# bw.scott: Scott's Rule for Bandwidth Selection for Kernel Density In spatstat.explore: Exploratory Data Analysis for the 'spatstat' Family

 bw.scott R Documentation

## Scott's Rule for Bandwidth Selection for Kernel Density

### Description

Use Scott's rule of thumb to determine the smoothing bandwidth for the kernel estimation of point process intensity.

### Usage

   bw.scott(X, isotropic=FALSE, d=NULL)

bw.scott.iso(X)


### Arguments

 X A point pattern (object of class "ppp", "lpp", "pp3" or "ppx"). isotropic Logical value indicating whether to compute a single bandwidth for an isotropic Gaussian kernel (isotropic=TRUE) or separate bandwidths for each coordinate axis (isotropic=FALSE, the default). d Advanced use only. An integer value that should be used in Scott's formula instead of the true number of spatial dimensions.

### Details

These functions select a bandwidth sigma for the kernel estimator of point process intensity computed by density.ppp or other appropriate functions. They can be applied to a point pattern belonging to any class "ppp", "lpp", "pp3" or "ppx".

The bandwidth \sigma is computed by the rule of thumb of Scott (1992, page 152, equation 6.42). The bandwidth is proportional to n^{-1/(d+4)} where n is the number of points and d is the number of spatial dimensions.

This rule is very fast to compute. It typically produces a larger bandwidth than bw.diggle. It is useful for estimating gradual trend.

If isotropic=FALSE (the default), bw.scott provides a separate bandwidth for each coordinate axis, and the result of the function is a vector, of length equal to the number of coordinates. If isotropic=TRUE, a single bandwidth value is computed and the result is a single numeric value.

bw.scott.iso(X) is equivalent to bw.scott(X, isotropic=TRUE).

The default value of d is as follows:

 class dimension "ppp" 2 "lpp" 1 "pp3" 3 "ppx" number of spatial coordinates

The use of d=1 for point patterns on a linear network (class "lpp") was proposed by McSwiggan et al (2016) and Rakshit et al (2019).

### Value

A numerical value giving the selected bandwidth, or a numerical vector giving the selected bandwidths for each coordinate.

\spatstatAuthors

.

### References

Scott, D.W. (1992) Multivariate Density Estimation. Theory, Practice and Visualization. New York: Wiley.

density.ppp, bw.diggle, bw.ppl, bw.CvL, bw.frac.

### Examples

  hickory <- split(lansing)[["hickory"]]
b <- bw.scott(hickory)
b
if(interactive()) {
plot(density(hickory, b))
}
bw.scott.iso(hickory)
bw.scott(osteo\$pts[[1]])


spatstat.explore documentation built on May 29, 2024, 4:04 a.m.