elasticity3.list: Estimate Elasticity of Population Growth Rate of a List of...

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elasticity3.listR Documentation

Estimate Elasticity of Population Growth Rate of a List of Matrices

Description

elasticity3.list() returns the elasticities of lambda to elements of a single matrix. This function can handle large and sparse matrices, and so can be used with large historical matrices, IPMs, age x stage matrices, as well as smaller ahistorical matrices.

Usage

## S3 method for class 'list'
elasticity3(
  mats,
  stochastic = FALSE,
  times = 10000,
  tweights = NA,
  historical = FALSE,
  seed = NA,
  sparse = "auto",
  append_mats = FALSE,
  ...
)

Arguments

mats

A list of objects of class matrix or dgCMatrix.

stochastic

A logical value determining whether to conduct a deterministic (FALSE) or stochastic (TRUE) elasticity analysis. Defaults to FALSE.

times

The number of occasions to project forward in stochastic simulation. Defaults to 10,000.

tweights

An optional numeric vector or matrix denoting the probabilities of choosing each matrix in a stochastic projection. If a matrix is input, then a first-order Markovian environment is assumed, in which the probability of choosing a specific annual matrix depends on which annual matrix is currently chosen. If a vector is input, then the choice of annual matrix is assumed to be independent of the current matrix. Defaults to equal weighting among matrices.

historical

A logical value denoting whether the input matrices are historical. Defaults to FALSE.

seed

A number to use as a random number seed in stochastic projection.

sparse

A text string indicating whether to use sparse matrix encoding ("yes") or dense matrix encoding ("no"). Defaults to "auto", in which case sparse matrix encoding is used with square matrices with at least 50 rows and no more than 50% of elements with values greater than zero.

append_mats

A logical value indicating whether to include the original matrices input as object mats in the output lefkoElas object.

...

Other parameters.

Value

This function returns an object of class lefkoElas, which is a list with 8 elements. The first, h_elasmats, is a list of historical elasticity matrices, though in the standard list case it returns a NULL value. The second, ah_elasmats, is a list of ahistorical elasticity matrices. The third element, hstages, the fourth element, agestages, and the fifth element, ahstages, are set to NULL. The last 3 elements are the original A matrices in element A, followed by NULL values for the U and F elements.

Notes

Deterministic elasticities are estimated as eqn. 9.72 in Caswell (2001, Matrix Population Models). Stochastic elasticities are estimated as eqn. 14.99 in Caswell (2001). Note that stochastic elasticities are of stochastic \lambda, while stochastic sensitivities are with regard to the log of the stochastic \lambda.

Speed can sometimes be increased by shifting from automatic sparse matrix determination to forced dense or sparse matrix projection. This will most likely occur when matrices have between 30 and 300 rows and columns. Defaults work best when matrices are very small and dense, or very large and sparse.

The time_weights, steps, and force_sparse arguments are now deprecated. Instead, please use the tweights, times, and sparse arguments.

See Also

elasticity3()

elasticity3.lefkoMat()

elasticity3.matrix()

elasticity3.dgCMatrix()

summary.lefkoElas()

Examples

# Lathyrus example
data(lathyrus)

sizevector <- c(0, 100, 13, 127, 3730, 3800, 0)
stagevector <- c("Sd", "Sdl", "VSm", "Sm", "VLa", "Flo", "Dorm")
repvector <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0)
obsvector <- c(0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0)
matvector <- c(0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
immvector <- c(1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
propvector <- c(1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
indataset <- c(0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
binvec <- c(0, 100, 11, 103, 3500, 3800, 0.5)

lathframe <- sf_create(sizes = sizevector, stagenames = stagevector,
  repstatus = repvector, obsstatus = obsvector, matstatus = matvector,
  immstatus = immvector, indataset = indataset, binhalfwidth = binvec,
  propstatus = propvector)

lathvert <- verticalize3(lathyrus, noyears = 4, firstyear = 1988,
  patchidcol = "SUBPLOT", individcol = "GENET", blocksize = 9,
  juvcol = "Seedling1988", sizeacol = "Volume88", repstracol = "FCODE88",
  fecacol = "Intactseed88", deadacol = "Dead1988",
  nonobsacol = "Dormant1988", stageassign = lathframe, stagesize = "sizea",
  censorcol = "Missing1988", censorkeep = NA, censor = TRUE)

lathsupp3 <- supplemental(stage3 = c("Sd", "Sd", "Sdl", "Sdl", "Sd", "Sdl", "mat"),
  stage2 = c("Sd", "Sd", "Sd", "Sd", "rep", "rep", "Sdl"),
  stage1 = c("Sd", "rep", "Sd", "rep", "npr", "npr", "Sd"),
  eststage3 = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "mat"),
  eststage2 = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Sdl"),
  eststage1 = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "NotAlive"),
  givenrate = c(0.345, 0.345, 0.054, 0.054, NA, NA, NA),
  multiplier = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.345, 0.054, NA),
  type = c(1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1), type_t12 = c(1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1),
  stageframe = lathframe, historical = TRUE)

ehrlen3 <- rlefko3(data = lathvert, stageframe = lathframe, year = "all", 
  stages = c("stage3", "stage2", "stage1"), supplement = lathsupp3,
  yearcol = "year2", indivcol = "individ")

elasticity3(ehrlen3$A, stochastic = TRUE)

# Cypripedium example
data(cypdata)

sizevector <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2.5, 4.5, 8, 17.5)
stagevector <- c("SD", "P1", "P2", "P3", "SL", "D", "XSm", "Sm", "Md", "Lg",
  "XLg")
repvector <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
obsvector <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
matvector <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
immvector <- c(0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
propvector <- c(1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
indataset <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
binvec <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0.5, 0.5, 1, 1, 2.5, 7)

cypframe_raw <- sf_create(sizes = sizevector, stagenames = stagevector,
  repstatus = repvector, obsstatus = obsvector, matstatus = matvector,
  propstatus = propvector, immstatus = immvector, indataset = indataset,
  binhalfwidth = binvec)

cypraw_v1 <- verticalize3(data = cypdata, noyears = 6, firstyear = 2004,
  patchidcol = "patch", individcol = "plantid", blocksize = 4,
  sizeacol = "Inf2.04", sizebcol = "Inf.04", sizeccol = "Veg.04",
  repstracol = "Inf.04", repstrbcol = "Inf2.04", fecacol = "Pod.04",
  stageassign = cypframe_raw, stagesize = "sizeadded", NAas0 = TRUE,
  NRasRep = TRUE)

cypsupp2r <- supplemental(stage3 = c("SD", "P1", "P2", "P3", "SL", "D", 
    "XSm", "Sm", "SD", "P1"),
  stage2 = c("SD", "SD", "P1", "P2", "P3", "SL", "SL", "SL", "rep",
    "rep"),
  eststage3 = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "D", "XSm", "Sm", NA, NA),
  eststage2 = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "XSm", "XSm", "XSm", NA, NA),
  givenrate = c(0.10, 0.20, 0.20, 0.20, 0.25, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA),
  multiplier = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.5, 0.5),
  type =c(1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3),
  stageframe = cypframe_raw, historical = FALSE)

cypmatrix2r <- rlefko2(data = cypraw_v1, stageframe = cypframe_raw, 
  year = "all", patch = "all", stages = c("stage3", "stage2", "stage1"),
  size = c("size3added", "size2added"), supplement = cypsupp2r,
  yearcol = "year2", patchcol = "patchid", indivcol = "individ")

elasticity3(cypmatrix2r$A)


lefko3 documentation built on May 29, 2024, 6:39 a.m.