map2: Map over two inputs

View source: R/map2.R

map2R Documentation

Map over two inputs


These functions are variants of map() that iterate over two arguments at a time.


map2(.x, .y, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)

map2_lgl(.x, .y, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)

map2_int(.x, .y, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)

map2_dbl(.x, .y, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)

map2_chr(.x, .y, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)

map2_vec(.x, .y, .f, ..., .ptype = NULL, .progress = FALSE)

walk2(.x, .y, .f, ..., .progress = FALSE)


.x, .y

A pair of vectors, usually the same length. If not, a vector of length 1 will be recycled to the length of the other.


A function, specified in one of the following ways:

  • A named function.

  • An anonymous function, e.g. ⁠\(x, y) x + y⁠ or function(x, y) x + y.

  • A formula, e.g. ~ .x + .y. You must use .x to refer to the current element of x and .y to refer to the current element of y. Only recommended if you require backward compatibility with older versions of R.


Additional arguments passed on to the mapped function.

We now generally recommend against using ... to pass additional (constant) arguments to .f. Instead use a shorthand anonymous function:

# Instead of
x |> map(f, 1, 2, collapse = ",")
# do:
x |> map(\(x) f(x, 1, 2, collapse = ","))

This makes it easier to understand which arguments belong to which function and will tend to yield better error messages.


Whether to show a progress bar. Use TRUE to turn on a basic progress bar, use a string to give it a name, or see progress_bars for more details.


If NULL, the default, the output type is the common type of the elements of the result. Otherwise, supply a "prototype" giving the desired type of output.


The output length is determined by the length of the input. The output names are determined by the input names. The output type is determined by the suffix:

  • No suffix: a list; .f() can return anything.

  • ⁠_lgl()⁠, ⁠_int()⁠, ⁠_dbl()⁠, ⁠_chr()⁠ return a logical, integer, double, or character vector respectively; .f() must return a compatible atomic vector of length 1.

  • ⁠_vec()⁠ return an atomic or S3 vector, the same type that .f returns. .f can return pretty much any type of vector, as long as its length 1.

  • walk() returns the input .x (invisibly). This makes it easy to use in a pipe. The return value of .f() is ignored.

Any errors thrown by .f will be wrapped in an error with class purrr_error_indexed.

See Also

Other map variants: imap(), lmap(), map_depth(), map_if(), map(), modify(), pmap()


x <- list(1, 1, 1)
y <- list(10, 20, 30)

map2(x, y, \(x, y) x + y)
# Or just
map2(x, y, `+`)

# Split into pieces, fit model to each piece, then predict
by_cyl <- mtcars |> split(mtcars$cyl)
mods <- by_cyl |> map(\(df) lm(mpg ~ wt, data = df))
map2(mods, by_cyl, predict)

purrr documentation built on Aug. 10, 2023, 9:08 a.m.