- tops + height
    }
  }
  return(hc)
}

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highcharter documentation built on July 26, 2020, 9:07 a.m.