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 ade4: Analysis of Ecological Data : Exploratory and Euclidean Methods in Environmental Sciences
 ours: A table of Qualitative Variables
A table of Qualitative Variables
Description
The ours
(bears) data frame has 38 rows, areas of the "Inventaire National Forestier", and 10 columns.
Usage
1 
Format
This data frame contains the following columns:
altit: importance of the altitudinal area inhabited by bears, a factor with levels:

1
less than 50% of the area between 800 and 2000 meters 
2
between 50 and 70% 
3
more than 70%

deniv: importance of the average variation in level by square of 50 km2, a factor with levels:

1
less than 700m 
2
between 700 and 900 m 
3
more than 900 m

cloiso: partitioning of the massif, a factor with levels:

1
a great valley or a ridge isolates at least a quarter of the massif 
2
less than a quarter of the massif is isolated 
3
the massif has no split

domain: importance of the national forests on contact with the massif, a factor with levels:

1
less than 400 km2 
2
between 400 and 1000 km2 
3
more than 1000 km2

boise: rate of afforestation, a factor with levels:

1
less than 30% 
2
between 30 and 50% 
3
more than 50%

hetra: importance of plantations and mixed forests, a factor with levels:

1
less than 5% 
2
between 5 and 10% 
3
more than 10% of the massif

favor: importance of favorable forests, plantations, mixed forests, fir plantations, a factor with levels:

1
less than 5% 
2
between 5 and 10% 
3
more than 10% of the massif

inexp: importance of unworked forests, a factor with levels:

1
less than 4% 
2
between 4 and 8% 
3
more than 8% of the total area

citat: presence of the bear before its disappearance, a factor with levels:

1
no quotation since 1840 
2
1 to 3 quotations before 1900 and none after 
3
4 quotations before 1900 and none after 
4
at least 4 quotations before 1900 and at least 1 quotation between 1900 and 1940

depart: district, a factor with levels:

AHP
AlpesdeHauteProvence 
AM
AlpesMaritimes 
D
Drôme 
HP
HautesAlpes 
HS
HauteSavoie 
I
Isère 
S
Savoie

