R/abind.R

Defines functions abind

Documented in abind

abind <- function(..., along=N, rev.along=NULL, new.names=NULL,
                  force.array=TRUE, make.names=use.anon.names, use.anon.names=FALSE,
                  use.first.dimnames=FALSE, hier.names=FALSE, use.dnns=FALSE)
{
    if (is.character(hier.names))
        hier.names <- match.arg(hier.names, c('before', 'after', 'none'))
    else
        hier.names <- if (hier.names) 'before' else 'no'
    arg.list <- list(...)
    if (is.list(arg.list[[1]]) && !is.data.frame(arg.list[[1]])) {
        if (length(arg.list)!=1)
            stop("can only supply one list-valued argument for ...")
        if (make.names)
            stop("cannot have make.names=TRUE with a list argument")
        arg.list <- arg.list[[1]]
        have.list.arg <- TRUE
    } else {
        N <- max(1, sapply(list(...), function(x) length(dim(x))))
        have.list.arg <- FALSE
    }
    if (any(discard <- sapply(arg.list, is.null)))
        arg.list <- arg.list[!discard]
    if (length(arg.list)==0)
        return(NULL)
    N <- max(1, sapply(arg.list, function(x) length(dim(x))))

    ## N will eventually be length(dim(return.value))
    if (!is.null(rev.along))
        along <- N + 1 - rev.along

    if (along < 1 || along > N || (along > floor(along) && along < ceiling(along))) {
        N <- N + 1
        along <- max(1, min(N+1, ceiling(along)))
    }

    ## this next check should be redundant, but keep it here for safety...
    if (length(along) > 1 || along < 1 || along > N + 1)
        stop(paste("\"along\" must specify one dimension of the array,",
                   "or interpolate between two dimensions of the array",
                   sep="\n"))

    if (!force.array && N==2) {
        if (!have.list.arg) {
            if (along==2)
                return(cbind(...))
            if (along==1)
                return(rbind(...))
        } else {
            if (along==2)
                return(do.call("cbind", arg.list))
            if (along==1)
                return(do.call("rbind", arg.list))
        }
    }

    if (along>N || along<0)
        stop("along must be between 0 and ", N)

    pre <- seq(from=1, len=along-1)
    post <- seq(to=N-1, len=N-along)
    ## "perm" specifies permutation to put join dimension (along) last
    perm <- c(seq(len=N)[-along], along)

    arg.names <- names(arg.list)
    if (is.null(arg.names)) arg.names <- rep("", length(arg.list))
    ## if new.names is a character vector, treat it as argument names
    if (is.character(new.names)) {
        arg.names[seq(along=new.names)[nchar(new.names)>0]] <-
            new.names[nchar(new.names)>0]
        new.names <- NULL
    }

    ## Be careful with dot.args, because if abind was called
    ## using do.call(), and had anonymous arguments, the expressions
    ## returned by match.call() are for the entire structure.
    ## This can be a problem in S-PLUS, not sure about R.
    ## E.g., in this one match.call() returns compact results:
    ## > (function(...)browser())(1:10,letters)
    ## Called from: (function(...)  browser())....
    ## b()> match.call(expand.dots=FALSE)$...
    ## list(1:10, letters)
    ## But in this one, match.call() returns evaluated results:
    ## > test <- function(...) browser()
    ## > do.call("test", list(1:3,letters[1:4]))
    ## Called from: test(c(1, 2, 3), c("a", "b....
    ## b(test)> match.call(expand.dots=FALSE)$...
    ## list(c(1, 2, 3), c("a", "b", "c", "d")
    ## The problem here was largely mitigated by making abind()
    ## accept a single list argument, which removes most of the
    ## need for the use of do.call("abind", ...)

    ## Create deparsed versions of actual arguments in arg.alt.names
    ## These are used for error messages
    if (any(arg.names=="")) {
        if (make.names) {
            ## Create dot.args to be a list of calling expressions for the objects to be bound.
            ## Be careful here with translation to R --
            ## dot.args does not have the "list" functor with R
            ## (and dot.args is not a call object), whereas with S-PLUS, dot.args
            ## must have the list functor removed
            dot.args <- match.call(expand.dots=FALSE)$... ## [[2]]
            if (is.call(dot.args) && identical(dot.args[[1]], as.name("list")))
                dot.args <- dot.args[-1]
            arg.alt.names <- arg.names
            for (i in seq(along=arg.names)) {
                if (arg.alt.names[i]=="") {
                    if (object.size(dot.args[[i]])<1000) {
                        arg.alt.names[i] <- paste(deparse(dot.args[[i]], 40), collapse=";")
                    } else {
                        arg.alt.names[i] <- paste("X", i, sep="")
                    }
                    arg.names[i] <- arg.alt.names[i]
                }
            }
            ## unset(dot.args) don't need dot.args any more, but R doesn't have unset()
        } else {
            arg.alt.names <- arg.names
            arg.alt.names[arg.names==""] <- paste("X", seq(along=arg.names), sep="")[arg.names==""]
        }
    } else {
        arg.alt.names <- arg.names
    }

    use.along.names <- any(arg.names!="")

