R/gdbsource.R

Defines functions print.backtrace .gdbsource.win gdbsource

Documented in gdbsource print.backtrace

## Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Kasper Kristensen
## License: GPL-2

##' Source R-script through gdb to get backtrace.
##'
##' This function is useful for debugging templates.
##' If a script aborts e.g. due to an out-of-bound index operation
##' it should be fast to locate the line that caused the problem by
##' running \code{gdbsource(file)}.
##' Alternatively, If more detailed debugging is required,  then
##' \code{gdbsource(file,TRUE)} will provide the full backtrace followed
##' by an interactive gdb session where the individual frames can be inspected.
##' Note that templates should be compiled without optimization and with debug
##' information in order to provide correct line numbers:
##' \itemize{
##' \item On Linux/OS X use \code{compile(cppfile,"-O0 -g")}.
##' \item On Windows use \code{compile(cppfile,"-O1 -g",DLLFLAGS="")} (lower
##' optimization level will cause errors).
##' }
##' @title Source R-script through gdb to get backtrace.
##' @param file Your R script
##' @param interactive Run interactive gdb session?
##' @return Object of class \code{backtrace}
gdbsource <- function(file,interactive=FALSE){
  if(!file.exists(file))stop("File '",file,"' not found")
  if(.Platform$OS.type=="windows"){
    return(.gdbsource.win(file,interactive))
  }
  gdbscript <- tempfile()
  if(interactive){
    gdbcmd <- c(paste("run --vanilla <",file),
                "bt")
    gdbcmd <- paste(gdbcmd,"\n",collapse="")
    cat(gdbcmd,file=gdbscript)
    cmd <- paste("R -d gdb --debugger-args=\"-x",gdbscript,"\"")
    system(cmd,intern=FALSE,ignore.stdout=FALSE,ignore.stderr=TRUE)
    return(NULL)
  } else {
    cat("run\nbt\nquit\n",file=gdbscript)
    cmd <- paste("R --vanilla < ",file," -d gdb --debugger-args=\"-x",
                 gdbscript,"\"")
    txt <- system(cmd,intern=TRUE,ignore.stdout=FALSE,ignore.stderr=TRUE)
    attr(txt,"file") <- file
    class(txt) <- "backtrace"
    return(txt)
  }
}
## Windows case
.gdbsource.win <- function(file,interactive=FALSE){
  gdbscript <- tempfile()
  txt <- paste("set breakpoint pending on\nb abort\nrun --vanilla -f",
               file, "\nbt\n")
  cat(txt, file=gdbscript)
  cmd <- paste("gdb Rterm -x", gdbscript)
  if(interactive){
    cmd <- paste("start",cmd)
    shell(cmd)
    return(NULL)
  }
  else {
    txt <- system(cmd,intern=TRUE,ignore.stdout=FALSE,ignore.stderr=TRUE)
    attr(txt,"file") <- file
    class(txt) <- "backtrace"
    return(txt)
  }
}

##' If \code{gdbsource} is run non-interactively (the default) only
##' the relevant information will be printed. 
##'
##' @title Print problematic cpp line number.
##' @param x Backtrace from \code{gdbsource}
##' @param ... Not used
##' @rdname gdbsource
##' @method print backtrace
##' @S3method print backtrace
##' @return NULL
print.backtrace <- function(x,...){
    ## Both gdb and lldb use the output format
    ##   ' at file.cpp:123'
    ## to specify the problematic source lines:
    pattern <- "\\ at\\ .*\\.cpp\\:[0-9]+"
    x <- grep(pattern, x, value=TRUE)
    if (length(x) == 0)
        x <- "Program returned without errors"
    else
        x <- c("Errors:", x)
    cat(paste(x,"\n"))
}

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TMB documentation built on Jan. 24, 2023, 1:08 a.m.