map_depth: Map/modify elements at given depth

View source: R/map-depth.R

map_depthR Documentation

Map/modify elements at given depth


map_depth() calls map(.y, .f) on all .y at the specified .depth in .x. modify_depth() calls modify(.y, .f) on .y at the specified .depth in .x.


map_depth(.x, .depth, .f, ..., .ragged = .depth < 0, .is_node = NULL)

modify_depth(.x, .depth, .f, ..., .ragged = .depth < 0, .is_node = NULL)



A list or atomic vector.


Level of .x to map on. Use a negative value to count up from the lowest level of the list.

  • map_depth(x, 0, fun) is equivalent to fun(x).

  • map_depth(x, 1, fun) is equivalent to x <- map(x, fun)

  • map_depth(x, 2, fun) is equivalent to x <- map(x, \(y) map(y, fun))


A function, specified in one of the following ways:

  • A named function, e.g. mean.

  • An anonymous function, e.g. \(x) x + 1 or function(x) x + 1.

  • A formula, e.g. ~ .x + 1. You must use .x to refer to the first argument. Only recommended if you require backward compatibility with older versions of R.

  • A string, integer, or list, e.g. "idx", 1, or list("idx", 1) which are shorthand for \(x) pluck(x, "idx"), \(x) pluck(x, 1), and \(x) pluck(x, "idx", 1) respectively. Optionally supply .default to set a default value if the indexed element is NULL or does not exist.


Additional arguments passed on to the mapped function.

We now generally recommend against using ... to pass additional (constant) arguments to .f. Instead use a shorthand anonymous function:

# Instead of
x |> map(f, 1, 2, collapse = ",")
# do:
x |> map(\(x) f(x, 1, 2, collapse = ","))

This makes it easier to understand which arguments belong to which function and will tend to yield better error messages.


If TRUE, will apply to leaves, even if they're not at depth .depth. If FALSE, will throw an error if there are no elements at depth .depth.


A predicate function that determines whether an element is a node (by returning TRUE) or a leaf (by returning FALSE). The default value, NULL, treats simple lists as nodes and everything else (including richer objects like data frames and linear models) as leaves, using vctrs::vec_is_list(). To recurse into all objects built on lists use is.list().

See Also

modify_tree() for a recursive version of modify_depth() that allows you to apply a function to every leaf or every node.

Other map variants: imap(), lmap(), map2(), map_if(), map(), modify(), pmap()

Other modify variants: modify_tree(), modify()


# map_depth() -------------------------------------------------
# Use `map_depth()` to recursively traverse nested vectors and map
# a function at a certain depth:
x <- list(a = list(foo = 1:2, bar = 3:4), b = list(baz = 5:6))
x |> str()
x |> map_depth(2, \(y) paste(y, collapse = "/")) |> str()

# Equivalent to:
x |> map(\(y) map(y, \(z) paste(z, collapse = "/"))) |> str()

# When ragged is TRUE, `.f()` will also be passed leaves at depth < `.depth`
x <- list(1, list(1, list(1, list(1, 1))))
x |> str()
x |> map_depth(4, \(x) length(unlist(x)), .ragged = TRUE) |> str()
x |> map_depth(3, \(x) length(unlist(x)), .ragged = TRUE) |> str()
x |> map_depth(2, \(x) length(unlist(x)), .ragged = TRUE) |> str()
x |> map_depth(1, \(x) length(unlist(x)), .ragged = TRUE) |> str()
x |> map_depth(0, \(x) length(unlist(x)), .ragged = TRUE) |> str()

# modify_depth() -------------------------------------------------
l1 <- list(
  obj1 = list(
    prop1 = list(param1 = 1:2, param2 = 3:4),
    prop2 = list(param1 = 5:6, param2 = 7:8)
  obj2 = list(
    prop1 = list(param1 = 9:10, param2 = 11:12),
    prop2 = list(param1 = 12:14, param2 = 15:17)

# In the above list, "obj" is level 1, "prop" is level 2 and "param"
# is level 3. To apply sum() on all params, we map it at depth 3:
l1 |> modify_depth(3, sum) |> str()

# modify() lets us pluck the elements prop1/param2 in obj1 and obj2:
l1 |> modify(c("prop1", "param2")) |> str()

# But what if we want to pluck all param2 elements? Then we need to
# act at a lower level:
l1 |> modify_depth(2, "param2") |> str()

# modify_depth() can be with other purrr functions to make them operate at
# a lower level. Here we ask pmap() to map paste() simultaneously over all
# elements of the objects at the second level. paste() is effectively
# mapped at level 3.
l1 |> modify_depth(2, \(x) pmap(x, paste, sep = " / ")) |> str()

purrr documentation built on Jan. 10, 2023, 5:15 p.m.