data_frame: Construct a data frame

View source: R/type-data-frame.R

data_frameR Documentation

Construct a data frame


data_frame() constructs a data frame. It is similar to base::data.frame(), but there are a few notable differences that make it more in line with vctrs principles. The Properties section outlines these.


  .size = NULL,
  .name_repair = c("check_unique", "unique", "universal", "minimal", "unique_quiet",
  .error_call = current_env()



Vectors to become columns in the data frame. When inputs are named, those names are used for column names.


The number of rows in the data frame. If NULL, this will be computed as the common size of the inputs.


One of "check_unique", "unique", "universal", "minimal", "unique_quiet", or "universal_quiet". See vec_as_names() for the meaning of these options.


The execution environment of a currently running function, e.g. caller_env(). The function will be mentioned in error messages as the source of the error. See the call argument of abort() for more information.


If no column names are supplied, "" will be used as a default name for all columns. This is applied before name repair occurs, so the default name repair of "check_unique" will error if any unnamed inputs are supplied and "unique" (or "unique_quiet") will repair the empty string column names appropriately. If the column names don't matter, use a "minimal" name repair for convenience and performance.


  • Inputs are recycled to a common size with vec_recycle_common().

  • With the exception of data frames, inputs are not modified in any way. Character vectors are never converted to factors, and lists are stored as-is for easy creation of list-columns.

  • Unnamed data frame inputs are automatically unpacked. Named data frame inputs are stored unmodified as data frame columns.

  • NULL inputs are completely ignored.

  • The dots are dynamic, allowing for splicing of lists with !!! and unquoting.

See Also

df_list() for safely creating a data frame's underlying data structure from individual columns. new_data_frame() for constructing the actual data frame from that underlying data structure. Together, these can be useful for developers when creating new data frame subclasses supporting standard evaluation.


data_frame(x = 1, y = 2)

# Inputs are recycled using tidyverse recycling rules
data_frame(x = 1, y = 1:3)

# Strings are never converted to factors
class(data_frame(x = "foo")$x)

# List columns can be easily created
df <- data_frame(x = list(1:2, 2, 3:4), y = 3:1)

# However, the base print method is suboptimal for displaying them,
# so it is recommended to convert them to tibble
if (rlang::is_installed("tibble")) {

# Named data frame inputs create data frame columns
df <- data_frame(x = data_frame(y = 1:2, z = "a"))

# The `x` column itself is another data frame

# Again, it is recommended to convert these to tibbles for a better
# print method
if (rlang::is_installed("tibble")) {

# Unnamed data frame input is automatically unpacked
data_frame(x = 1, data_frame(y = 1:2, z = "a"))

vctrs documentation built on Jan. 23, 2023, 5:45 p.m.