Late Stone Age and Early Sami Iron Age Pithouses in Arctic Norway

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Description

The morphology of 45 Arctic Norway pithouses is described in terms of 6 categorical variables.

Usage

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data("PitHouses")

Format

A data frame with 45 observations on the following 6 variables.

Hearths

a factor with levels None, One, Two, and Charcoal Conc

Depth

a factor with levels Deep and Shallow

Size

a factor with levels Small, Medium, and Large

Form

a factor with levels Oval and Rectangular

Orient

a factor with levels Parallel Coast and Gabel Toward Coast

Entrance

a factor with levels One Side, Front and One Side, and None

Details

Data on the morphology of pit houses from Arctic Norway described by Engelstad (1988). The data were scanned from Table A7 in Baxter (1994). The category labels are used rather than the numeric values listed in Table A7. The data represent the Group C pithouses as described in Engelstad (1988) which was more variable than groups A or B. The data were converted into an incidence matrix (Table A8 in Baxter (1994) and Table 3 in Englestad (1988)) and used in a multiple correspondence analysis.

Source

Baxter, M. J. 1994. Exploratory Multivariate Analysis in Archaeology. Edinburgh University Press.

Engelstad, E. 1988. Pit Houses in Arctic Norway - An Investigation of Their Typology Using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. In Multivariate Archaeology, edited by T. Madsen, pp. 71-84. Aarhus University Press.

Examples

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data(PitHouses)
# Crosstabulation of Hearths with Size
PitHouses.tbl <- xtabs(~Hearths+Size, PitHouses)
PitHouses.tbl
barplot(PitHouses.tbl, ylab="Frequency", main="Arctic Norway Pithouses", beside=TRUE,
    legend.text=TRUE, args.legend=list(title="Hearths"))
barplot(prop.table(PitHouses.tbl, 2)*100, ylim=c(0, 60), main="Arctic Norway Pithouses",
    ylab="Percent", beside=TRUE, legend.text=TRUE, args.legend=list(title="Hearths"))

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