Source
Erome, G. (1989) L'ours brun dans les Alpes françaises. Historique de sa disparition. Centre Ornithologique RhôneAlpes, Villeurbanne. 120 p.
Examples
1 2 3 4 5 6 
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 abouheif.eg: Phylogenies and quantitative traits from Abouheif
 acacia: Spatial pattern analysis in plant communities
 add.scatter: Add graphics to an existing plot
 ade4deprecated: Deprecated functions in ade4
 ade4internal: Internal ade4 functions
 ade4.package: The ade4 package
 ade4toR: Format Change Utility
 adegraphicsLoaded: Utility function to test if the package adegraphics is loaded
 aminoacyl: Codon usage
 amova: Analysis of molecular variance
 apis108: Allelic frequencies in ten honeybees populations at eight...
 apqe: Apportionment of Quadratic Entropy
 aravo: Distribution of Alpine plants in Aravo (Valloire, France)
 ardeche: Fauna Table with double (row and column) partitioning
 area.plot: Graphical Display of Areas
 arrival: Arrivals at an intensive care unit
 as.taxo: Taxonomy
 atlas: Small Ecological Dataset
 atya: Genetic variability of Cacadors
 avijons: Bird species distribution
 avimedi: Fauna Table for Constrained Ordinations
 aviurba: Ecological Tables Triplet
 bacteria: Genomes of 43 Bacteria
 banque: Table of Factors
 baran95: African Estuary Fishes
 bca.rlq: BetweenClass RLQ analysis
 between: BetweenClass Analysis
 betweencoinertia: Betweenclass coinertia analysis
 bf88: Cubic Ecological Data
 bicenter.wt: Double Weighted Centring
 bordeaux: Wine Tasting
 bsetal97: Ecological and Biological Traits
 buech: Buech basin
 butterfly: GeneticsEcologyEnvironment Triple
 bwca.dpcoa: Between and withinclass double principal coordinate...
 cailliez: Transformation to make Euclidean a distance matrix
 capitales: Road Distances
 carni19: Phylogeny and quantative trait of carnivora
 carni70: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of carnivora
 carniherbi49: Taxonomy, phylogenies and quantitative traits of carnivora...
 casitas: Enzymatic polymorphism in Mus musculus
 cca: Canonical Correspondence Analysis
 chatcat: Qualitative Weighted Variables
 chats: Pair of Variables
 chazeb: CharolaisZebus
 chevaine: Enzymatic polymorphism in Leuciscus cephalus
 chickenk: Veterinary epidemiological study to assess the risk factors...
 clementines: Fruit Production
 cnc2003: Frequenting movie theaters in France in 2003
 coinertia: Coinertia Analysis
 coleo: Table of Fuzzy Biological Traits
 combine.4thcorner: Functions to combine and adjust the outputs 3table methods
 corkdist: Tests of randomization between distances applied to 'kdist'...
 corvus: Corvus morphology
 costatis: STATIS and CoInertia : Analysis of a series of paired...
 costatis.randtest: MonteCarlo test on a Costatis analysis (in C).
 deug: Exam marks for some students
 disc: Rao's dissimilarity coefficient
 discrimin: Linear Discriminant Analysis (descriptive statistic)
 discrimin.coa: Discriminant Correspondence Analysis
 dist.binary: Computation of Distance Matrices for Binary Data
 dist.dudi: Computation of the Distance Matrix from a Statistical Triplet
 dist.genet: Genetic distances from gene frequencies
 dist.ktab: Mixedvariables coefficient of distance
 dist.neig: Computation of the Distance Matrix associated to a...
 dist.prop: Computation of Distance Matrices of Percentage Data
 dist.quant: Computation of Distance Matrices on Quantitative Variables
 divc: Rao's diversity coefficient also called quadratic entropy
 divcmax: Maximal value of Rao's diversity coefficient also called...
 dotchart.phylog: Representation of many quantitative variables in front of a...
 dotcircle: Representation of n values on a circle
 doubs: Pair of Ecological Tables
 dpcoa: Double principal coordinate analysis
 dudi: Duality Diagram
 dudi.acm: Multiple Correspondence Analysis
 dudi.coa: Correspondence Analysis
 dudi.dec: Decentred Correspondence Analysis
 dudi.fca: Fuzzy Correspondence Analysis and Fuzzy Principal Components...
 dudi.hillsmith: Ordination of Tables mixing quantitative variables and...
 dudi.mix: Ordination of Tables mixing quantitative variables and...
 dudi.nsc: Non symmetric correspondence analysis
 dudi.pca: Principal Component Analysis
 dudi.pco: Principal Coordinates Analysis
 dunedata: Dune Meadow Data
 ecg: Electrocardiogram data
 ecomor: Ecomorphological Convergence
 EH: Amount of Evolutionary History
 elec88: Electoral Data
 escopage: Ktables of winetasting
 euro123: Triangular Data
 fission: Fission pattern and heritable morphological traits
 foucart: Ktables Correspondence Analysis with the same rows and the...
 fourthcorner: Functions to compute the fourthcorner statistic
 friday87: Faunistic Ktables
 fruits: Pair of Tables
 fuzzygenet: Reading a table of genetic data (diploid individuals)
 gearymoran: Moran's I and Geary'c randomization tests for spatial and...
 genet: A class of data: tables of populations and alleles
 ggtortoises: Microsatellites of Galapagos tortoises populations
 granulo: Granulometric Curves
 gridrowcol: Complete regular grid analysis
 hdpg: Genetic Variation In Human Populations
