Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

Hotelling's T2 test is the multivariate generlisation of the Student's t test. A one-sample Hotelling's T2 test can be used to test if a set of vectors of data (which should be a sample of a single statistical population) has a mean equal to a hypothetical mean. A two-sample Hotelling's T2 test may be used to test for significant differences between the mean vectors (multivariate means) of two multivariate data sets are different.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | ```
HotellingsT2Test(x, ...)
## Default S3 method:
HotellingsT2Test(x, y = NULL, mu = NULL, test = "f", ...)
## S3 method for class 'formula'
HotellingsT2Test(formula, data, subset, na.action, ...)
``` |

`x` |
a numeric data frame or matrix. |

`y` |
an optional numeric data frame or matrix for the two sample test. If |

`mu` |
a vector indicating the hypothesized value of the mean (or difference
in means if a two sample test is performed). |

`test` |
if |

`formula` |
a formula of the form |

`data` |
an optional matrix or data frame (or similar: see |

`subset` |
an optional vector specifying a subset of observations to be used. |

`na.action` |
a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. Defaults to |

`...` |
further arguments to be passed to or from methods. |

The classical test for testing the location of a multivariate population or for testing the mean
difference for two multivariate populations. When `test = "f"`

the F-distribution is used for
the test statistic and it is assumed that the data are normally distributed. If the chisquare
approximation is used, the normal assumption can be relaxed to existence of second moments.
In the two sample case both populations are assumed to have the same covariance matrix.

The formula interface is only applicable for the 2-sample tests.

A list with class 'htest' containing the following components:

`statistic ` |
the value of the T2-statistic. (That is the scaled value of the statistic that has an
F distribution or a chisquare distribution depending on the value of |

`parameter` |
the degrees of freedom for the T2-statistic. |

`p.value` |
the p-value for the test. |

`null.value` |
the specified hypothesized value of the mean or mean difference depending on whether it was a one-sample test or a two-sample test. |

`alternative` |
a character string with the value 'two.sided'. |

`method` |
a character string indicating what type of test was performed. |

`data.name` |
a character string giving the name of the data (and grouping vector). |

Klaus Nordhausen, <klaus.nordhausen@uta.fi>

Nordhausen K., Sirkia S., Oja H. and Tyler D. E. (2012) ICSNP: Tools for
Multivariate Nonparametrics. R package version 1.0-9.

https://cran.r-project.org/package=ICSNP

Anderson, T.W. (2003), *An introduction to
multivariate analysis*, New Jersey: Wiley.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | ```
math.teach <- data.frame(
teacher = factor(rep(1:2, c(3, 6))),
satis = c(1, 3, 2, 4, 6, 6, 5, 5, 4),
know = c(3, 7, 2, 6, 8, 8, 10, 10, 6))
with(math.teach,
HotellingsT2Test(cbind(satis, know) ~ teacher))
``` |

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