#' Catch errors and warnings and store them for subsequent evaluation
#' Factory modified from a version written by Martin Morgan on Stack Overflow (see below).  
#' Factory generates a function which is appropriately wrapped by error handlers.  
#' If there are no errors and no warnings, the result is provided.  
#' If there are warnings but no errors, the result is provided with a warn attribute set.
#' If there are errors, the result retutrns is a list with the elements of warn and err.
#' This is a nice way to recover from a problems that may have occurred during loop evaluation or during cluster usage.
#' Check the references for additional related functions.
#' I have not included the other factory functions included in the original Stack Overflow answer because they did not play well with the return item as an S4 object.
#' @export
#' @param fun The function to be turned into a factory
#' @param debug print debugging statements?
#' @param errval the value to be returned from the function if an error is thrown
#' @param types which types to catch?
#' @return The result of the function given to turn into a factory.  If this function was in error "An error as occurred" as a character element.  factory-error and factory-warning attributes may also be set as appropriate.
#' @references
#' \url{http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4948361/how-do-i-save-warnings-and-errors-as-output-from-a-function}
#' @author Martin Morgan; Modified by Russell S. Pierce and Ben Bolker
#' @examples 
#' f.log <- factory(log)
#' f.log("a")
#' f.log.NA <- factory(log,errval=NA)
#' f.log.NA("a")
#' f.as.numeric <- factory(as.numeric)
#' f.as.numeric(c("a","b",1))
factory <- function (fun, debug=FALSE,
                     errval="An error occurred in the factory function",
                     types=c("message","warning","error")) {
    function(...) {
    errorOccurred <- FALSE
    warn <- err <- msg <- NULL
    res <- withCallingHandlers(tryCatch(fun(...),
                                        error = function(e) {
        if (debug) cat("error: ",conditionMessage(e),"\n")
        err <<- conditionMessage(e)
        errorOccurred <<- TRUE
    }), warning = function(w) {
        if (!"warning" %in% types) {
        } else {
            warn <<- append(warn, conditionMessage(w))
    message = function(m) {
        if (debug) cat("message: ",conditionMessage(m),"\n")
        if (!"message" %in% types) {
        } else {
            msg <<- append(msg, conditionMessage(m))
    if (errorOccurred) {
        if (!"error" %in% types) stop(err)
        res <- errval

    setattr <- function(x, attrib, value) {
        attr(x,attrib) <- value

    attr_fun <- function(x,str,msg) {
        setattr(x,paste0("factory-",str), if(is.character(msg)) msg else NULL)

    res <- attr_fun(res, "message", msg)
    res <- attr_fun(res, "warning", warn)
    res <- attr_fun(res, "error", err)



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lme4 documentation built on June 22, 2021, 9:07 a.m.