    ## need to have here: arg.names, arg.alt.names, don't need dot.args

    names(arg.list) <- arg.names
    ## arg.dimnames is a matrix of dimension names, each element of the
    ## the matrix is a character vector, e.g., arg.dimnames[j,i] is
    ## the vector of names for dimension j of arg i
    arg.dimnames <- matrix(vector("list", N*length(arg.names)), nrow=N, ncol=length(arg.names))
    dimnames(arg.dimnames) <- list(NULL, arg.names)
    ## arg.dnns is a matrix of names of dimensions, each element is a
    ## character vector len 1, or NULL
    arg.dnns <- matrix(vector("list", N*length(arg.names)), nrow=N, ncol=length(arg.names))
    dimnames(arg.dnns) <- list(NULL, arg.names)
    dimnames.new <- vector("list", N)

    ## Coerce all arguments to have the same number of dimensions
    ## (by adding one, if necessary) and permute them to put the
    ## join dimension last.

    ## Create arg.dim as a matrix with length(dim) rows and
    ## length(arg.list) columns: arg.dim[j,i]==dim(arg.list[[i]])[j],
    ## The dimension order of arg.dim is original
    arg.dim <- matrix(integer(1), nrow=N, ncol=length(arg.names))

    for (i in seq(len=length(arg.list))) {
        m <- arg.list[[i]]
        m.changed <- FALSE

        ## be careful with conversion to array: as.array converts data frames badly
        if (is.data.frame(m)) {
            ## use as.matrix() in preference to data.matrix() because
            ## data.matrix() uses the unintuitive codes() function on factors
            m <- as.matrix(m)
            m.changed <- TRUE
        } else if (!is.array(m) && !is.null(m)) {
            if (!is.atomic(m))
                stop("arg '", arg.alt.names[i], "' is non-atomic")
            ## make sure to get the names of a vector and attach them to the array
            dn <- names(m)
            m <- as.array(m)
            if (length(dim(m))==1 && !is.null(dn))
                dimnames(m) <- list(dn)
            m.changed <- TRUE
        }
        new.dim <- dim(m)
        if (length(new.dim)==N) {
            ## Assign the dimnames of this argument to the i'th column of arg.dimnames.
            ## If dimnames(m) is NULL, would need to do arg.dimnames[,i] <- list(NULL)
            ## to set all elts to NULL, as arg.dimnames[,i] <- NULL does not actually
            ## change anything in S-PLUS (leaves whatever is there) and illegal in R.
            ## Since arg.dimnames has NULL entries to begin with, don't need to do
            ## anything when dimnames(m) is NULL
            if (!is.null(dimnames(m))) {
                arg.dimnames[,i] <- dimnames(m)
                if (use.dnns && !is.null(names(dimnames(m))))
                    arg.dnns[,i] <- as.list(names(dimnames(m)))
            }
            arg.dim[,i] <- new.dim
        } else if (length(new.dim)==N-1) {
            ## add another dimension (first set dimnames to NULL to prevent errors)
            if (!is.null(dimnames(m))) {
                ## arg.dimnames[,i] <- c(dimnames(m)[pre], list(NULL), dimnames(m))[post]
                ## is equivalent to arg.dimnames[-N,i] <- dimnames(m)
                arg.dimnames[-along,i] <- dimnames(m)
                if (use.dnns && !is.null(names(dimnames(m))))
                    arg.dnns[-along,i] <- as.list(names(dimnames(m)))
                ## remove the dimnames so that we can assign a dim of an extra length
                dimnames(m) <- NULL
            }
            arg.dim[,i] <- c(new.dim[pre], 1, new.dim[post])
            if (any(perm!=seq(along=perm))) {
                dim(m) <- c(new.dim[pre], 1, new.dim[post])
                m.changed <- TRUE
            }
        } else {
            stop("'", arg.alt.names[i], "' does not fit: should have `length(dim())'=",
                        N, " or ", N-1)
        }

        if (any(perm!=seq(along=perm)))
            arg.list[[i]] <- aperm(m, perm)
        else if (m.changed)
            arg.list[[i]] <- m
    }

