Upper Paleolithic Engraved Bone Design Elements - Spain

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Description

Counts of 44 engraved bone design elements at five Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherer sites in Cantabrian, Spain.

Usage

1
data("EngrBone")

Format

A data frame with 44 types of engraved bone found at 5 sites.

A

Altamira

CM

Cueto de la Mina

EJ

El Juyo

EC

El Cierro

LP

La Paloma

Details

Counts of 44 engraved bone design elements at five prehistoric hunter-gatherer sites in Cantabrian, Spain. The data were originally analyzed by Conkey (1980) and appear in this format in Kaufman (1998). Kintigh (1984) used these data to illustrate a method for comparing the diversity between samples. The data were scanned from Table 2.4 in Baxter (2003, p. 24).

Source

Baxter, M. J. 2003. Statistics in Archaeology. Arnold, London.

Conkey, M. W. 1980. The Identification of Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Aggregation Sites: The Case of Altamira. Current Anthropology 21: 609-30.

Kaufman, D. 1998. Measuring Archaeological Diversity: An Application of the Jackknife Technique. American Antiquity 63: 73-85.

Kintigh, K. 1984. Measuring Archaeological Diversity by Comparison with Simulated Assemblages. American Antiquity 49: 44-54.

Examples

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data(EngrBone)
# Number of engraved bone specimens at each site
NS <- colSums(EngrBone)
# Number of kinds of engraved bone at each site
NT <- colSums(EngrBone>0)
plot(NS, NT, xlab="Number of Specimens", ylab="Number of Types", main="Engraved Bone", las=1)
text(NS, NT, names(EngrBone), pos=c(1, 3, 3, 3, 3))
Key <- apply(attr(EngrBone, "Variables"), 1, paste, collapse=" - ")
legend("topleft", legend=Key)

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