map_if: Apply a function to each element of a vector conditionally

View source: R/map-if-at.R

map_ifR Documentation

Apply a function to each element of a vector conditionally


The functions map_if() and map_at() take .x as input, apply the function .f to some of the elements of .x, and return a list of the same length as the input.

  • map_if() takes a predicate function .p as input to determine which elements of .x are transformed with .f.

  • map_at() takes a vector of names or positions .at to specify which elements of .x are transformed with .f.


map_if(.x, .p, .f, ..., .else = NULL)

map_at(.x, .at, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)



A list or atomic vector.


A single predicate function, a formula describing such a predicate function, or a logical vector of the same length as .x. Alternatively, if the elements of .x are themselves lists of objects, a string indicating the name of a logical element in the inner lists. Only those elements where .p evaluates to TRUE will be modified.


A function, specified in one of the following ways:

  • A named function, e.g. mean.

  • An anonymous function, e.g. ⁠\(x) x + 1⁠ or function(x) x + 1.

  • A formula, e.g. ~ .x + 1. You must use .x to refer to the first argument. Only recommended if you require backward compatibility with older versions of R.

  • A string, integer, or list, e.g. "idx", 1, or list("idx", 1) which are shorthand for ⁠\(x) pluck(x, "idx")⁠, ⁠\(x) pluck(x, 1)⁠, and ⁠\(x) pluck(x, "idx", 1)⁠ respectively. Optionally supply .default to set a default value if the indexed element is NULL or does not exist.


Additional arguments passed on to the mapped function.

We now generally recommend against using ... to pass additional (constant) arguments to .f. Instead use a shorthand anonymous function:

# Instead of
x |> map(f, 1, 2, collapse = ",")
# do:
x |> map(\(x) f(x, 1, 2, collapse = ","))

This makes it easier to understand which arguments belong to which function and will tend to yield better error messages.


A function applied to elements of .x for which .p returns FALSE.


A logical, integer, or character vector giving the elements to select. Alternatively, a function that takes a vector of names, and returns a logical, integer, or character vector of elements to select.

[Deprecated]: if the tidyselect package is installed, you can use vars() and tidyselect helpers to select elements.


Whether to show a progress bar. Use TRUE to turn on a basic progress bar, use a string to give it a name, or see progress_bars for more details.

See Also

Other map variants: imap(), lmap(), map2(), map_depth(), map(), modify(), pmap()


# Use a predicate function to decide whether to map a function:
iris |> map_if(is.factor, as.character) |> str()

# Specify an alternative with the `.else` argument:
iris |> map_if(is.factor, as.character, .else = as.integer) |> str()

# Use numeric vector of positions select elements to change:
iris |> map_at(c(4, 5), is.numeric) |> str()

# Use vector of names to specify which elements to change:
iris |> map_at("Species", toupper) |> str()

purrr documentation built on Aug. 10, 2023, 9:08 a.m.