 housetasks: Contingency Table
 humDNAm: human mitochondrial DNA restriction data
 ichtyo: Point sampling of fish community
 inertia.dudi: Statistics of inertia in a onetable analysis
 irishdata: Geary's Irish Data
 is.euclid: Is a Distance Matrix Euclidean ?
 julliot: Seed dispersal
 jv73: Ktables MultiRegions
 kcponds: Ponds in a nature reserve
 kdist: the class of objects 'kdist' (K distance matrices)
 kdist2ktab: Transformation of K distance matrices (object 'kdist') into K...
 kdisteuclid: a way to obtain Euclidean distance matrices
 kplot: Generic Function for Multiple Graphs in a Ktables Analysis
 kplot.foucart: Multiple Graphs for the Foucart's Correspondence Analysis
 kplot.mcoa: Multiple Graphs for a Multiple Coinertia Analysis
 kplot.mfa: Multiple Graphs for a Multiple Factorial Analysis
 kplot.pta: Multiple Graphs for a Partial Triadic Analysis
 kplot.sepan: Multiple Graphs for Separated Analyses in a Ktables
 kplot.statis: Multiple Graphs of a STATIS Analysis
 krandtest: Class of the Permutation Tests (in C).
 ktab: the class of objects 'ktab' (Ktables)
 ktab.data.frame: Creation of Ktables from a data frame
 ktab.list.df: Creating a Ktables from a list of data frames.
 ktab.list.dudi: Creation of a Ktables from a list of duality diagrams
 ktab.match2ktabs: STATIS and CoInertia : Analysis of a series of paired...
 ktab.within: Process to go from a Within Analysis to a Ktables
 lascaux: Genetic/Environment and types of variables
 lingoes: Transformation of a Distance Matrix for becoming Euclidean
 lizards: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of lizards
 macaca: Landmarks
 macon: Wine Tasting
 macroloire: Assemblages of Macroinvertebrates in the Loire River (France)
 mafragh: PhytoEcological Survey
 mantel.randtest: Mantel test (correlation between two distance matrices (in...
 mantel.rtest: Mantel test (correlation between two distance matrices (in...
 maples: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of flowers
 mariages: Correspondence Analysis Table
 mbpcaiv: Multiblock principal component analysis with instrumental...
 mbpls: Multiblock partial least squares
 mcoa: Multiple COinertia Analysis
 mdpcoa: Multiple Double Principal Coordinate Analysis
 meau: Ecological Data : sitesvariables, sitesspecies, where and...
 meaudret: Ecological Data : sitesvariables, sitesspecies, where and...
 mfa: Multiple Factorial Analysis
 microsatt: Genetic Relationships between cattle breeds with...
 mjrochet: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of teleos fishes
 mld: Multi Level Decomposition of unidimensional data
 mollusc: Faunistic Communities and Sampling Experiment
 monde84: Global State of the World in 1984
 morphosport: Athletes' Morphology
 mstree: Minimal Spanning Tree
 multiblock: Display and summarize multiblock objects
 multispati: Multivariate spatial analysis
 multispati.randtest: Multivariate spatial autocorrelation test (in C)
 multispati.rtest: Multivariate spatial autocorrelation test
 neig: Neighbourhood Graphs
 newick2phylog: Create phylogeny
 newick.eg: Phylogenetic trees in Newick format
 niche: Method to Analyse a pair of tables : Environmental and...
 nipals: Nonlinear Iterative Partial Least Squares (NIPALS) algorithm
 njplot: Phylogeny and trait of bacteria
 olympic: Olympic Decathlon
 optimEH: Nee and May's optimizing process
 oribatid: Oribatid mite
 originality: Originality of a species
 orisaved: Maximal or minimal amount of originality saved under optimal...
 orthobasis: Orthonormal basis for orthonormal transform
 orthogram: Orthonormal decomposition of variance
 ours: A table of Qualitative Variables
 palm: Phylogenetic and quantitative traits of amazonian palm trees
 pap: Taxonomy and quantitative traits of carnivora
 pcaiv: Principal component analysis with respect to instrumental...
 pcaivortho: Principal Component Analysis with respect to orthogonal...
 pcoscaled: Simplified Analysis in Principal Coordinates
 pcw: Distribution of of tropical trees along the Panama canal
 perthi02: Contingency Table with a partition in Molecular Biology
 phylog: Phylogeny
 PI2newick: Import data files from Phylogenetic Independance Package
 piosphere: Plant traits response to grazing
 plot.between: BetweenClass Analysis
 plot.phylog: Plot phylogenies
 plot.within: WithinClass Analysis
 presid2002: Results of the French presidential elections of 2002
 procella: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of birds
 procuste: Simple Procruste Rotation between two sets of points
 procuste.randtest: MonteCarlo Test on the sum of the singular values of a...
 procuste.rtest: MonteCarlo Test on the sum of the singular values of a...
 pta: Partial Triadic Analysis of a Ktables
 quasieuclid: Transformation of a distance matrice to a Euclidean one
 randboot: Bootstrap simulations
 randboot.multiblock: Bootstraped simulations for multiblock methods
 randEH: Nee and May's random process
 randtest: Class of the Permutation Tests (in C).
 randtest.amova: Permutation tests on an analysis of molecular variance (in...