    ## Make sure all arguments conform
    conform.dim <- arg.dim[,1]
    for (i in seq(len=ncol(arg.dim))) {
        if (any((conform.dim!=arg.dim[,i])[-along])) {
            stop("arg '", arg.alt.names[i], "' has dims=", paste(arg.dim[,i], collapse=", "),
                 "; but need dims=", paste(replace(conform.dim, along, "X"), collapse=", "))
        }
    }

    ## find the last (or first) names for each dimensions except the join dimension
    if (N>1)
        for (dd in seq(len=N)[-along]) {
            for (i in (if (use.first.dimnames) seq(along=arg.names) else rev(seq(along=arg.names)))) {
                if (length(arg.dimnames[[dd,i]]) > 0) {
                    dimnames.new[[dd]] <- arg.dimnames[[dd,i]]
                    if (use.dnns && !is.null(arg.dnns[[dd,i]]))
                        names(dimnames.new)[dd] <- arg.dnns[[dd,i]]
                    break
                }
            }
        }

    ## find or create names for the join dimension
    for (i in seq(len=length(arg.names))) {
        ## only use names if arg i contributes some elements
        if (arg.dim[along,i] > 0) {
            dnm.along <- arg.dimnames[[along,i]]
            if (length(dnm.along)==arg.dim[along,i]) {
                use.along.names <- TRUE
                if (hier.names=='before' && arg.names[i]!="")
                    dnm.along <- paste(arg.names[i], dnm.along, sep=".")
                else if (hier.names=='after' && arg.names[i]!="")
                    dnm.along <- paste(dnm.along, arg.names[i], sep=".")
            } else {
                ## make up names for the along dimension
                if (arg.dim[along,i]==1)
                    dnm.along <- arg.names[i]
                else if (arg.names[i]=="")
                    dnm.along <- rep("", arg.dim[along,i])
                else
                    dnm.along <- paste(arg.names[i], seq(length=arg.dim[along,i]), sep="")
            }
            dimnames.new[[along]] <- c(dimnames.new[[along]], dnm.along)
        }
        if (use.dnns) {
            dnn <- unlist(arg.dnns[along,])
            if (length(dnn)) {
                if (!use.first.dimnames)
                    dnn <- rev(dnn)
                names(dimnames.new)[along] <- dnn[1]
            }
        }
    }
    ## if no names at all were given for the along dimension, use none
    if (!use.along.names)
        dimnames.new[along] <- list(NULL)

    ## Construct the output array from the pieces.
    ## Could experiment here with more efficient ways of constructing the
    ## result than using unlist(), e.g.
    ##    out <- numeric(prod(c( arg.dim[-along,1], sum(arg.dim[along,]))))
    ## Don't use names in unlist because this can quickly exhaust memory when
    ## abind is called with "do.call" (which creates horrendous names in S-PLUS).
    out <- array(unlist(arg.list, use.names=FALSE),
                 dim=c( arg.dim[-along,1], sum(arg.dim[along,])),
                 dimnames=dimnames.new[perm])
    ## permute the output array to put the join dimension back in the right place
    if (any(order(perm)!=seq(along=perm)))
        out <- aperm(out, order(perm))

    ## if new.names is list of character vectors, use whichever are non-null
    ## for dimension names, checking that they are the right length
    if (!is.null(new.names) && is.list(new.names)) {
        for (dd in seq(len=N)) {
            if (!is.null(new.names[[dd]])) {
                if (length(new.names[[dd]])==dim(out)[dd])
                    dimnames(out)[[dd]] <- new.names[[dd]]
                else if (length(new.names[[dd]]))
                    warning(paste("Component ", dd,
                                  " of new.names ignored: has length ",
                                  length(new.names[[dd]]), ", should be ",
                                  dim(out)[dd], sep=""))
            }
            if (use.dnns && !is.null(names(new.names)) && names(new.names)[dd]!='')
                names(dimnames(out))[dd] <- names(new.names)[dd]
        }
    }
    if (use.dnns && !is.null(names(dimnames(out))) && any(i <- is.na(names(dimnames(out)))))
        names(dimnames(out))[i] <- ''
    out
}

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abind documentation built on Sept. 4, 2017, 3:01 a.m.