delete.stop.words: Exclude stop words (e.g. pronouns, particles, etc.) from a...

Description Usage Arguments Details Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/delete.stop.words.R

Description

Function for removing custom words from a dataset: it can be the so-called stop words (frequent words without much meaning), or personal pronouns, or other custom elements of a dataset. It can be used to cull certain words from a vector containing tokenized text (particular words as elements of the vector), or to exclude unwanted columns (variables) from a table with frequencies. See examples below.

Usage

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delete.stop.words(input.data, stop.words = NULL)

Arguments

input.data

either a vector containing words (actually, any countable features), or a data matrix/frame. The former in case of culling stop words from running text, the latter for culling them from tables of frequencies (then particular columns are excluded). The table should be oriented to contain samples in rows, variables in columns, and variables' names should be accessible via colnames(input.table).

stop.words

a vector of words to be excluded.

Details

This function might be usefull to perform culling, or automatic deletion of the words that are too characteristic for particular texts. See help(culling) for further details.

Author(s)

Maciej Eder

See Also

stylo.pronouns, perform.culling

Examples

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# (i) excluding stop words from a vector
my.text = c("omnis", "homines", "qui", "sese", "student", "praestare", 
        "ceteris", "animalibus", "summa", "ope", "niti", "decet", "ne",
        "vitam", "silentio", "transeant", "veluti", "pecora", "quae",
        "natura", "prona", "atque", "ventri", "oboedientia", "finxit")
delete.stop.words(my.text, stop.words = c("qui", "quae", "ne", "atque"))


# (ii) excluding stop words from tabular data
#
# assume there is a matrix containing some frequencies
# (be aware that these counts are fictional):
t1 = c(2, 1, 0, 8, 9, 5, 6, 3, 4, 7)
t2 = c(7, 0, 5, 9, 1, 8, 6, 4, 2, 3)
t3 = c(5, 9, 2, 1, 6, 7, 8, 0, 3, 4)
t4 = c(2, 8, 6, 3, 0, 5, 9, 4, 7, 1)
my.data.table = rbind(t1, t2, t3, t4)

# names of the samples:
rownames(my.data.table) = c("text1", "text2", "text3", "text4")
# names of the variables (e.g. words):
colnames(my.data.table) = c("the", "of", "in", "she", "me", "you",
                                    "them", "if", "they", "he")
# the table looks as follows
print(my.data.table)

# now, one might want to get rid of the words "the", "of", "if":
delete.stop.words(my.data.table, stop.words = c("the", "of", "if"))

# also, some pre-defined lists of pronouns can be applied:
delete.stop.words(my.data.table, 
                      stop.words = stylo.pronouns(language = "English"))

stylo documentation built on May 26, 2018, 5:03 p.m.