whittermore.stat: Compute Whittermore's Statistic

Description Usage Arguments Value References See Also Examples

Description

Compute Whittermore's statistic. See whittermore manual page for more details.

whittermore.stat computes the test statistic and the test using a hi-square distribution whilst whittermore.test performs a bootstrap test.

Usage

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whittermore.stat(data, listw, zero.policy=FALSE)
whittermore.test(formula, data, model, R, ...)

Arguments

formula

Formula that specifies the underlying model. The observed cases are the response and the expected number of cases must be specified as an offset in the log scale (see example below). Note that now it is not necessary to use Observed and Expected and that any other names can be used to specify the observed and expected cases.

model

Parametric model to be used in the bootstrap test. One of "param", "multinom", "poisson" or "negbin". See the DCluster manpage for details.

...

The remaining arguments in 'whittermore.stat' not included in 'whittermore.test'. This is done so because whittermore.test calls whittermore.stat in order to perform the test.

R

Number of replicates used in the test to compute the significance of the observed value of the test statistic.

data

A dataframe containing the data, as specified in the DCluster manpage.

listw

Neighbours list with spatial weights created, for example, by 'nb2listw' (package spdep).

zero.policy

See nb2listw in package spdep.

Value

The value of the statistic.

References

Whittermore, A. S. and Friend, N. and Byron, W. and Brown, J. R. and Holly, E. A. (1987). A test to detect clusters of disease. Biometrika 74, 631-635.

See Also

DCluster, whittermore, whittermore.boot, whittermore.pboot

Examples

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library(spdep)
data(nc.sids)
col.W <- nb2listw(ncCR85.nb, zero.policy=TRUE)

sids<-data.frame(Observed=nc.sids$SID74)
sids<-cbind(sids, Expected=nc.sids$BIR74*sum(nc.sids$SID74)/sum(nc.sids$BIR74) )
sids<-cbind(sids, x=nc.sids$x, y=nc.sids$y)

#Calculate neighbours based on distance
coords<-as.matrix(sids[,c("x", "y")])

dlist<-dnearneigh(coords, 0, Inf)
dlist<-include.self(dlist)
dlist.d<-nbdists(dlist, coords)

#Calculate weights. They are globally standardised but it doesn't
#change significance.
col.W.whitt<-nb2listw(dlist, glist=dlist.d, style="C")


whittermore.stat(sids, col.W.whitt, zero.policy=TRUE)

whittermore.test(Observed~offset(log(Expected)), sids, model="poisson", R=99, 
   listw=col.W.whitt, zero.policy=TRUE)

DCluster documentation built on May 2, 2019, 11:51 a.m.