vect: Create SpatVector objects

vectR Documentation

Create SpatVector objects


Methods to create a SpatVector from a filename or other R object.

A filename can be for a shapefile or any spatial file format.

You can use a data.frame to make a SpatVector of points; or a "geom" matrix to make a SpatVector of any supported geometry (see examples and geom).

You can supply a list of SpatVectors to append them into a single SpatVector.

SpatVectors can also be created from "Well Known Text", and from spatial vector data objects defined in the sf or sp packages.


## S4 method for signature 'character'
vect(x, layer="", query="", extent=NULL, filter=NULL, 
		crs="", proxy=FALSE, what="", opts=NULL)

## S4 method for signature 'matrix'
vect(x, type="points", atts=NULL, crs="")

## S4 method for signature 'data.frame'
vect(x, geom=c("lon", "lat"), crs="", keepgeom=FALSE)

## S4 method for signature 'list'
vect(x, type="points", crs="")

## S4 method for signature 'SpatExtent'
vect(x, crs="")

## S4 method for signature 'SpatVectorCollection'

## S4 method for signature 'sf'



character. A filename; or a "Well Known Text" string; SpatExtent, data.frame (to make a SpatVector of points); a "geom" matrix to make a SpatVector of any supported geometry (see examples and geom); a spatial vector data object defined in the sf or sp packages; or a list with matrices with coordinates


character. layer name to select a layer from a file (database) with multiple layers


character. A query to subset the dataset in the OGR-SQL dialect


Spat* object. The extent of the object is used as a spatial filter to select the geometries to read. Ignored if filter is not NULL


SpatVector. Used as a spatial filter to select geometries to read (the convex hull is used for lines or points). It is guaranteed that all features that overlap with the extent of filter will be returned. It can happen that additional geometries are returned


character. Geometry type. Must be "points", "lines", or "polygons"


data.frame with the attributes. The number of rows must match the number of geometrical elements


character. The coordinate reference system in one of the following formats: WKT/WKT2, <authority>:<code>, or PROJ-string notation (see crs)


logical. If TRUE a SpatVectorProxy is returned


character indicating what to read. Either "" for geometries and attributes, or "geoms" to only read the geometries, "attributes" to only read the attributes (that are returned as a data.frame)


character. GDAL dataset open options


character. The field name(s) with the geometry data. Either two names for x and y coordinates of points, or a single name for a single column with WKT geometries


logical. If TRUE the geom variable(s) is (are) also included in the attributes



See Also



### SpatVector from file
f <- system.file("ex/lux.shp", package="terra")
v <- vect(f)

## subsetting (large) files
## with attribute query 
v <- vect(f, query="SELECT NAME_1, NAME_2, ID_2 FROM lux WHERE ID_2 < 4")

## with an extent
e <- ext(5.9, 6.3, 49.9, 50) 
v <- vect(f, extent=e)

## with polygons
p <- as.polygons(e)
v <- vect(f, filter=p)

### SpatVector from a geom matrix
x1 <- rbind(c(-180,-20), c(-140,55), c(10, 0), c(-140,-60))
x2 <- rbind(c(-10,0), c(140,60), c(160,0), c(140,-55))
x3 <- rbind(c(-125,0), c(0,60), c(40,5), c(15,-45))
hole <- rbind(c(80,0), c(105,13), c(120,2), c(105,-13))
z <- rbind(cbind(object=1, part=1, x1, hole=0), cbind(object=2, part=1, x3, hole=0),
			cbind(object=3, part=1, x2, hole=0), cbind(object=3, part=1, hole, hole=1))
colnames(z)[3:4] <- c('x', 'y')

p <- vect(z, "polygons")

z[z[, "hole"]==1, "object"] <- 4
lns <- vect(z[,1:4], "lines")
lines(lns, col="red", lwd=2)

### from wkt
v <- vect("POLYGON ((0 -5, 10 0, 10 -10, 0 -5))")

wkt <- c("MULTIPOLYGON ( ((40 40, 20 45, 45 30, 40 40)), 
((20 35, 10 30, 10 10, 30 5, 45 20, 20 35),(30 20, 20 15, 20 25, 30 20)))", 
"POLYGON ((0 -5, 10 0, 10 -10, 0 -5))")
w <- vect(wkt)

# combine two SpatVectors 
vw <- rbind(w, v)

# add a data.frame
d <- data.frame(id=1:2, name=c("a", "b"))
values(w) <- d

# add data.frame on creation, here from a geom matrix
g <- geom(w)
d <- data.frame(id=1:2, name=c("a", "b"))
m <- vect(g, "polygons", atts=d, crs="+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84")

### SpatVector from a data.frame
d$wkt <- wkt
x <- vect(d, geom="wkt")

d$wkt <- NULL
d$lon <- c(0,10)
d$lat <- c(0,10)
x <- vect(d, geom=c("lon", "lat"))

# SpatVector to sf

terra documentation built on May 29, 2024, 12:33 p.m.