 randtest.between: MonteCarlo Test on the betweengroups inertia percentage (in...
 randtest.coinertia: MonteCarlo test on a Coinertia analysis (in C).
 randtest.discrimin: MonteCarlo Test on a Discriminant Analysis (in C).
 randtest.dpcoa: Permutation test for double principal coordinate analysis...
 randtest.pcaiv: MonteCarlo Test on the percentage of explained (i.e....
 randxval: Twofold crossvalidation
 rankrock: Ordination Table
 reconst: Reconstitution of Data from a Duality Diagram
 rhizobium: Genetic structure of two nitrogen fixing bacteria influenced...
 rhone: PhysicoChemistry Data
 rlq: RLQ analysis
 rpjdl: Avifauna and Vegetation
 rtest: Class of the Permutation Tests (in R).
 rtest.between: MonteCarlo Test on the betweengroups inertia percentage (in...
 rtest.discrimin: MonteCarlo Test on a Discriminant Analysis (in R).
 RVdist.randtest: Tests of randomization on the correlation between two...
 RV.rtest: MonteCarlo Test on the sum of eigenvalues of a coinertia...
 santacatalina: Indirect Ordination
 sarcelles: Array of Recapture of Rings
 s.arrow: Plot of the factorial maps for the projection of a vector...
 scalewt: Compute or scale data using (weighted) means, variances and...
 scatter: Graphical representation of the outputs of a multivariate...
 scatter.acm: Plot of the factorial maps in a Multiple Correspondence...
 scatter.coa: Plot of the factorial maps for a correspondence analysis
 scatter.dudi: Plot of the Factorial Maps
 scatter.fca: Plot of the factorial maps for a fuzzy correspondence...
 scatterutil: Graphical utility functions
 s.chull: Plot of the factorial maps with polygons of contour by level...
 s.class: Plot of factorial maps with representation of point classes
 sco.boxplot: Representation of the link between a variable and a set of...
 sco.class: 1D plot of a numeric score and a factor with labels
 sco.distri: Representation by mean standard deviation of a set of weight...
 sco.gauss: Relationships between one score and qualitative variables
 sco.label: 1D plot of a numeric score with labels
 sco.match: 1D plot of a pair of numeric scores with labels
 sco.quant: Graph to Analyse the Relation between a Score and...
 s.corcircle: Plot of the factorial maps of a correlation circle
 score: Graphs for One Dimension
 score.acm: Graphs to study one factor in a Multiple Correspondence...
 score.coa: Reciprocal scaling after a correspondence analysis
 score.mix: Graphs to Analyse a factor in a Mixed Analysis
 score.pca: Graphs to Analyse a factor in PCA
 s.distri: Plot of a frequency distribution
 seconde: Students and Subjects
 sepan: Separated Analyses in a Ktables
 s.hist: Display of a scatterplot and its two marginal histograms
 s.image: Graph of a variable using image and contour
 s.kde2d: Scatter Plot with Kernel Density Estimate
 skulls: Morphometric Evolution
 s.label: Scatter Plot
 s.logo: Representation of an object in a graph by a picture
 s.match: Plot of Paired Coordinates
 s.match.class: Scatterplot of two sets of coordinates and a partionning into...
 s.multinom: Graph of frequency profiles (useful for instance in genetic)
 statico: STATIS and CoInertia : Analysis of a series of paired...
 statico.krandtest: MonteCarlo test on a Statico analysis (in C).
 statis: STATIS, a method for analysing Ktables
 steppe: Transect in the Vegetation
 s.traject: Trajectory Plot
 supcol: Projections of Supplementary Columns
 suprow: Projections of Supplementary Rows
 s.value: Representation of a value in a graph
 symbols.phylog: Representation of a quantitative variable in front of a...
 syndicats: Two Questions asked on a Sample of 1000 Respondents
 t3012: Average temperatures of 30 French cities
 table.cont: Plot of Contingency Tables
 table.dist: Graph Display for Distance Matrices
 table.paint: Plot of the arrays by grey levels
 table.phylog: Plot arrays in front of a phylogenetic tree
 table.value: Plot of the Arrays
 tarentaise: Mountain Avifauna
 taxo.eg: Examples of taxonomy
 testdim: Function to perform a test of dimensionality
 testdim.multiblock: Selection of the number of dimension by twofold...
 tintoodiel: Tinto and Odiel estuary geochemistry
 tithonia: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of flowers
 tortues: Morphological Study of the Painted Turtle
 toxicity: Homogeneous Table
 triangle.class: Triangular Representation and Groups of points
 triangle.plot: Triangular Plotting
 trichometeo: Pair of Ecological Data
 ungulates: Phylogeny and quantitative traits of ungulates.
 uniquewt.df: Elimination of Duplicated Rows in a Array
 variance.phylog: The phylogenetic ANOVA
 vegtf: Vegetation in TroisFontaines
 veuvage: Example for Centring in PCA
 wca.rlq: WithinClass RLQ analysis
 westafrica: Freshwater fish zoogeography in west Africa
 within: WithinClass Analysis
 withincoinertia: Withinclass coinertia analysis
 withinpca: Normed within principal component analysis
 witwit.coa: Internal Correspondence Analysis
 woangers: Plant assemblages in woodlands of the conurbation of Angers...
 worksurv: French Worker Survey (1970)
 yanomama: Distance Matrices
 zealand: Road distances in NewZealand