DoBy: Evaluates a Function Groupwise

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/DoBy.r

Description

Split the vector x into partitions and apply the function to each partition separately. Computation restarts for each partition.
The logic is the same as the OLAP functions in SQL, e.g. SUM(x) OVER (PARTITION BY group).

Usage

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DoBy(x, ...)

## S3 method for class 'formula'
DoBy(formula, data = parent.frame(), subset, na.action,
     vnames = NULL, ...)
## Default S3 method:
DoBy(x, by, FUN, vnames = NULL, collapse = FALSE, ...)

Arguments

x

a vector that should be operated.

by

list of one or more factors, each of same length as x. If by is not a factor, the elements are coerced to factors by as.factor().

FUN

Function to apply for each factor level combination.

formula

a formula of the form lhs ~ rhs where lhs gives the data values and rhs the corresponding groups.

data

an optional matrix or data frame (or similar: see model.frame) containing the variables in the formula formula. By default the variables are taken from the parent.frame().

subset

an optional vector specifying a subset of observations to be used.

na.action

a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. Defaults to getOption("na.action").

vnames

name for the new variables.

collapse

logical, determining if the results should be collapsed to groups. Default is FALSE.

...

optional arguments to FUN: See the "Note" section.

Details

This is more or less the same as the function ave, with the arguments organized a bit different and offering more flexibility.

Value

a data.frame with the same number of rows as length as x containing the groupwise results of FUN and the used group factors.
The attribute response denotes the name of the response variable in case the formula interface was used.

Note

Optional arguments to FUN supplied by the ... argument are not divided into cells. It is therefore inappropriate for FUN to expect additional arguments with the same length as x.

Author(s)

Andri Signorell <andri@signorell.net>

See Also

ave, tapply, aggregate

Examples

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d.frm <- data.frame(x=rep(1:4,3), v=sample(x=1:3, size=12, replace=TRUE),
                    g=gl(4,3,labels=letters[1:4]), m=gl(3,4,labels=LETTERS[1:3]))

# SQL-OLAP: sum() over (partition by g)
DoBy(d.frm$x, d.frm$g, FUN=sum)
# DoBy(d.frm$x, FUN=sum)

# more than 1 grouping variables are organized as list as in tapply:
DoBy(d.frm$x, list(d.frm$g, d.frm$m), mean)

# count
d.frm$count <- DoBy(d.frm$x, d.frm$g, length)

# rank
d.frm$rank <- DoBy(d.frm$v, d.frm$g, rank)
d.frm$dense_rank <- DoBy(d.frm$v, d.frm$g, Rank, ties.method="dense")
d.frm$rank_desc <- DoBy(d.frm$x, d.frm$g, function(x) rank(-x))

# row_number
d.frm$row_number <- DoBy(d.frm$v, d.frm$g, function(x) order(x))
d.frm

DescTools documentation built on June 17, 2021, 5:12 p.m.